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Seven Fallen Feathers: Racism, Death, and…
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Seven Fallen Feathers: Racism, Death, and Hard Truths in a Northern City (alkuperäinen julkaisuvuosi 2017; vuoden 2017 painos)

– tekijä: Tanya Talaga (Tekijä)

JäseniäKirja-arvostelujaSuosituimmuussijaKeskimääräinen arvioMaininnat
216796,582 (4.32)32
"Over the span of ten years, seven high school students died in Thunder Bay, Ontario. The seven were hundreds of miles away from their families, forced to leave their reserve because there was no high school there for them to attend. Award-winning journalist Tanya Talaga delves into the history of this northern city that has come to manifest, and struggle with, human rights violations past and present against aboriginal communities."--… (lisätietoja)
Jäsen:ChristopherCutler
Teoksen nimi:Seven Fallen Feathers: Racism, Death, and Hard Truths in a Northern City
Kirjailijat:Tanya Talaga (Tekijä)
Info:House of Anansi Press (2017), Edition: Later Printing, 304 pages
Kokoelmat:Oma kirjasto
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Seven Fallen Feathers: Racism, Death, and Hard Truths in a Northern City (tekijä: Tanya Talaga) (2017)

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Näyttää 1-5 (yhteensä 7) (seuraava | näytä kaikki)
I would never have read this book if a friend hadn't recommended it, and I'm very glad I did. The book description says it's about the deaths of 7 First Nations students in Thunder Bay, but it's not a true crime story at all, and it's about so much more than their deaths. It's the story of those 7 children, and how their lives and deaths were the product of history and institutional failures that continue to the present day. Residential schools traumatized First Nations communities in Ontario (and across Canada), and the government has failed to provide an appropriate and equal education on reserves today--leading to the unprepared teens being sent off to Thunder Bay because they lack an alternative closer to home.

This is not a dispassionate book. Talaga is herself First Nations and her goal here is to amplify the voices and the stories of the communities of Northern Ontario--to discuss the racism they faced and still face. But this isn't a tale of passive victimhood. The individual children were, but the community is not passive. They are fighting for agency and equality from the Canadian government. Not only is the story compelling, but it's beautifully and sensitively written.

In the US, we tend to hear a lot less about anti-Native racism--especially on the East Coast, where I'm from--because anti black racism has been so dominant. But I have to mention that our own history and present, while different in specifics, has been no better. ( )
  arosoff | Jul 11, 2021 |
This book tells the stories of seven Indigenous youths who died in tragic and unusual circumstances while attending high school in Thunder Bay, Ontario. They’d had to travel hundreds of kilometres from home to attend school, often living with families not their own, and having to make their way in a city that could be actively hostile toward Indigenous people. This book tells their stories and goes even further back, to families scarred and traumatized by the Canadian government’s programme of residential schools and chronic underfunding of reserves, preventing today’s Indigenous youth from realizing their full potential.

This book is heartbreaking and harrowing. How can people be so cruel and thoughtless? And what will it take for the Canadian government to pull its finger out and actually give Indigenous groups the funding they need to maintain schools closer to home, and um, maybe actually have clean drinking water and indoor plumbing? Canada has failed and continues to fail the Indigenous peoples, and it is shameful.

Talaga has told these stories with sensitivity and respect, and they deserve to be heard. Every Canadian needs to read this, and most importantly, needs to work to change things. ( )
  rabbitprincess | Apr 10, 2020 |
As I write this review, the residents of Kashechewan First Nation are being evacuated in what has become an annual ritual. Promises to relocate the community have again come to naught. This situation emphasizes how we do not treat our Indigenous people as equals; were it a white community of 2,500 people which was evacuated every spring, something would have been done to spare people the trauma of evacuations and disrupted schooling for children.

It is the education of Indigenous children that is a central issue in this book. Between 2000 and 2011, seven Indigenous children died in Thunder Bay. They had to leave their isolated home communities to pursue education. The author tells the stories of each of the seven; their movements before their deaths are detailed. What is not detailed is the police work because, in all cases, police searches for the missing and investigations after a body was discovered were cursory. (In fact, in December of 2018, after the publication of this book, Ontario's police watchdog reported finding systemic racism in the Thunder Bay Police Service and revealed deficiencies in how the local force investigated the deaths and disappearances of Indigenous people.)

