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From Dictatorship to Democracy – tekijä:…
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From Dictatorship to Democracy (alkuperäinen julkaisuvuosi 1993; vuoden 2012 painos)

– tekijä: Gene Sharp (Tekijä)

JäseniäKirja-arvostelujaSuosituimmuussijaKeskimääräinen arvioMaininnat
224594,180 (3.55)6
Twenty-one years ago, at a friend's request, a Massachusetts professor sketched out a blueprint for nonviolent resistance to repressive regimes. It would go on to be translated, photocopied, and handed from one activist to another, traveling from country to country across the globe: from Iran to Venezuela -- where both countries consider Gene Sharp to be an enemy of the state -- to Serbia; Afghanistan; Vietnam; the former Soviet Union; China; Nepal; and, more recently and notably, Tunisia, Egypt, Yemen, Libya, and Syria, where it has served as a guiding light of the Arab Spring. This short guide to overthrowing a dictatorship by nonviolent means lists 198 specific methods to consider, depending on the circumstances: sit-ins, popular nonobedience, selective strikes, withdrawal of bank deposits, revenue refusal, walkouts, silence, and hunger strikes.… (lisätietoja)
Jäsen:yhlee
Teoksen nimi:From Dictatorship to Democracy
Kirjailijat:Gene Sharp (Tekijä)
Info:Serpent's Tail (2012), Edition: Main, 160 pages
Kokoelmat:Oma kirjasto
Arvio (tähdet):
Avainsanoja:nonfiction

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From Dictatorship to Democracy: A Conceptual Framework for Liberation (tekijä: Gene Sharp) (1993)

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näyttää 5/5
Finally finished this after a several year journey - I first picked this up after reading 'This is An Uprising' after Trump's election. Here are a few things that I, as someone who is not involved in community organizing, was able to take from this (and there would have been much more had I been an organizer!):

- the idea that the power of a leader or a system comes from the people & institutions within it, which I think is often referred to as the 'pillars of support' model
- the idea that nonviolent struggle is often helpful against dictators because dictators are really good at violent struggle, and the larger idea of "pick your battles"
- the importance of a positive strategy - aiming at a new order, instead of just toppling the old one - and then the guts and judgement to stick to it until it doesn't work anymore

There's a lot of more practical advice that I would find helpful if I was building a movement, but so far as I have been participating in activism it has largely been as a metaphorical foot soldier. I did think about some of these things while trying to effect change in my workplace but I found it difficult. Maybe I should have thought harder? ( )
  haagen_daz | Jun 6, 2019 |
This is an actual handbook on nonviolent resistance, which on the one hand makes it incredibly intriguing but on the other makes it rather boring, since it reads somewhat like an instruction manual. I presumed when I heard about the book that Sharp would include many references to real-life struggles in order to illustrate his points, but he rarely did this even though the book would have benefitted from more concrete examples. The last few chapters were more interesting as he discussed the planning and implementation of specific strategy, but overall the book is geared more toward people who are planning to utilize the information in their countries, and not toward those of us who are simply interested in the phenomenon.

( )
  blake.rosser | Jul 28, 2013 |
Sharp is a modern day combination of Gandhi and Machiavelli. While not a strict pacifist, Sharp makes the point that by picking up the gun, you have chosen to fight on the dictator’s terms. Totalitarian regimes can usually muster much greater firepower than their subjects. Rifles against tanks is not a good idea, if it can be avoided.
Sharp catalogs numerous forms of creative resistance, not just gather in the square and be shot down. The utility of his ideas was demonstrated in Serbia and in the Arab Spring.
Egypt was a prime example of the successful use of such mostly non-violent tactics. And Syria shows what happens when the dictator is willing and able to use his armor and air force.
This is an important book, but rather dry. For a much more readable exposition of Sharp’s ideas, with plenty of anecdotes, read The Dictator’s Learning Curve. There is also an excellent documentary on DVD, How to Start a Revolution.
For the importance of having at least the neutrality of the armed forces, read Katharine Chorley’s Armies and the Art of Revolution. If you ARE the armed forces, Luttwak’s Coup d’État: a Practical Handbook is essential reading. ( )
  WaltNoise | Jun 28, 2013 |
En fantastisk lille bog, der kan være udgangspunkt for mange nødvendige ikke-voldelige revolutioner - i alle lande og inden for mange sektorer, kulturer, organisationer etc. Den er ikke fantastisk skrevet - men substansen og dens fokus på det for alle mulige (metodelisten) er virkelig god. Der findes store og der findes små revolutioner - og bogen er et godt sted at starte hvis man lever i samfund hvor demokratiet enten ikke eksisterer, er truet eller kan forbedres. Det er ikke en mirakelbog og foregiver ikke at være det - men substansens potentiale er umulig at forhindre: det frit tænkende og frit handlende demokratisk levende individ. ( )
  kn.randersbib | Jan 1, 2013 |
Gene Sharp offers the keen insight that if war is the continuation of politics with other means, then dictators bring the bigger sticks to the fight. Using violence against dictators is both a very bloody and often futile approach, as the chosen battlefield (violence) is a dictatorship's main source of strength. A successful challenge thus must come from other, more patient and more cautious means: Non-violent resistance á la Gandhi, targeting a dictatorship's weaknesses and putting stress upon its bureaucracy. A dictatorship is, by definition, a highly centralized organization that can bear little information and control overload. Lessening its grip on society and control over information by establishing parallel (informal and formal) institutions dismantles a dictatorship step by step.

The second big message of the book is the importance of planning and logistics. Caution is the word. Manning the barricades and organizing demonstrations without the legwork and underlying strategy result only in futile bloodshed. While the media promote the images of the brave young revolutionaries, the important work has to be done in meetings, hopefully long prior to the actual revolution. Otherwise, just as in Hungary 1956, winning the tactical fight on the barricades is traded for the strategic loss against the powers of repression.

Sharp's concise manual and checklist of non-violent political measures needs to be fleshed out and adapted to the individual struggle. The biggest omission in my view is the colonial outlook of the manual. It basically assumes either a colonial or local oppressor set against the people. In many current conflicts, however, there are ethnic fault lines where the question is less about dictatorship vs democracy but which clan/ethnic group rules over other clans/ethnic groups. If resources (and wealth) come from a single source (such as oil or diamonds), is there a chance of decentralized democracy or are such countries doomed to fall to strongmen?

In any case, Gene Sharp is an inspiration to the world and this booklet a guide to freedom. ( )
3 ääni jcbrunner | Feb 20, 2011 |
näyttää 5/5
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Twenty-one years ago, at a friend's request, a Massachusetts professor sketched out a blueprint for nonviolent resistance to repressive regimes. It would go on to be translated, photocopied, and handed from one activist to another, traveling from country to country across the globe: from Iran to Venezuela -- where both countries consider Gene Sharp to be an enemy of the state -- to Serbia; Afghanistan; Vietnam; the former Soviet Union; China; Nepal; and, more recently and notably, Tunisia, Egypt, Yemen, Libya, and Syria, where it has served as a guiding light of the Arab Spring. This short guide to overthrowing a dictatorship by nonviolent means lists 198 specific methods to consider, depending on the circumstances: sit-ins, popular nonobedience, selective strikes, withdrawal of bank deposits, revenue refusal, walkouts, silence, and hunger strikes.

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