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Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889–1951)

Teoksen Tractatus logico-philosophicus tekijä

144+ Works 15,175 Jäsentä 96 arvostelua 81 Favorited

About the Author

Born in Vienna, Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein was educated at Linz and Berlin University. In 1908 he went to England, registering as a research student in engineering at the University of Manchester. There he studied Bertrand Russell's (see also Vol. 5) Principles of Mathematics by chance and näytä lisää decided to study with Russell at Cambridge University. From 1912 to 1913, he studied under Russell's supervision and began to develop the ideas that crystallized in his Tractatus. With the outbreak of World War I, he returned home and volunteered for the Austrian Army. During his military service, he prepared the book published in 1921 as the Tractatus, first translated into English in 1922 by C. K. Ogden. Wittgenstein emerged as a philosopher whose influence spread from Austria to the English-speaking world. Perhaps the most eminent philosopher during the second half of the twentieth century, Wittgenstein had an early impact on the members of the Vienna Circle, with which he was associated. The logical atomism of the Tractatus, with its claims that propositions of logic and mathematics are tautologous and that the cognitive meaning of other sorts of scientific statements is empirical, became the fundamental source of logical positivism, or logical empiricism. Bertrand Russell adopted it as his position, and A. J. Ayer was to accept and profess it 15 years later. From the end of World War I until 1926, Wittgenstein was a schoolteacher in Austria. In 1929 his interest in philosophy renewed, and he returned to Cambridge, where even G. E. Moore came under his spell. At Cambridge Wittgenstein began a new wave in philosophical analysis distinct from the Tractatus, which had inspired the rise of logical positivism. Whereas the earlier Wittgenstein had concentrated on the formal structures of logic and mathematics, the later Wittgenstein attended to the fluidities of ordinary language. His lectures, remarks, conversations, and letters made lasting imprints on the minds of his most brilliant students, who have long since initiated the unending process of publishing them. During his lifetime Wittgenstein himself never published another book after the Tractatus. However, he was explicit that the work disclosing the methods and topics of his later years be published. This work, Philosophical Investigations (1953), is esteemed to be his most mature expression of his philosophical method and thought. (Bowker Author Biography) näytä vähemmän
Image credit: Photo by Moritz Nähr / Ludwig Wittgenstein circa 1930 / Photo © ÖNB/Wien


Tekijän teokset

Tractatus logico-philosophicus (1921) 4,057 kappaletta
Philosophical Investigations (1953) 3,372 kappaletta
Varmuudesta (1969) — Tekijä — 1,322 kappaletta
Yleisiä huomautuksia (1977) 683 kappaletta
Huomautuksia väreistä (1978) 402 kappaletta
Muistikirjoja 1914-1916 (1957) 301 kappaletta
Zettel : filosofisia katkelmia (1967) 301 kappaletta
Philosophical Grammar (1969) 296 kappaletta
Filosofisia huomautuksia (1930) (1975) 212 kappaletta
Remarks on Frazer's Golden Bough (1975) 70 kappaletta
Private Notebooks: 1914-1916 (2022) 53 kappaletta
Lecture on Ethics (1989) 52 kappaletta
The Big Typescript (1983) 44 kappaletta
Wörterbuch für Volksschulen (1977) 19 kappaletta
Ein Reader. (1996) 18 kappaletta
Brieven (2000) 18 kappaletta
Diarios, conferencias (2015) 13 kappaletta
Kirjoituksia 1929-1938 (1986) 13 kappaletta
青色本 (ちくま学芸文庫) (2001) 11 kappaletta
Wittgenstein (1989) 11 kappaletta
Filosofia (1996) 10 kappaletta
Fiches (1971) 8 kappaletta
Ludwig Wittgenstein. (1995) — Honoree — 6 kappaletta
Wittgenstein 5 kappaletta
Philosophische Bemerkungen (1964) 5 kappaletta
Cartas, encuentros, recuerdos. (2009) 4 kappaletta
A Wittgenstein Primer (2011) 3 kappaletta
Movements of Thought (2022) 3 kappaletta
Lettere 1911-1951 (2012) 2 kappaletta
Forelæsninger & samtaler (2001) 2 kappaletta
Philosophica, numéro 2 (2000) 2 kappaletta
Lettres, Rencontres, Souvenirs (2009) 2 kappaletta
O Livro Azul (2008) 2 kappaletta
Correspondance philosophique (2015) 2 kappaletta
Über Ludwig Wittgenstein (1968) 2 kappaletta
Correspondance (Cambridge) (2006) 2 kappaletta
Os pensadores 1 kappale
Philosophica, numéro 1 (2000) 1 kappale
Wiener Ausgabe, Vol. 2 (1994) 1 kappale
Scritti scelti 1 kappale
O livro castanho (1992) 1 kappale
Wiener Ausgabe, Vol. 1 (1994) 1 kappale
Wiener Ausgabe (1998) 1 kappale
Isomorfismo 1 kappale
Cultura e Valor 1 kappale

Associated Works

Awakenings (1973) — Avustaja, eräät painokset2,405 kappaletta
The Age of Analysis: The 20th Century Philosophers (1955) — Avustaja — 402 kappaletta
Ludwig Wittgenstein : muistelma (1958) — Avustaja, eräät painokset269 kappaletta
The Voices of Wittgenstein: The Vienna Circle (2003)eräät painokset18 kappaletta
Utopie Eindexamencahier Havo vanaf 2007 (2006) — Avustaja — 11 kappaletta