The author focuses on the failure of government to properly address the education needs of Indigenous children. Besides describing the current situation, she gives a brief history of residential schools which she shows to be an act of cultural genocide. Teenagers are still required to leave their home communities for an education; in an alien environment, they become vulnerable. The author argues that there must have been foul play in the deaths in Thunder Bay, that systemic racism led to whites preying on vulnerable Indigenous youth.

The treatment of our Indigenous people is an important subject; the stories of these seven children need to be told. Canadians need to educate themselves and become activists to ensure that Indigenous people are treated as equal citizens. Unfortunately, I don’t think the writing in this book does justice to the vital importance of its subject matter. The author is a journalist so I expected stronger writing and I found myself increasingly frustrated as I read.

The author has a definite bias. Having an opinion is unavoidable but I hoped that, as befits a professional journalist, there would have been some attempt to present a balanced view. Even if readers were given a less one-sided perspective, they would still have seen “the racism, police indifference, bureaucratic ineptitude, lateral violence.” The author’s bias against non-Indigenous people, presumably the book’s target audience, will alienate some readers. To suggest, even indirectly, that all Indigenous people are good and all non-Indigenous are bad is to be unjust to all.

For instance, it is emphasized that the staff at Dennis Franklin Cromarty High School (“Indigenous run and directed, and staffed with Indigenous teachers”) is exceptional: “Everyone on staff – from the teachers to the office workers to the Elders and the custodial staff – pitched in to look after the kids” (101). This evaluation is even repeated: “They knew they weren’t just teachers or receptionists or janitors; they were also caring for the nearly 150 kids enrolled at the school . . . DFC staff did everything they could to be parents to their students” (255). However when an inquest directed 25 recommendations to the Nishnawbe Aski Nation, these are never outlined; the reader is only told that all recommendations have been addressed “as far as their capacity allows” (312). An Indigenous support worker/ boarding parent leaves an inebriated young girl lying on a hallway floor without keeping close watch and that girl dies, yet the boarding parent is not considered negligent (189)?

There are contradictions concerning boarding parents. At the beginning, the author explains that “Boarding parents were given $500 a student, every month, to cover living expenses such as the roof over their head, snacks, and dinner. The ‘parents’ were under no obligation to supervise the kids at night, eat meals with them, help them with their homework, or take them to any after-school activities” (27). Fifty pages later, there’s a different explanation: Boarding parents “need to ‘be responsible for the welfare and conduct of students while he or she is in your care.’ They need to discuss and set up ‘reasonable patterns of conduct and discipline with the students regarding meal times, curfews, access to the kitchen, telephone,’ and they are instructed to ‘treat the students as your own children and include them in as many family and social activities as possible’” (97). And the Northern Nishnawbe Education Council thoroughly investigates prospective boarding parents?

The book needs revision and editing. For example, why is the same information repeated again and again, often within a few pages? For example, “Rhoda King, Reggie Bushie’s mother, was told that her son was missing three days after he had disappeared” (208) is followed by “In fact, Rhoda King, Reggie and Ricki’s mother, did not know that Reggie was missing until October 29 – three days after he was last seen” (212) which is followed by “She had not been informed by authorities or the school that her son had disappeared until three days after he was last seen down by the McIntyre River” (226).

There are unnecessary details. Why describe the area around the Air Canada Centre (49)? Do we need to know that searchers “went to Walmart to unwind and then grabbed something to eat at McDonald’s” (38)? At times, it seems that the author feels she has to include and explain everything, yet at other times, information is missing. For example, the painting on the cover is explained, but not completely (301). I had never heard about the starvation experiments at residential schools (73), but they are mentioned only in passing.

Poor organization sometimes has the reader shaking his/her head: the author explains how Norval Morrisseau met his wife and names his children and then launches into a description of his childhood (244-245). Who can follow this: “Coroners believe Kyle died of drowning. They also noted Kyle consumed alcohol before he died and that while it was a contributing factor to his death, it wasn’t the cause. [Kyle’s father] was full of rage. ‘I was fucking mad.’” (263)?

