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Geenin itsekkyys (1976)

– tekijä: Richard Dawkins

Muut tekijät: Katso muut tekijät -osio.

JäseniäKirja-arvostelujaSuosituimmuussijaKeskimääräinen arvioKeskustelut / Maininnat
9,32899584 (4.28)1 / 145
"The Selfish Gene is remarkable in several ways. First published in 1976, aimed at a general audience and written by a then little-known young lecturer in zoology at Oxford University, The Selfish Gene rapidly became highly influential. The important biological work of such figures as W. D. Hamilton and Robert Trivers was introduced to a wider public for the first time. But that was not all. Drawing together the threads of contemporary research in Neo-Darwinism into a powerful vision of the living world viewed through the eyes of genes as the units of selection, it was a significant contribution to biological thought. The full explanatory power of the gene's eye view was presented, in fine non-technical prose, for the first time in one short volume, bringing novel insights to those working in the field and inspiring whole new areas of research. Yet even that is not all. It has been widely acclaimed too for its literary qualities. Here is a book that set a new standard in science writing for the wider public, a modern masterpiece that fresh generations of aspiring young scientists would seek to emulate."--BOOK JACKET.… (lisätietoja)
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englanti (92)  italia (1)  ranska (1)  espanja (1)  hollanti (1)  katalaani (1)  merirosvokieli (1)  heprea (1)  Kaikki kielet (99)
Näyttää 1-5 (yhteensä 99) (seuraava | näytä kaikki)
This book was important in providing insight into evolutionary understanding of the gene. I found it interesting and educational but tedious at times. I have read other books by Dawkins and preferred the others as more direct. This book is valuable as a historical account of the origin of several important ideas. I modestly recommend this book. ( )
  GlennBell | Dec 28, 2020 |
I liked it, but I think most of the book has made it into contemporary culture; I found myself not learning as many things from it as I expected to. ( )
  isovector | Dec 13, 2020 |
this shit is the only science that has ever interested me in my whole life ( )
  ncharlt1 | Oct 11, 2020 |
I registered this book at BookCrossing.com!
http://www.BookCrossing.com/journal/14147557

I had this book on my wishlist for some time. Every now and then I would read something that was derogatory about the book and I would think maybe it's out of date or off somehow. So I put off getting and reading it. But a group I belong to set it for a book discussion and I decided now's the time.

Dawkins is remarkable in how he can convey complex biological information to the lay reader. So you could think he is nothing more than a science populizer. That would be plenty, of course, as we need those. But he's more. He doesn't just explain concepts; he synthesizes work by others into a new whole.

The Selfish Gene, originally written in 1976, spells out Dawkins' theme about natural selection: it is driven by the gene. However, he gives a definition of "gene" that may not coincide with that of others. Originated by G. C. Williams, he defines it as "any portion of chromosomal material that potentially lasts for enough generations to serve as a unit of natural selection." He further says "I am using the word gene to mean a genetic unit that is small enough to last for a large number of generations and to be distributed around in the form of many copies". It is deliberately vague.

In this book he answers many questions about natural selection, from how altruism evolves to how the concept of replication can be extended beyond the body ("vehicle") that protects the gene (the "extended phenotype").

Dawkins is careful to emphasize that genes do what they do through natural selection. They don't "want" or "need". Everything about life can be explained by evolution, although of course some specific answers have not yet been worked out.

Dawkins also spends time on why he uses the word "selfish", which connotes a deliberate self-interested consciousness. Successful genes are those that succeed in replicating themselves. Their actions always serve themselves and their copies. In this sense they are of course selfish, but that does not mean that they cannot cooperate with other genes or even cause their hosts to engage in altruistic behavior. There is nothing contradictory about selfish genes and altruism; that altruism serves to extend the life of the gene - by which is meant the further replication of that gene for many generations.

It seems that those who have attacked this book generally are those who did not read it, or somehow misunderstood it, as well as those whose beliefs required that they reject any thinking favoring the solid theory of evolution.

