Picture of author.

Edmund Wilson (1895–1972)

Teoksen To the Finland Station tekijä

87+ teosta 8,118 jäsentä 76 arvostelua 17 Favorited

Tietoja tekijästä

Wilson roamed the world and read widely in many languages. He was a journalist for leading literary periodicals: Vanity Fair, where he was briefly managing editor; The New Republic, where he was associate editor for five years; and the New Yorker, where he was book reviewer in the 1940s. These näytä lisää varied experiences were typical of Wilson's range of interests and ability. Eternally productive and endlessly readable, he conquered American literature in countless essays. If he is idiosyncratic and lacks a rigid mold, that probably contributes to his success as a literary critic, since he was not committed to interpretation in the straitjacket of some popular approach or dogma. His critical position suits his cosmopolitan background---historical and sociological considerations prevail. He went through a brief Marxist period and experimented with Freudian criticism. Axel's Castle (1931), a penetrating analysis of the symbolist writer, has exerted a great influence on contemporary literary criticism. Its dedication, to Christian Gauss of Princeton, reads:"It was principally from you that I acquired.. .my idea of what literary criticism ought to be---a history of man's ideas and imaginings in the setting of the conditions which have shaped them."His volume of satiric short stories, Memoirs of Hecate County (1946), with its frankly erotic passages, was the subject of court cases in a less tolerant decade than the present one. It was Wilson's own favorite among his writings, but he complained that those individuals who like his other work tend to disregard it. (Bowker Author Biography) näytä vähemmän
Image credit: Courtesy of the NYPL Digital Gallery (image use requires permission from the New York Public Library)

Sarjat

Tekijän teokset

To the Finland Station (1940) 1,329 kappaletta, 25 arvostelua
The Crack-Up (1945) — Toimittaja — 926 kappaletta, 10 arvostelua
Memoirs of Hecate County (1946) 561 kappaletta, 5 arvostelua
The scrolls from the Dead Sea (1955) 471 kappaletta, 6 arvostelua
The Twenties: From Notebooks and Diaries of the Period (1975) 223 kappaletta, 4 arvostelua
The Wound and the Bow: Seven Studies in Literature (1941) 142 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
The American Earthquake (1958) 140 kappaletta
Apologies to the Iroquois (1959) 134 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
The Sixties: The Last Journal, 1960-1972 (1993) 130 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
The Fifties: From Notebooks and Diaries of the Period (1986) 117 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
I Thought of Daisy (1929) 113 kappaletta
A piece of my mind; reflections at sixty (1956) 104 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
The Triple Thinkers (1938) 93 kappaletta
Israel and the Dead Sea Scrolls (2000) 81 kappaletta
The Portable Edmund Wilson (1983) 80 kappaletta
Europe Without Baedeker (1966) 77 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
A Literary Chronicle: 1920-1950 (1952) 47 kappaletta
The Devils And Canon Barham (1973) 34 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Eight essays (1954) 33 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Night Thoughts (1961) 27 kappaletta
Red, Black, Blond and Olive (1956) 27 kappaletta
O Canada: An American's Notes on Canadian Culture (1963) 25 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
The Higher Jazz (1998) 24 kappaletta
Galahad and I Thought of Daisy (1963) 21 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
From Uncollected Edmund Wilson (1995) 15 kappaletta
The Intent of the Critic (1941) — Avustaja; Avustaja — 15 kappaletta
Edmund Wilson, Man In Letters (2001) 13 kappaletta
Five Plays (1954) 12 kappaletta
The fruits of the MLA (1963) 9 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
The Collected Essays of John Peale Bishop (1948) — Johdanto; Toimittaja — 8 kappaletta
The Undertaker's Garland (1922) 6 kappaletta
The Rats of Rutland Grange. (1974) 5 kappaletta
Note Books of Night (1942) 5 kappaletta
Galahad (1971) 4 kappaletta
Poets, Farewell! 3 kappaletta
The surprise of excellence: modern essays on Max Beerbohm (1974) — Avustaja — 3 kappaletta
Who Killed Carlo Tresca? (1983) 2 kappaletta
Obra selecta (2008) 2 kappaletta
Ivan Turgheniev (1960) 1 kappale
Dead Sea Scrolls 1947 1969 (1969) 1 kappale
Szkice 1 kappale

