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Richard Wright (1) (1908–1960)

Teoksen Amerikan poika tekijä

Katso täsmennyssivulta muut tekijät, joiden nimi on Richard Wright.

55+ teosta 17,408 jäsentä 220 arvostelua 33 Favorited

Tietoja tekijästä

Richard Wright was generally thought of as one of the most gifted contemporary African American writers until the rise of James Baldwin. "With Wright, the pain of being a Negro is basically economic---its sight is mainly in the pocket. With Baldwin, the pain suffuses the whole man. . . . If näytä lisää Baldwin's sights are higher than Wright's, it is in part because Wright helped to raise them" (Time). Wright was born on a plantation near Natchez, Mississippi, the son of a sharecropper. At the age of 15, he started to work in Memphis, then in Chicago, then "bummed all over the country," supporting himself by various odd jobs. His early writing was in the smaller magazines---first poetry, then prose. He won Story Story's $500 prize---for the best story written by a worker on the Writer's Project---with "Uncle Tom's Children" in 1938, his first important publication. He wrote Native Son (1940) in eight months, and it made his reputation. Based in part on the actual case of a young black murderer of a white woman, it was one of the first of the African American protest novels, violent and shocking in its scenes of cruelty, hunger, rape, murder, flight, and prison. Black Boy (1945) is the simple, vivid, and poignant story of Wright's early years in the South. It appeared at the beginning of a new postwar awareness of the evils of racial prejudice and did much to call attention to the plight of the African American. The Outsider (1953) is a novel based on Wright's own experience as a member of the Communist party, an affiliation he terminated in 1944. He remained politically inactive thereafter and from 1946 until his death made his principal residence in Paris. His nonfiction writings on problems of his race include Black Power: A Record of Reactions in a Land of Pathos (1954), about a visit to the Gold Coast, White Man, Listen (1957), and Twelve Million Black Voices: A Folk History of the Negro in the United States. (Bowker Author Biography) Richard Wright was born on a plantation near Natchez, Mississippi. His father left the family when Wright was only five years old, and he was raised first by his mother and then by a series of relatives. What little schooling he had ended with his graduation from ninth grade in Memphis, Tennessee. At age 15, he started to work in Memphis, and later worked in Chicago before traveling across the country supporting himself with odd jobs. When Wright finally returned to Chicago, he got a job with the federal Writer's Project, a government-supported arts program. He was quite successful, winning a $500 prize from a magazine for the best fiction written by a participant in that program. In Chicago, he was also introduced to leftist politics and became a member of the Communist Party. In 1937, Wright left Chicago for New York, where he became Harlem editor for the Communist national newspaper, The Daily Worker, and where he met future novelist, Ralph Ellison. Wright became a celebrated author with the publication of Native Son (1940), a novel he wrote in only eight months. Based on the actual case of a young black murderer of a white woman, it was one of the first of the modern black protest novels, violent and shocking in its sense of cruelty, hunger, rape, murder, flight, and prison. This novel brought Wright both fame and financial security. He followed it with his autobiography, Black Boy (1945), which was also successful. In 1942, Wright and his wife broke with the Communist Party, and in 1947, they moved to France, where Wright lived the rest of his life. His novel The Outsider (1953) is based on his experiences as a member of the Communist Party. Wright is regarded as a major modern American writer, one of the first black writers to reach a large white audience, and thereby raise the level of national awareness of the continuing problem of racism in America. In many respects Wright paved the way for all black writers who followed him. (Bowker Author Biography) näytä vähemmän
Image credit: Richard Wright (1908-1960)
Photograph by Gordon Parks, May 1943
(Farm Security Administration-
Office of War Information Photograph Collection,
Library of Congress)

