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Iron Curtain: The Crushing of Eastern Europe, 1944-1956

Tekijä: Anne Applebaum

Muut tekijät: Katso muut tekijät -osio.

JäseniäKirja-arvostelujaSuosituimmuussijaKeskimääräinen arvioMaininnat
1,3742613,801 (4.09)72
History. Nonfiction. HTML:

In the long-awaited follow-up to her Pulitzer Prize-winning Gulag, acclaimed journalist Anne Applebaum delivers a groundbreaking history of how Communism took over Eastern Europe after World War II and transformed in frightening fashion the individuals who came under its sway.

At the end of World War II, the Soviet Union to its surprise and delight found itself in control of a huge swath of territory in Eastern Europe. Stalin and his secret police set out to convert a dozen radically different countries to Communism, a completely new political and moral system. In Iron Curtain, Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Anne Applebaum describes how the Communist regimes of Eastern Europe were created and what daily life was like once they were complete. She draws on newly opened East European archives, interviews, and personal accounts translated for the first time to portray in devastating detail the dilemmas faced by millions of individuals trying to adjust to a way of life that challenged their every belief and took away everything they had accumulated. Today the Soviet Bloc is a lost civilization, one whose cruelty, paranoia, bizarre morality, and strange aesthetics Applebaum captures in the electrifying pages of Iron Curtain.

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» Katso myös 72 mainintaa

englanti (23)  espanja (1)  portugali (1)  ranska (1)  Kaikki kielet (26)
Näyttää 1-5 (yhteensä 26) (seuraava | näytä kaikki)
Appelbaum dissects the way that civil society in Eastern Europe was eradicated in the years following WWII, and replaced by a monolithic, state-run apparatus that controlled all aspects of peoples' lives. In her epilogue, she uses the example of the reemergence of the Polish Women's League in Lodz to show how freedom and democracy require groups such as these - non-profit advocacy groups that are dedicated to accomplishing what the state cannot. Appelbaum aptly points out that the Russian government still persecutes many of these groups within their own country.

What was most shocking to me was the way that the Red Army and the Soviet government treated potential allies in the Polish Home Army, and other anti-Nazi leftists. Some of the concentration camps used in the Holocaust were reused to imprison political dissidents. Some people who were liberated from concentration camps were then sent to the Gulag for not being "politically correct". The communist project in Eastern Europe might have been more successful if they had not sown such bitter seeds at the beginning. ( )
  jonbrammer | Jul 1, 2023 |
Al final de la segunda guerra mundial la Unión Soviética controlaba una inmensa extensión de territorio en Europa oriental. Stalin y su policía secreta emprendieron la conversión de doce países radicalmente diferentes a un sistema político y moral totalmente nuevo: el comunismo. La premiada historiadora Anne Applebaum (autora de Gulag, que obtuvo el premio Pulitzer) presenta en El telón de acero la obra definitiva sobre cómo se dividió Europa y cómo era la vida al otro lado. Applebaum describe con pavoroso detalle cómo los partidos políticos, la iglesia, los medios, las organizaciones juveniles, en suma, todas la instituciones de la sociedad civil, fueron rápidamente desmembradas. Explica cómo se organizó la policía secreta y cómo todas las formas de oposición fueron atacadas y destruidas. A partir de documentos inaccesibles hasta hace poco y fuentes desconocidas en occidente, Applebaum sigue la táctica comunista en su camino al poder, las amenazas, los abusos y los asesinatos. También narra historias individuales para mostrar las opciones que se presentaban a la gente: luchar, huir o colaborar. En un periodo de tiempo asombrosamente breve, Europa oriental fue estalinizada por completo. El telón de acero es la deslumbrante historia de un periodo brutal y un preocupante recordatorio de cuán frágiles son las sociedades libres.
  Natt90 | Jul 20, 2022 |
Got to page ~200 after two weeks. This was a good read-myself-to-sleep book. I learned a lot about how much the Soviet communists sucked 1944-1946, but at some point, the thrust of information felt directionless. I gave up.
  Gadi_Cohen | Sep 22, 2021 |
This book begins with the Yalta Conference and ends with the Hungarian Uprising. And tells the story of how Stalin and his secret police chief Beria set out to convert a dozen very different easter European countries to communism. Applebaum describes in frightening detail how the lives of people in these countries was turned upside down when the new ruling regimes challenged every belief they held and took away almost everything they had accumulated.