Some statements make little sense. “It is an old [Pikangikum First Nation] tradition to bury your dead in your front yard” (135)? “[Elder Sam Achneepineskum’s] wisdom comes from the ten thousand lives he has lived” (275)? “The rest [of the rivers] flow south to the Great Lakes and the urban centres that malignantly pock the turtle’s shell” (54)? Yes, I understand that Turtle Island refers to North America, but every city is a malignancy? So why would the author bemoan that “There was no McDonald’s or local shopping mall [in Pikangikum] and there still isn’t” (138)?

Sentences are choppy and clunky: “Norma spent the next several minutes pacing the halls. Rhoda and Berenson King arrived and they went directly to the Elders’ room. Norma paced in front of the room until she saw Alvin walking down the hallway with the chief. She stopped him and asked if they had found Reggie. He said they had. She warned Alvin that the parents had arrived and were in the Elders’ room. She told him she was going to find a more private room . . . They found an empty office . . . Norma was turning to leave when she ran into Josias. She asked him to sit with the others in the Elders’ room” (224-225).

What’s with the diction and clichés? For example, “People often threw eggs at him from moving cars or would holler Hollywood-style Indian war cries” (166) and “But it all came crashing down again in the 1980s, when he hit the bottle hard and burned through his money” (246).

I feel as if it is wrong to criticize a book that discusses such an important subject, one which Canadians must face. However, I have to be honest and state that I wish the writing were of much better quality so the reader can focus on the information and is not frustratingly distracted by the poor style.

Note: Please check out my reader's blog (https://schatjesshelves.blogspot.com/) and follow me on Twitter (@DCYakabuski). ( )
  Schatje | Apr 25, 2019 |
RGG: Important, intense story. Although, the chapters read more as a series of articles rather than a cohesive book. Reading Interest: Adult
  rgruberhighschool | Feb 19, 2019 |
This was not an easy book to listen to but it is certainly an important book. Canadians all know that how the original people of the land were treated by those who came after was shameful and racist and violent. However, I think that most of us think we are treating our indigenous peoples better this day. This book, which details the deaths of seven indigenous students who were attending high school in Thunder Bay in the 21st century, shows that not much has changed.

Thunder Bay Ontario has a separate school for indigenous youth from reservations in North West Ontario to attend high school. All of the teachers are indigenous, there are elders present for guidance during the school day, counsellors are assigned to each student and each student is boarded with a family in Thunder Bay so this is not a residential school. There are very few reservations with schools going up to Grade 13 so for those indigenous youth who want to pursue higher education they have to leave home. They are of course homesick but also entranced by the attractions of the big city which includes alcohol and drugs. The high school has a van staffed by counsellors who drive the streets at night looking for their students who might be out late and may be intoxicated or in some other kind of trouble. If a student violates curfew or is found intoxicated they must sign a form accepting responsibility and agreeing to refrain from getting into trouble. There is usually some form of punishment such as writing an essay or taking special classes. The ultimate sanction is to suspend the student and send them home. For some students this may work but all seven of the students who died had run afoul of the authorities at least once prior to their death. Most of the bodies were found in one of the rivers in Thunder Bay and the police determined that these deaths were not suspicious. However, the author and others think that it is unlikely these students would have drowned unless there was some other factor because all of them came from reserves where they lived close to water. One boy whose brother was lost in this manner had been with him on the bank of the river and then the next thing he knew he was under the water and had a very sore back. When his brother's body was recovered he also sported a significant bruise on his back. Another man narrowly missed dying after he was attacked by some white men who hit him and called him names and then dumped him in the river. It seems pretty clear that there was some gang of racists who were targeting young indigenous students but the Thunder Bay Police never charged anyone. The other deaths that did not involve drowning are equally mysterious but proper investigations were not done at the time so it is unclear why one student suddenly collapsed and died. I am pretty sure that if a white student living away from home had died suddenly there would have been a thorough examination and an inquest. Instead it took seven deaths and ten years for an inquest to look into these deaths. So not much has changed from the bad old days. ( )
  gypsysmom | Nov 15, 2018 |
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Englanninkielinen Wikipedia

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"Over the span of ten years, seven high school students died in Thunder Bay, Ontario. The seven were hundreds of miles away from their families, forced to leave their reserve because there was no high school there for them to attend. Award-winning journalist Tanya Talaga delves into the history of this northern city that has come to manifest, and struggle with, human rights violations past and present against aboriginal communities."--

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