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The horse, the wheel, and language : how…
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The horse, the wheel, and language : how bronze-age riders from the… (alkuperäinen julkaisuvuosi 2007; vuoden 2007 painos)

– tekijä: David W. Anthony

JäseniäKirja-arvostelujaSuosituimmuussijaKeskimääräinen arvioMaininnat
7322223,831 (4.08)98
Roughly half the world's population speaks languages derived from a shared linguistic source known as Proto-Indo-European. But who were the early speakers of this ancient mother tongue, and how did they manage to spread it around the globe? Until now their identity has remained a tantalizing mystery to linguists, archaeologists, and even Nazis seeking the roots of the Aryan race. The Horse, the Wheel, and Language lifts the veil that has long shrouded these original Indo-European speakers, and reveals how their domestication of horses and use of the wheel spread language and transformed civilization. Linking prehistoric archaeological remains with the development of language, David Anthony identifies the prehistoric peoples of central Eurasia's steppe grasslands as the original speakers of Proto-Indo-European, and shows how their innovative use of the ox wagon, horseback riding, and the warrior's chariot turned the Eurasian steppes into a thriving transcontinental corridor of communication, commerce, and cultural exchange. He explains how they spread their traditions and gave rise to important advances in copper mining, warfare, and patron-client political institutions, thereby ushering in an era of vibrant social change. Anthony also describes his fascinating discovery of how the wear from bits on ancient horse teeth reveals the origins of horseback riding. The Horse, the Wheel, and Language solves a puzzle that has vexed scholars for two centuries--the source of the Indo-European languages and English--and recovers a magnificent and influential civilization from the past.… (lisätietoja)
Jäsen:KENNERLYDAN
Teoksen nimi:The horse, the wheel, and language : how bronze-age riders from the Eurasian steppes shaped the modern world
Kirjailijat:David W. Anthony
Info:Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, c2007.
Kokoelmat:Oma kirjasto
Arvio (tähdet):*****
Avainsanoja:history, science, academia, non-fiction, high-rating, favorites, asia, reviewed, free-archiv-nocheckout, free-archive-org

Teostiedot

The horse, the wheel and language (tekijä: David W. Anthony) (2007)

  1. 50
    In Search of the Indo-Europeans: Language, Archaeology, and Myth (tekijä: J. P. Mallory) (timspalding)
    timspalding: Same topic, more digestible—and I think enjoyable—presentation.
  2. 40
    Early Riders: The Beginnings of Mounted Warfare in Asia and Europe (tekijä: Robert Drews) (AndreasJ)
    AndreasJ: Anthony and Drews represent, and argue eloquently for, very different views of the importance of riding before the Iron Age.
  3. 10
    The Power of Babel: A Natural History of Language (tekijä: John McWhorter) (timspalding)
  4. 00
    Tykit, taudit ja teräs : ihmisen yhteiskuntien kohtalot (tekijä: Jared Diamond) (tcg17321)
  5. 00
    Empires of the word : a language history of the world (tekijä: Nicholas Ostler) (timspalding)
    timspalding: More fun linguistic "Big History."
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englanti (21)  espanja (1)  Kaikki kielet (22)
Näyttää 1-5 (yhteensä 22) (seuraava | näytä kaikki)
An entertaining read about the Proto-Indo-European language (PIE) and its spread and the influences on it from the invention of the wheel, domestication of the horse and other sources around six thousand years ago. Includes considerable interesting discussion of linguistics and archaelogy. The book has a little more information than I needed (as a layman) about some specifics, such as some details of archaeological sites, but much of that type of data is in chart form and may be quickly scanned. There are good maps and diagrams.

Although the inference of the author that the language may first have been spoken in an area just north of the Black and Caspian Seas (Pontic Steppes) may not be strictly correct*, the discussion and data presented are little at issue, and the book is hardly diminished thereby, even if the inference may prove wrong . The author has done original research on the question of when horses were first ridden, as horse riding had influences quite beyond domestication alone.

PIE-based languages are spoken by more people than is any other language group and include English, German, Celtic, Greek, Italic (Romance), Slavic, Iranian and other language families. The amount of detail that linguistic study has constructed about PIE and the culture that spoke it is remarkable, given that PIE was entirely oral. Archaeology has much to say as well, and together they yield a fascinating insight about peoples long gone.

* A recent sophisticated study (reported September of 2012) based on linguistic connections purports to show, as some experts had previously argued, that PIE spread with farmers from Anatolia (Turkey) at a time beginning about 1500 years before this author places it at the Pontic Steppes. In any case, PIE and the Pontic culture certainly did spread from the steppes, traveling from there to, for example, as far away as northwestern china, though it became extinct there. The recent study may not resolve the issue. The author does treat with the Anatolia theory and explains some of the problems associated with it, acknowledging the Anatolian language as an odd and in some ways archaic relative of the PIE family. ( )
  KENNERLYDAN | Jul 11, 2021 |
A magnum opus: an important but accessible work of academic history clearly establishing the roots of the Proto-Indo European language with an approach that marries linguistics with archeology. ( )
  dsransom | Jun 3, 2021 |
Finally a reasonable and thorough exposition of the story of Indo-European mysteries presented with authority and vision. Highly recommended. ( )
  wickenden | Mar 8, 2021 |
Despite not having any interest in archeology I found this fascinating and am deeply impressed by the ingenuity of research that allows us to learn something about cultures we have so little tangible evidence of. ( )
  Paul_S | Dec 23, 2020 |
What DO I think of it? It is a hefty book, absolutely very interedting, but at this point in time I can't read it. I just seem to be unable to let my brain cooperate with me and let me grasp and digest what I read.
What I did read (6 chapters) was good, but when you need to reread a chapter when in a following chapter a reference is made and you have no idea why or whereto, that's not good. It also takes the fun out of reading.
I therefore decided to stop reading and hand this book to the person who rewuested it.
  BoekenTrol71 | Mar 27, 2018 |
Näyttää 1-5 (yhteensä 22) (seuraava | näytä kaikki)
The Horse, the Wheel, and Language” brings together the work of historical linguists and archaeologists, researchers who have traditionally been suspicious of one another’s methods. Though parts of the book will be penetrable only by scholars, it lays out in intricate detail the complicated genealogy of history’s most successful language.
 
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Roughly half the world's population speaks languages derived from a shared linguistic source known as Proto-Indo-European. But who were the early speakers of this ancient mother tongue, and how did they manage to spread it around the globe? Until now their identity has remained a tantalizing mystery to linguists, archaeologists, and even Nazis seeking the roots of the Aryan race. The Horse, the Wheel, and Language lifts the veil that has long shrouded these original Indo-European speakers, and reveals how their domestication of horses and use of the wheel spread language and transformed civilization. Linking prehistoric archaeological remains with the development of language, David Anthony identifies the prehistoric peoples of central Eurasia's steppe grasslands as the original speakers of Proto-Indo-European, and shows how their innovative use of the ox wagon, horseback riding, and the warrior's chariot turned the Eurasian steppes into a thriving transcontinental corridor of communication, commerce, and cultural exchange. He explains how they spread their traditions and gave rise to important advances in copper mining, warfare, and patron-client political institutions, thereby ushering in an era of vibrant social change. Anthony also describes his fascinating discovery of how the wear from bits on ancient horse teeth reveals the origins of horseback riding. The Horse, the Wheel, and Language solves a puzzle that has vexed scholars for two centuries--the source of the Indo-European languages and English--and recovers a magnificent and influential civilization from the past.

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