The Soviet bloc collapsed 32 years ago so Applebaum’s picture of this lost civilization that was governed through cruelty, paranoia, bizarre morality, and strange aesthetics is riveting. ( )
  etxgardener | Aug 15, 2021 |
A história da vida por trás da Cortina de Ferro, de Anne Applebaum.
Depois da derrota dos Nazis em 1945, os povos da Europa Central e de Leste esperavam recuperar a vida que levavam antes de 1939. No entanto, viram-se submetidos a uma tirania tão desumana quanto aquela à qual tinham acabado de escapar. Este livro explica como o Comunismo foi imposto nestas sociedades outrora democráticas na década que se seguiu ao fim da Segunda Guerra Mundial. Applebaum descreve, com pormenores sóbrios mas devastadores, como é que os partidos políticos, a Igreja, os meios de comunicação social, as associações de jovens – as instituições da sociedade civil a todos os níveis – foram rapidamente esventradas. Apoiando-se em novo material de arquivo e em inúmeras fontes, Anne Applebaum segue as táticas dos comunistas à medida que abriam caminho para o poder através de violência, ameaças e assassínios, ao mesmo tempo que conta histórias de vidas particulares para demonstrar a rapidez com que as pessoas tinham de escolher entre lutar, fugir ou colaborar.
Num espaço de tempo incrivelmente curto após ao fim da guerra, a Europa de Leste foi estalinizada de forma implacável. "A Cortina de Ferro" é um brilhante relato histórico de um período marcante da história da Europa, mas também uma advertência sobre o quão frágeis são as sociedades livres e quão vulneráveis podem ser ao ataque de inimigos determinados e sem escrúpulos.
  LuisFragaSilva | Nov 8, 2020 |
Näyttää 1-5 (yhteensä 26) (seuraava | näytä kaikki)
Anne Applebaum, Iron Curtain: The Crushing of Eastern Europe, 1944-1956 (2012). Applebaum’s tour-de-force describes how the Iron Curtain descended on Eastern Europe. What distinguishes her writing is that she goes beyond describing how Josef Stalin succeeded in imposing his domination over Eastern Europe to describe the lives of ordinary people suddenly forced to live under Soviet rule.
 
The Polish story is the heart of Anne Applebaum’s remarkable book, “Iron Curtain: The Crushing of Eastern Europe” (Doubleday), a book that reanimates a world that was largely hidden from Western eyes, and that many people who lived and suffered in it would prefer to forget.

 
Applebaum writes movingly and with insight into the “tiny compromises” made by ordinary people, not to say the terrors they faced. She uses the stories of everyday life, gleaned from a huge range of sources and interviews, to show how tyranny insinuates itself into societies and how people learnt to survive. Applebaum takes us into the dark heart of totalitarianism.
 
In her relentless quest for understanding, Applebaum shines light into forgotten worlds of human hope, suffering and dignity. Those who know little of Europe behind the Iron Curtain will find themselves edified; those who know much will learn much more. Others have told us of the politics of this time. Applebaum does that but also shows what politics meant to people’s lives, in an era when the state did more to shape individual destinies than at any time in history.
 
A Russian woman who visited East Germany in 1986 on a Soviet school trip described to me recently how their East German official hosts explained the Berlin wall as a necessary defence against the hordes of West Germans who wished to storm into East Germany to escape West German economic misery and join in East Germany's success. And she and her 13-year-old Soviet friends had at the time no reason to doubt this, never in their lives having been told anything different. The eventual complete collapse of communism in eastern Europe has naturally tended to focus subsequent attention on its shambolic and incompetent aspects; but its effectiveness as a system of thought control should not be underestimated......
lisäsi marq | muokkaaThe Guardian, Anatol Lieven (Oct 26, 2012)
 

» Lisää muita tekijöitä (14 mahdollista)

Tekijän nimiRooliTekijän tyyppiKoskeeko teosta?Tila
Applebaum, Anneensisijainen tekijäkaikki painoksetvahvistettu
Campbell, CassandraKertojamuu tekijäeräät painoksetvahvistettu
Dauzat, Pierre-EmmanuelKääntäjämuu tekijäeräät painoksetvahvistettu
Eklöf, MargaretaKääntäjämuu tekijäeräät painoksetvahvistettu

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The loss of freedeom, tyranny, abuse, hunger would all have been easier to bear if not for the compulsion to call them freedom, justice, the good of the people . . . Lies, by their very nature partial and ephemeral, are revealed as lies when confronted with language's striving for truth. But here all the means of disclosure had been permanently confiscated by the police.
- Aleksander Wat, My Century
Individuals need not believe all these mystifications, but they must behave as though they did, or they must at least tolerate them in silence, or get along well with those who work with them. For this reason, however, they must live within a lie. - Vaclav Havel, "The Power of the Powerless
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This book is dedicated to those Eastern Europeans who refused to live within a lie.
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(Introduction) Among many other things, the year 1945 marked one of the most extraordinary population movements in European history.
Explosions echoed throughout the night, and artillery fire could be heard throughout the day.
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History. Nonfiction. HTML:

In the long-awaited follow-up to her Pulitzer Prize-winning Gulag, acclaimed journalist Anne Applebaum delivers a groundbreaking history of how Communism took over Eastern Europe after World War II and transformed in frightening fashion the individuals who came under its sway.

At the end of World War II, the Soviet Union to its surprise and delight found itself in control of a huge swath of territory in Eastern Europe. Stalin and his secret police set out to convert a dozen radically different countries to Communism, a completely new political and moral system. In Iron Curtain, Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Anne Applebaum describes how the Communist regimes of Eastern Europe were created and what daily life was like once they were complete. She draws on newly opened East European archives, interviews, and personal accounts translated for the first time to portray in devastating detail the dilemmas faced by millions of individuals trying to adjust to a way of life that challenged their every belief and took away everything they had accumulated. Today the Soviet Bloc is a lost civilization, one whose cruelty, paranoia, bizarre morality, and strange aesthetics Applebaum captures in the electrifying pages of Iron Curtain.

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