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The diversity of life – tekijä: Edward O.…
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The diversity of life (alkuperäinen julkaisuvuosi 1992; vuoden 1992 painos)

– tekijä: Edward O. Wilson

JäseniäKirja-arvostelujaSuosituimmuussijaKeskimääräinen arvioMaininnat
1,512158,883 (4.02)27
"In the Amazon Basin the greatest violence sometimes begins as a flicker of light beyond the horizon. There in the perfect bowl of the night sky, untouched by light from any human source, a thunderstorm sends its premonitory signal and begins a slow journey to the observer, who thinks: the world is about to change." Watching from the edge of the Brazilian rain forest, witness to the sort of violence nature visits upon its creatures, Edward O. Wilson reflects on the crucible of evolution, and so begins his remarkable account of how the living world became diverse and how humans are destroying that diversity. Wilson, internationally regarded as the dean of biodiversity studies, conducts us on a tour through time, traces the processes that create new species in bursts of adaptive radiation, and points out the cataclysmic events that have disrupted evolution and diminished global diversity over the past 600 million years. The five enormous natural blows to the planet (such as meteorite strikes and climatic changes) required 10 to 100 million years of evolutionary repair. The sixth great spasm of extinction on earth--caused this time entirely by humans--may be the one that breaks the crucible of life. Wilson identifies this crisis in countless ecosystems around the globe: coral reefs, grasslands, rain forests, and other natural habitats. Drawing on a variety of examples such as the decline of bird populations in the United States, the extinction of many species of freshwater fish in Africa and Asia, and the rapid disappearance of flora and fauna as the rain forests are cut down, he poignantly describes the death throes of the living world's diversity--projected to decline as much as 20 percent by the year 2020. All evidence marshaled here resonates through Wilson's tightly reasoned call for a spirit of stewardship over the world's biological wealth. He makes a plea for specific actions that will enhance rather than diminish not just diversity but the quality of life on earth. Cutting through the tangle of environmental issues that often obscure the real concern, Wilson maintains that the era of confrontation between forces for the preservation of nature and those for economic development is over; he convincingly drives home the point that both aims can, and must, be integrated. Unparalleled in its range and depth, Wilson's masterwork is essential reading for those who care about preserving the world biological variety and ensuring our planet's health.… (lisätietoja)
Jäsen:bltjna11
Teoksen nimi:The diversity of life
Kirjailijat:Edward O. Wilson
Info:Cambridge, Mass. : Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1992.
Kokoelmat:Books I own
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» Katso myös 27 mainintaa

englanti (14)  ruotsi (1)  Kaikki kielet (15)
Näyttää 1-5 (yhteensä 15) (seuraava | näytä kaikki)
It has been a good while since I read this book, a must read in any naturalist's study, and there are many reviews that give the potential reader an idea of its content. Thus here, I'm only opining about its significance.

Reading offers two paths in our journey through life. One is in strictly entertaining, even in escaping the troubling reality of our being, and the other is in broadening our horizons of reality in caring about the future — not only our future, but that of our progeny and our extended family of all physical life.

Such needn't be an either-or choice, as in combining there is to be found the mental balancing that enriches our individual umwelt. This book is an important read in paving our life path. ( )
  LGCullens | Jun 1, 2021 |
Lots of interesting examples of strange species, with an argument that shows not only how special each species is, known or unknown, but also how important it is to keep them all together within their ecosystems, essentially showing that each ecosystem is a living organism without which we humans will not survive. ( )
  WiebkeK | Jan 21, 2021 |
Very articulate accounts of a wide breadth of topics, including: adaptive radiation, total biosphere coverage, species packing ecology, and chemical prospecting. The diversity of possible experiences and interactions with an ecosystem produce a combinatorial explosion of species, but it is staggering to think how few we actually know about. Wilson continually expresses the urgency of ecosystem and biodiversity preservation with well reasoned arguments and diverse data. ( )
  albertgoldfain | Apr 16, 2016 |
The Diversity of Life turned out to be a quick and, for me, fascinating read. While Wilson doesn't oversimplify the science, his book should be accessible to most people and it is well illustrated with drawings, maps, color plates, and graphs. From the first chapter the author tells us that the rate of species extinction has reached very high levels. Later, Wilson shows how humans are causing most of these extinctions and that we need to address this if we want our descendents to enjoy a biologically diverse world. Although written about 25 years ago this book is still timely in its cry for preserving the richness of the biosphere. Recommended.
  hailelib | Apr 13, 2016 |
Somehow failed to inspire. It is quite dense, and I suppose I was hoping all the dull statistical arguments could be walled off from the general theses a bit more. He might have used his personal anecdotes a bit more too - the one he begins with is quite compelling, and helps to metaphorize the whole subject. Finally, it doubtless should be updated, 15 years further down the line of the anthropogenic Sixth Extinction.