In this book Dawkins defines a new type of replication specifically related to humans that he calles "memes", based on cultural replication. The world over now thinks of memes as those pithy word-images popular on Facebook, but the word is meant to go beyond that.

Well worth reading. It took me several days, and I did not read all of the notes. Although not to be rushed, it is a book easily understood by those who want to understand evolution.
---
The 40th anniversay edition adds chapters plus a new 'afterword' that brings us up to date with newer advances in genetics. It is a substantially larger book than the original. ( )
  slojudy | Sep 8, 2020 |
I bought this book because I'm fascinated by the idea of evolution - I mean, at first glance it appears utterly preposterous, right? So I wanted to take a closer look. I started by reading The Origin of Species (Darwin, of course). That was well worth-while but clearly his theory was wrong, for many reasons, most of which are given in the book, by Darwin himself. The key problem for Darwin was that whilst he knew there had to be some kind of inheritance of characteristics, he had no idea what the mechanism was. Genetics came to the rescue of evolutionary theories by providing such a mechanism. OK - so now I had to find out what a modern theory of evolution looked like. I read Niles Eldredge's Re-inventing Darwin, which turned out to be a book making a counter-case to ideas proposed by Dawkins. I found it pretty convincing, but then I hadn't read any Dawkins. It didn't really provide what I was looking for, anyway; the book doesn't set out a complete theory of evolution, instead it takes an academic debate into the popular science arena. Much time goes by and I end up with Gould's last collection of essays. It turns out that he was strongly opposed to many of Dawkins' ideas, too - but that book only gave a sketch of a theory, in two essays. Time to actually read some Dawkins, then and give the guy a fair hearing. I picked up his most famous book and found that I'd made another blunder; The Selfish Gene is about the evolution of altruism! Basically it's about animal behaviour. Fer goodness' sake; I might have to start reading the blurb before I buy books on evolution!

THIS REVIEW HAS BEEN CURTAILED IN PROTEST AT GOODREADS' CENSORSHIP POLICY

See the complete review here:

http://arbieroo.booklikes.com/post/335005/post ( )
  Arbieroo | Jul 17, 2020 |
Näyttää 1-5 (yhteensä 99) (seuraava | näytä kaikki)
ei arvosteluja | lisää arvostelu

» Lisää muita tekijöitä (71 mahdollista)

Tekijän nimiRooliTekijän tyyppiKoskeeko teosta?Tila
Dawkins, Richardensisijainen tekijäkaikki painoksetvahvistettu
Ferreira, Karin de SousaKääntäjämuu tekijäeräät painoksetvahvistettu
Huizen, Peter vanKääntäjämuu tekijäeräät painoksetvahvistettu
Pietiläinen, KimmoKääntäjämuu tekijäeräät painoksetvahvistettu
Scheepmaker, HennyKääntäjämuu tekijäeräät painoksetvahvistettu
Ward, LallaKertojamuu tekijäeräät painoksetvahvistettu

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"The Selfish Gene is remarkable in several ways. First published in 1976, aimed at a general audience and written by a then little-known young lecturer in zoology at Oxford University, The Selfish Gene rapidly became highly influential. The important biological work of such figures as W. D. Hamilton and Robert Trivers was introduced to a wider public for the first time. But that was not all. Drawing together the threads of contemporary research in Neo-Darwinism into a powerful vision of the living world viewed through the eyes of genes as the units of selection, it was a significant contribution to biological thought. The full explanatory power of the gene's eye view was presented, in fine non-technical prose, for the first time in one short volume, bringing novel insights to those working in the field and inspiring whole new areas of research. Yet even that is not all. It has been widely acclaimed too for its literary qualities. Here is a book that set a new standard in science writing for the wider public, a modern masterpiece that fresh generations of aspiring young scientists would seek to emulate."--BOOK JACKET.

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