Tekijän teokset

Amerikan poika (1940) 7,817 kappaletta, 102 arvostelua
Musta poika (1945) 5,271 kappaletta, 69 arvostelua
Uncle Tom's Children (1938) 757 kappaletta, 3 arvostelua
Later Works: Black Boy [American Hunger] / The Outsider (1991) 315 kappaletta, 3 arvostelua
The Man Who Lived Underground (2021) 272 kappaletta, 13 arvostelua
KAHDEKSAN MIESTÄ (1961) 269 kappaletta, 2 arvostelua
Native Son (Abridged) (1940) 226 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Rite of passage (1994) 187 kappaletta
American Hunger (1977) 186 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
12 Million Black Voices (1941) 156 kappaletta, 2 arvostelua
Haiku: This Other World (1998) 138 kappaletta, 4 arvostelua
Pagan Spain (1957) 120 kappaletta
Lawd Today! (1963) 100 kappaletta, 3 arvostelua
A Father's Law (2008) 100 kappaletta
PITKÄ UNI (1958) 96 kappaletta
White Man, Listen! (1957) 81 kappaletta
Savage Holiday (1954) 62 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Richard Wright Reader (1978) 38 kappaletta
Native Son / Black Boy (1987) 37 kappaletta
The Man Who Lived Underground {story} (2021) 22 kappaletta, 3 arvostelua
Thy Fearful Symmetry (2012) 16 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Almos' a Man (2000) 9 kappaletta
Injustice: Vintage Minis (2018) 8 kappaletta
Bright and Morning Star (1939) 8 kappaletta
Down by the Riverside 4 kappaletta
Richard Wright (2002) 3 kappaletta
Neli meest : [novellid] (1963) 3 kappaletta
Blueprint for Negro Writing (1937) 2 kappaletta
Black Boy [Easy Reader] (1971) 2 kappaletta
Der schwarze Traum (1971) 1 kappale
Callaloo Vol. 9 No. 3 (1986) 1 kappale
Wright Richard 1 kappale
Mi vida de negro 1 kappale
Długi sen 1 kappale
Sangre negra 1 kappale
Fire and cloud 1 kappale

Associated Works

The Best American Short Stories of the Century (2000) — Avustaja — 1,577 kappaletta, 10 arvostelua
Winter Poems (1994) — Avustaja — 1,220 kappaletta, 10 arvostelua
Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama (1995) — Avustaja, eräät painokset937 kappaletta, 7 arvostelua
The Best American Essays of the Century (2000) — Avustaja — 788 kappaletta, 4 arvostelua
The Oxford Book of American Short Stories (1992) — Avustaja — 761 kappaletta, 3 arvostelua
Race, Class, and Gender in the United States: An Integrated Study (1992) — Avustaja, eräät painokset518 kappaletta
The God That Failed (1944) — Avustaja — 433 kappaletta, 3 arvostelua
The Portable Harlem Renaissance Reader (1994) — Avustaja — 409 kappaletta, 3 arvostelua
Against Forgetting: Twentieth-Century Poetry of Witness (1993) — Avustaja — 338 kappaletta, 2 arvostelua
A Treasury of Short Stories (1947) — Avustaja — 297 kappaletta
This Is My Best (1942) — Avustaja — 190 kappaletta
Modern American Memoirs (1995) — Avustaja — 190 kappaletta, 3 arvostelua
African American Poetry: 250 Years of Struggle and Song (2020) — Avustaja — 181 kappaletta, 4 arvostelua
The Best Short Stories by Black Writers, 1899-1967: The Classic Anthology (1967) — Avustaja — 177 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Black Metropolis: A Study of Negro Life in a Northern City (1962) — Johdanto, eräät painokset162 kappaletta, 3 arvostelua
Blues Fell This Morning: Meaning in the Blues (1963) — Esipuhe — 152 kappaletta
The Mark Twain Anthology: Great Writers on His Life and Work (2010) — Avustaja — 143 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Growing Up in the South: An Anthology of Modern Southern Literature (1991) — Avustaja — 140 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
An American Album: One Hundred and Fifty Years of Harper's Magazine (2000) — Avustaja — 134 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
The Signet Classic Book of Southern Short Stories (1991) — Avustaja — 121 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Black on White: Black Writers on What It Means to Be White (1998) — Avustaja — 121 kappaletta, 2 arvostelua
Voices from the Harlem Renaissance (1976) — Avustaja — 110 kappaletta
The Literature of the American South: A Norton Anthology (1997) — Avustaja — 99 kappaletta
The 100 Best African American Poems (2010) — Avustaja — 98 kappaletta, 5 arvostelua
American Short Stories (1976) — Avustaja, eräät painokset95 kappaletta
Brotherman: The Odyssey of Black Men in America (1995) — Avustaja — 91 kappaletta
200 Years of Great American Short Stories (1975) — Avustaja — 69 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Concise Edition (2003) — Avustaja — 69 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
D.C. Noir 2: The Classics (2008) — Avustaja — 63 kappaletta
Racism and Sexism: An Integrated Study (1988) — Avustaja — 62 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
American Negro Short Stories (1966) — Avustaja — 61 kappaletta
Trouble the Water: 250 Years of African American Poetry (1997) — Avustaja — 57 kappaletta
Chicago Noir: The Classics (2015) — Avustaja — 52 kappaletta, 14 arvostelua
Eleven Modern Short Novels (1970) — Avustaja — 50 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Soulscript: Afro-American Poetry (1970) — Avustaja — 41 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Southern Dogs and Their People (2000) — Avustaja — 40 kappaletta
Years of Protest: A Collection of American Writings of the 1930's (1967) — Avustaja — 39 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
New Masses; An Anthology of the Rebel Thirties, (1969) — Avustaja — 38 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Fifty Best American Short Stories 1915-1965 (1965) — Avustaja — 36 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
50 Best American Short Stories 1915-1939 (1939) — Avustaja — 28 kappaletta
America on Stage : Ten Great Plays of American History (1976) — Avustaja — 22 kappaletta
Modern American Short Stories (1945) — Avustaja — 15 kappaletta
Mississippi Writers: An Anthology (1991) — Avustaja — 14 kappaletta
Fifty Years of the American Short Story from the O. Henry Awards 1919-1970 (1970) — Avustaja — 13 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Black Metropolis: A Study of Negro Life in a Northern City, Volume I (1962) — Johdanto, eräät painokset10 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Richard Wright's Black Boy (American Hunger): A Casebook (2003) — Subject — 10 kappaletta
Quintet: 5 of the World's Greatest Short Novels (1956) — Avustaja — 6 kappaletta
Native Son [1951 film] (2003) — Actor / Original book — 5 kappaletta
The Best American Short Stories 1958 (1958) — Avustaja — 5 kappaletta
O. Henry Memorial Award Prize Stories of 1938 (1938) — Avustaja — 4 kappaletta
Let Us Be Men (1969) — Avustaja — 3 kappaletta
Twelve short novels (1976) — Avustaja — 3 kappaletta
Strange Barriers (1955) — Avustaja — 2 kappaletta
Introduction to Fiction (1974) — Avustaja — 1 kappale
Native Son [2019 film] — Original novel — 1 kappale

