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Sankarin tuhannet kasvot (1949)

– tekijä: Joseph Campbell

Muut tekijät: Katso muut tekijät -osio.

JäseniäKirja-arvostelujaSuosituimmuussijaKeskimääräinen arvioMaininnat
7,79458833 (4.09)155
Since its release in 1949, The Hero With a Thousand Faces has influenced millions of readers by combining the insights of moden psychology with Joseph Campbells' revoutionary uderstanding of comparative mythology. In these pages, Campbell outlines the Hero's Journey, a universal motif of adventure and transformation that runs through virtually all of the world's myhtic traditions. He also explores the Cosmogonic Cycle, the mythic pattern of world creation and destruction.… (lisätietoja)
  1. 21
    The Seven Basic Plots: Why We Tell Stories (tekijä: Christopher Booker) (ed.pendragon)
    ed.pendragon: Interesting to contrast Campbell's 'hero monomyth' hypothesis with Booker's Freudian interpretation of how all literature, plays and films can be judged by how they match with his identification of universal plotlines.
  2. 01
    Myths to Live By (tekijä: Joseph Campbell) (Michael.Rimmer)
  3. 13
    Giles Goat-Boy (tekijä: John Barth) (alaskayo)
    alaskayo: Before Lucas, Barth was one of the first writers to intentionally take the formula for what it was: A psychological pattern we're doomed to follow and that just...well, makes sense. Why? Who cares! More overly-intellectual dick-and-fart jokes, please!
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In his 1949 book, The Hero with a Thousand Faces, literary scholar and cultural anthropologist Joseph Campbell outlines his theory of the monomyth through a comparative study of world mythology and folklore using psychological and anthropological methods. In his original preface, Campbell writes, “There are of course differences between the numerous mythologies and religions of mankind, but this is a book about the similarities; and once these are understood the differences will be found to be much less great than is popularly (and politically) supposed” (pg. xiii). He hoped that such a study would help those seeking to support unification and “human mutual understanding” in the immediate postwar and early Cold War years.

Describing the role of mythology in societies across time, Campbell writes, “It has always been the prime function of mythology and rite to supply the symbols that carry the human spirit forward, in counteraction to those constant human fantasies that tend to tie it back” (pg. 7). He continues, “The archetypes to be discovered and assimilated are precisely those that have inspired, throughout the annals of human culture, the basic images of ritual, mythology, and vision” (pg. 14). Laying out the structure of the monomyth – and the hero’s journey – Campbell writes, “A hero ventures forth from the world of common day into a region of supernatural wonder: fabulous forces are there encountered and a decisive victory is won: the hero comes back from this mysterious adventure with the power to bestow boons on his fellow man” (pg. 23). Campbell continues, “There will be found astonishingly little variation in the morphology of the adventure, the character roles involved, the victories gained. If one or another of the basic elements of the archetypal pattern is omitted from a given fairy tale, legend, ritual, or myth, it is bound to be somehow or other implied – and the omission itself can speak volumes for the history and pathology of the example” (pg. 30). In addition to summarizing elements of mythology and folklore from throughout the world, Campbell draws upon Freud, Jung, and psychoanalysis in his examination of the tropes common to the hero’s journey (pg. 219, et al). Though these theories no longer play a large role in contemporary psychology, English and literature scholars continue to draw upon them even now.

Campbell argues, “In the multitude of myths and legends that have been preserved to use, or collected from the ends of the earth, we may yet see delineated something of our still human course” (pg. 87). To that end, he draws out the universal truths that occur throughout the world’s various mythologies and folklore. Campbell writes of the monomyth, “The whole sense of the ubiquitous myth of the hero’s passage is that is shall serve as a general pattern for men and women, wherever they may stand along the scale. Therefore it is formulated in the broadest terms. The individual has only to discover his own position with reference to this general human formula, and let it then assist him past his restricting walls” (pg. 101). He cautions against modern interpretations of mythology that seek to filter it through a modern lens or look for historical fact – Heinrich Schliemann’s discovery of Troy notwithstanding. Campbell writes, “Whenever the poetry of myth is interpreted as biography, history, or science, it is killed. The living images become only remote facts of a distant time or sky… To bring the images back to life, one has to seek, not interesting applications to modern affairs, but illuminating hints from the inspired past. When these are found, vast areas of half-dead iconography disclose again their permanently human meaning” (pg. 213). Campbell describes how real people become myths, writing, “If the deeds of an actual historical figure proclaim him to have been a hero, the builders of his legend will invent for him appropriate adventures in depth” (pg. 176). To use an example from U.S. history, this recalls the mythologizing and apotheosis of George Washington and the invention of stories such as the cherry tree in order to cement Washington’s legacy.

Campbell concludes, “When scrutinized in terms not of what it is but of how it functions, of how it has served mankind in the past, of how it may serve today, mythology shows itself to be as amenable as life itself to the obsessions and requirements of the individual, the race, the age” (pg. 330). To that end, Campbell works both to define mythology as well as its purpose. Even those unfamiliar with The Hero with a Thousand Faces will find the text familiar. Campbell’s work has influenced several storytellers from the mid-twentieth century onward, with George Lucas as the most notable. According to journalist Bill Moyers, Joseph Campbell said that “the best student he ever had was George Lucas.” Elements of the monomyth run through Star Wars for those looking at the story structure. This text is a must-read for those interested in mythology, folklore, and cultural anthropology. ( )
  DarthDeverell | Feb 27, 2021 |
I think maybe I’m just not in the mood for studious type books. At least, that’s the excuse I’m making for not really enjoying this book. Then again it may simply be that we’re all aware of these great themes that so many myths and fictions retell over and over again. Back in 1949 it was all original and new and so of course deserved all that attention. Now? Well the writing style is a little on the ponderous side and I think I’ve read most of these arguments before.