Wilson is at least somewhat less reductive than Dawkins, with whom he has been feuding, apparently, because he believes that the survival of particular genetic material is not enough to explain the existence of biodiversity, or the mechanisms of evolution that produce it. His sociobiological approach is welcome. But not his social Darwinism. He doesn’t appear to see the paradox in his view of modern humans as somehow the summit of natural selection and at the same time the greatest destructive force evolution has produced. What sort of progress is that?

He is apparently also a subscriber to the "zombie consciousness" view of the human mind, which shows he hasn't been paying close enough attention to neuroscience, and shouldn't be basing whole books (not this one) about what and why humans are on that approach. It's also contradictory to believe that a creature that sees itself primarily as a machine would put much stock in preserving the living world. This from the man who has been passionate about the need to preserve biodiversity by any means necessary, and gave us the term "biophilia" to describe ourselves. Disappointing. ( )
1 ääni CSRodgers | Dec 22, 2015 |
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» Lisää muita tekijöitä (1 mahdollinen)

Tekijän nimiRooliTekijän tyyppiKoskeeko teosta?Tila
Edward O. Wilsonensisijainen tekijäkaikki painoksetcalculated
Lakmaker, FiekeKääntäjämuu tekijäeräät painoksetvahvistettu
Pietiläinen, KimmoKääntäjämuu tekijäeräät painoksetvahvistettu
Ros, JoandomènecKääntäjämuu tekijäeräät painoksetvahvistettu
Sjöberg, FredrikKääntäjämuu tekijäeräät painoksetvahvistettu
Wright, Amy BartlettKuvittajamuu tekijäeräät painoksetvahvistettu

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Alkuperäinen julkaisuvuosi
Henkilöt/hahmot
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Tiedot englanninkielisestä Yhteisestä tiedosta. Muokkaa kotoistaaksesi se omalle kielellesi.
Epigrafi (motto tai mietelause kirjan alussa)
Omistuskirjoitus
Äidilleni Inez Linnette Huddlestonille
rakkaudella ja kiitollisuudella.
Ensimmäiset sanat
Amazonin alueen rajuimmat ilmiöt alkavat toisinaan taivaanrannan tuolla puolen lepattavana valona.
Sitaatit
Viimeiset sanat
(Napsauta nähdäksesi. Varoitus: voi sisältää juonipaljastuksia)
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Englanninkielinen Wikipedia (1)

"In the Amazon Basin the greatest violence sometimes begins as a flicker of light beyond the horizon. There in the perfect bowl of the night sky, untouched by light from any human source, a thunderstorm sends its premonitory signal and begins a slow journey to the observer, who thinks: the world is about to change." Watching from the edge of the Brazilian rain forest, witness to the sort of violence nature visits upon its creatures, Edward O. Wilson reflects on the crucible of evolution, and so begins his remarkable account of how the living world became diverse and how humans are destroying that diversity. Wilson, internationally regarded as the dean of biodiversity studies, conducts us on a tour through time, traces the processes that create new species in bursts of adaptive radiation, and points out the cataclysmic events that have disrupted evolution and diminished global diversity over the past 600 million years. The five enormous natural blows to the planet (such as meteorite strikes and climatic changes) required 10 to 100 million years of evolutionary repair. The sixth great spasm of extinction on earth--caused this time entirely by humans--may be the one that breaks the crucible of life. Wilson identifies this crisis in countless ecosystems around the globe: coral reefs, grasslands, rain forests, and other natural habitats. Drawing on a variety of examples such as the decline of bird populations in the United States, the extinction of many species of freshwater fish in Africa and Asia, and the rapid disappearance of flora and fauna as the rain forests are cut down, he poignantly describes the death throes of the living world's diversity--projected to decline as much as 20 percent by the year 2020. All evidence marshaled here resonates through Wilson's tightly reasoned call for a spirit of stewardship over the world's biological wealth. He makes a plea for specific actions that will enhance rather than diminish not just diversity but the quality of life on earth. Cutting through the tangle of environmental issues that often obscure the real concern, Wilson maintains that the era of confrontation between forces for the preservation of nature and those for economic development is over; he convincingly drives home the point that both aims can, and must, be integrated. Unparalleled in its range and depth, Wilson's masterwork is essential reading for those who care about preserving the world biological variety and ensuring our planet's health.

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