Merkitty avainsanalla




This book articulates the pain of being black in America like nothing else I've ever read. It's difficult to read in places, but it's a necessary difficulty.
Merkitty asiattomaksi
Library_Guard | 2 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Jun 17, 2024 |
This was a difficult but important book to read. The essay at the end, entitled “How Bigger was Born,” is equal parts an exploration of Wright’s creative process and a klaxon sounding against white ignorance of the black experience. When Wright began this essay talking about the overused trumped-up charge of r*pe levied against black men in the Jim Crow era, I couldn’t help but think of the reaction of many conservative whites to #MeToo, to the effect that they were worried that their sons’ or their own lives would be ruined by false accusations of sexual misconduct. Wright would surely say something to the effect of “Now, you understand something of what we’ve been going through.” I don’t recall if there were any black commentators who made this point, but it wouldn’t surprise me. A key difference, of course, is that the vast majority of mostly powerful whites who were accused were likely guilty, whereas the vast majority of kostly powerless blacks were likely innocent.

I also recognized some parallels to Winston Smith in George Orwell’s 1984: a strong desire to rebel against an oppressive system, couched even in terms of violence, but ultimately the same fate and failure.
… (lisätietoja)
Merkitty asiattomaksi
mmodine | 101 muuta kirja-arvostelua | May 2, 2024 |
well DAMN.
Merkitty asiattomaksi
deborahee | 101 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Feb 23, 2024 |
This actually consists of a novella-length story, plus a nonfiction essay. The short story is the one of the title. It’s set in the 1940s(?) (that’s when it was originally written, anyway), and a black man, Fred, leaving work, just having been paid in cash, is “arrested” by the police and “questioned”/tortured. Initially not knowing even what they police were talking about, it turns out the neighbours of the people Fred worked for had been murdered in their home earlier in the day. Fred manages to escape and moves underground via the sewers from building to building for a few days.

The essay talked about how the author grew up with his very religious Grandmother and how some things from that experience related to this story.

Overall, I’m rating it ok. The essay got pretty philosophical, so wasn’t all that interesting to me. The story itself was better, but also a little bit odd while Fred was underground. I definitely did not see the end coming (but maybe I should have?).
… (lisätietoja)
Merkitty asiattomaksi
LibraryCin | 12 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Feb 11, 2024 |


1940s (1)
AP Lit (2)


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Associated Authors

Edwin Rosskam Photo-Direction
Arnold Rampersad Notes, Introduction, Editor, , Afterword
Malcolm Wright Afterword
Nina Crews Introduction
John Reilly Afterword
David Diaz Cover artist, Illustrator
Caryl Phillips Introduction
Camillo Pellizzi Translator
Mary Schuck Cover designer
Gösta Olzon Translator
Peter Cade Cover artist
Bruno Fonzi Translator
Jerry W. Ward, Jr. Introduction
Julia Wright Contributor
Richard Yarborough Introduction
Ethan Herisse Narrator
Stephanie Rosenfeld Book and cover designer
Keneth Kinnamon Contributor
Cornel West Introduction
John Williams Foreword


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