That being said, I’m still glad I read it. I simply don’t have a lot to say about it. ( )
  Fence | Jan 5, 2021 |
There's a reason this book has only retained prominence in the public mind. This is not nearly as original as it appears, and the scholarship has come under heavy and justified criticism. The work itself is also very dated.

I'd give Campbell a pass, but if you did want to read the book just read Part 1. ( )
  xopher | Sep 18, 2020 |
Good intro to the place of the hero in comparative mythology—but Campbell really drank the old-school Freudian Kool-Aid (and seemed to have thought gender roles/assumptions were mostly fixed and just fine), and it's tough to bear. ( )
  KatrinkaV | Dec 28, 2019 |
Librería 5. Estante 1.
  atman2019 | Nov 22, 2019 |
Näyttää 1-5 (yhteensä 58) (seuraava | näytä kaikki)

» Lisää muita tekijöitä (24 mahdollista)

Tekijän nimiRooliTekijän tyyppiKoskeeko teosta?Tila
Joseph Campbellensisijainen tekijäkaikki painoksetcalculated
Braam, Aris J. vanKääntäjämuu tekijäeräät painoksetvahvistettu
Cvetković Sever, VladimirKääntäjämuu tekijäeräät painoksetvahvistettu
Estés, Clarissa PinkolaJohdantomuu tekijäeräät painoksetvahvistettu
Koehne, KarlKääntäjämuu tekijäeräät painoksetvahvistettu
Virrankoski, HannesKääntäjämuu tekijäeräät painoksetvahvistettu
Sinun täytyy kirjautua sisään voidaksesi muokata Yhteistä tietoa
Katso lisäohjeita Common Knowledge -sivuilta (englanniksi).
Kanoninen teoksen nimi
Tiedot englanninkielisestä Yhteisestä tiedosta. Muokkaa kotoistaaksesi se omalle kielellesi.
Alkuteoksen nimi
Teoksen muut nimet
Alkuperäinen julkaisuvuosi
Henkilöt/hahmot
Tiedot englanninkielisestä Yhteisestä tiedosta. Muokkaa kotoistaaksesi se omalle kielellesi.
Tärkeät paikat
Tärkeät tapahtumat
Kirjaan liittyvät elokuvat
Palkinnot ja kunnianosoitukset
Tiedot englanninkielisestä Yhteisestä tiedosta. Muokkaa kotoistaaksesi se omalle kielellesi.
Epigrafi (motto tai mietelause kirjan alussa)
Omistuskirjoitus
Tiedot englanninkielisestä Yhteisestä tiedosta. Muokkaa kotoistaaksesi se omalle kielellesi.
To my father and mother
Ensimmäiset sanat
Tiedot englanninkielisestä Yhteisestä tiedosta. Muokkaa kotoistaaksesi se omalle kielellesi.
PREFACE
"The truths contained in religious doctrines are after all so distorted and systematically disguised," writes Sigmund Freud, "that the mass of humanity cannot recognize them as truth. The case is similar to what happens when we tell a child that new-born babies are brought by the stork. Here, too, we are telling the truth in symbolic clothing, for we know what the large bird signifies. But the child does not know it. ... It is the purpose of the present book to uncover some of the truths disguised for us under the figures of religion and mythology by bringing together a multitude of not-too-difficult examples and letting the ancient meaning become apparent of itself. ... Joseph Campbell, 1948
Whether we listen with aloof amusement to the dreamlike mumbo jumbo of some red-eyed witch doctor of the Congo, or read with cultivated rapture thin translations from the sonnets of the mystic Lao-tse; now and again crack the hard nutshell of an argument of Aquinas, or catch suddenly the shining meaning of a bizarre Eskimo fairy tale: it will be always the one, shape-shifting yet marvelously constant story that we find, together with a challengingly persistent suggestion of more remaining to be experienced than will ever be known or told.
Sitaatit
Viimeiset sanat
Tiedot englanninkielisestä Yhteisestä tiedosta. Muokkaa kotoistaaksesi se omalle kielellesi.
(Napsauta nähdäksesi. Varoitus: voi sisältää juonipaljastuksia)
Erotteluhuomautus
Julkaisutoimittajat
Kirjan kehujat
Alkuteoksen kieli
Tiedot englanninkielisestä Yhteisestä tiedosta. Muokkaa kotoistaaksesi se omalle kielellesi.
Canonical DDC/MDS
Since its release in 1949, The Hero With a Thousand Faces has influenced millions of readers by combining the insights of moden psychology with Joseph Campbells' revoutionary uderstanding of comparative mythology. In these pages, Campbell outlines the Hero's Journey, a universal motif of adventure and transformation that runs through virtually all of the world's myhtic traditions. He also explores the Cosmogonic Cycle, the mythic pattern of world creation and destruction.

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