Merkitty avainsanalla


Virallinen nimi
Wittgenstein, Ludwig Josef Johann
Muut nimet
WITTGENSTEIN, Ludwig Josef Johann
Ascension Parish Burial Ground, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Englanti
Yhdistynyt kuningaskunta (1939)
Maa (karttaa varten)
Wien, Itävalta
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Englanti
Wien, Itävalta (1889-1903)
Linz, Itävalta (1903-1906)
Berliini, Saksa (1906-1908)
Manchester, Englanti (1908-1911)
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Englanti
Trattenbach, Itävalta (1920-1922) (näytä kaikki 7)
Hassbach, Itävalta (1922-1924)
Cambridgen yliopisto (Ph.D.|filosofia|1929)
Russell, Bertrand (opettaja)
Moore, G. E. (opettaja)
Malcolm, Norman (oppilas)
Wright, Georg Henrik von (oppilas)
Cambridgen yliopisto (filosofian professori)
Lyhyt elämäkerta
Ludwig Wittgenstein, born in Vienna, Austria to a wealthy family, is considered by some to have been the greatest philosopher of the 20th century. He continues to influence philosophical thought in topics as varied as logic and language, perception and intention, ethics and religion, aesthetics and culture. As a soldier in the Austrian army in World War I, he was captured in 1918 and spent the remaining months of the war in a prison camp, where he wrote the notes and drafts of his first book, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. It was published in 1921 in German and then translated into English the following year. In the 1930s and 1940s, he conducted seminars at Cambridge University, his alma mater, and wrote his second book, Philosophical Investigations, which was published posthumously. His conversations, lecture notes, and letters, have since been published in several volumes, including Ludwig Wittgenstein and the Vienna Circle, The Blue and Brown Books, and Philosophical Grammar.



Arion Press On Certainty?, Fine Press Forum (marraskuu 2021)


As is typical of a philosophy book, is filled with sentences that are written really badly or are straight up crap. But it has some cool stuff and it doesn't use much jargon, so at least you recognise that you're reading bad writing instead of thinking you are but being unsure. It's mostly an extended interrogation on what it means to understand a word, what language is, what the relation is between a word and your mind is, stuff like that. There's some interesting thoughts here, definitely, but it's a frustrating read cause it's often hard to extract them from the text. I guess that's partially to do with the translation but I really wanted a rewrite to make it sound more natural. Maybe that's unreasonable but it's just badly written, that's all.

Edit 11/04/2014: ok check out this cool passage:

"465. “An expectation is so made that whatever happens has to accord
with it, or not.”
If someone now asks: then is what is the case determined, give or take a yes or no, by an expectation or not a that is, is it determined in what sense the expectation would be satisfied by an event, no matter what happens? a then one has to reply: “Yes, unless the expression of the expectation is indefinite, for example, if it contains a disjunction of different possibilities.”"

Look at that 2nd sentence. It's *literal nonsense*. I checked the older translation, it's rendered perfectly there. But in this super duper translation they've apparently managed to completely mess up a simple sentence.

I give up. Most of the book has been frustrating, past some cool stuff at the start. Occasional interesting stuff in between lots of really obvious ideas expressed in confusing language, probably to make an argument I can't follow because the language is so unclear. I'm sorry, but this is ridiculous. I may well be stupid but it's unfair to expect people to somehow follow ideas if you can't communicate them at all and you have to guess and read people who interpret it for you. Also that's probably pissy but whatever. I'd rather read a book by someone who works hard to put these ideas in clear language than waste my time with frustrating, draining, completely unfun books.

So yeah I stopped reading at #475. Maybe I'll come back to it when I'm in a better mood or more interested in philosophy. For now... nah sorry.
… (lisätietoja)
Merkitty asiattomaksi
tombomp | 18 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Oct 31, 2023 |
good companion piece for this is nicolas collins' a dark and stormy night. the amount of near-useless secondary material chokes out the text's religious elegance
Merkitty asiattomaksi
windowlight | Oct 10, 2023 |

1. Cuvant inainte la editia a doua - pag. 7
2. Nota istorica - pag. 9
3. In ajutorul cititorului - pag. 33

4. Tractatus Logico - Philosophicus - pag. 97

5. Note - pag. 191
6. Lista de simboluri - pag. 206
7. Indice - pag. 209
Merkitty asiattomaksi
Toma_Radu_Szoha | 42 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Apr 28, 2023 |
The solution of the riddle of life in space and time lies outside space and time. [...] Not how the world is, is the mystical, but that it is.
Merkitty asiattomaksi
drbrand | 42 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Jan 24, 2023 |



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Associated Authors

Heikki Nyman Translator, Editor
G. E. M. Anscombe Translator, Editor
Rush Rhees Contributor, Editor, Foreword
Yorick Smythies Contributor
James Taylor Contributor
Margaret MacDonald Transcriber of Notes
Ilmārs Blumbergs Cover designer, Illustrator
Jānis Taurens Translator
Frank P. Ramsey Translator
Gajo Petrović Translator
David F. Pears Translator


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