Associated Works

Viimeinen ruhtinas (1941) — Esipuhe, eräät painokset; Toimittaja, eräät painokset; Esipuhe, eräät painokset2,614 kappaletta, 25 arvostelua
The Waste Land (Norton Critical Editions) (2000) — Avustaja — 1,554 kappaletta, 12 arvostelua
50 Great Short Stories (1952) — Avustaja — 1,272 kappaletta, 8 arvostelua
The Best American Essays of the Century (2000) — Avustaja — 786 kappaletta, 4 arvostelua
Brief Lives (1898) — Esipuhe, eräät painokset699 kappaletta, 8 arvostelua
Nightmare Abbey (1818) — Esipuhe, eräät painokset435 kappaletta, 15 arvostelua
Critical Theory Since Plato (1971) — Avustaja, eräät painokset403 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
The QPB Companion to The Lord of the Rings (2001) — Avustaja — 367 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Writing New York: A Literary Anthology (1998) — Avustaja — 284 kappaletta, 4 arvostelua
The 40s: The Story of a Decade (2014) — Avustaja — 279 kappaletta, 5 arvostelua
Peasants and Other Stories (1956) — Toimittaja — 225 kappaletta, 3 arvostelua
Reader in Comparative Religion: An Anthropological Approach (1958) — Avustaja — 210 kappaletta
The Lincoln Anthology: Great Writers on His Life and Legacy from 1860 to Now (2008) — Avustaja — 158 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
The Norton Book of Personal Essays (1997) — Avustaja — 143 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
A Comprehensive Anthology of American Poetry (1929) — Avustaja — 130 kappaletta, 2 arvostelua
The Great Gatsby / Tender Is The Night / The Last Tycoon (1953) — Toimittaja, eräät painokset107 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Twentieth-Century American Poetry (1944) — Avustaja — 100 kappaletta, 2 arvostelua
Writing New York: A Literary Anthology (Expanded 10th-Anniversary Edition) (2008) — Avustaja — 94 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
War No More: Three Centuries of American Antiwar and Peace Writing (2016) — Avustaja — 87 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
A Reader's Companion to the Hobbit and the Lord of the Rings (1995) — Avustaja — 79 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Years of Protest: A Collection of American Writings of the 1930's (1967) — Avustaja — 39 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
The Complete Works of Kate Chopin (Southern Literary Studies) (1969) — Esipuhe, eräät painokset; Esipuhe — 36 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
H.P. LOVECRAFT: Four Decades of Criticism (1980) — Avustaja — 34 kappaletta
James Joyce: Two Decades of Criticism (1946) — Avustaja — 22 kappaletta
A. E. Housman : a collection of critical essays (1968) — Avustaja — 22 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
J. R. R. Tolkien, der Mythenschöpfer (1984) — Tekijä — 7 kappaletta
Eighteen Stories (1965) 4 kappaletta
A Book of Princeton Verse, Volume I — Avustaja — 2 kappaletta
The Dial, Vol LXXVII No 3, September 1924 — Avustaja, eräät painokset1 kappale

Merkitty avainsanalla

Yleistieto

Kanoninen nimi
Wilson, Edmund
Virallinen nimi
Wilson, Edmund, Jr.
Muut nimet
Bunny
Syntymäaika
1895-05-08
Kuolinaika
1972-06-12
Hautapaikka
Wellfleet, Massachusetts, USA
Sukupuoli
male
Kansalaisuus
USA
Syntymäpaikka
Red Bank, New Jersey, USA
Kuolinpaikka
Talcottville, New York, USA
Asuinpaikat
Red Bank, New Jersey, USA
Talcottville, New York, USA
Wellfleet, Massachusetts, USA
Koulutus
Princeton University (BA|2016)
The Hill School, Pottstown, Pennsylvania, USA
Ammatit
managing editor (Vanity Fair)
newspaper reporter
associate editor (The New Republic)
book reviewer
literary critic
historian (näytä kaikki 8)
translator
memoirist
Suhteet
McCarthy, Mary (wife)
Nabokov, Vladimir (friend)
Fitzgerald, F. Scott (friend)
Bishop, John Peale (friend)
Zabel, Morton Dauwen (friend)
Organisaatiot
The Sun (New York)
Vanity Fair
The New Republic
The New Yorker
The New York Review of Books
Palkinnot ja kunnianosoitukset
Presidential Medal of Freedom (1963)
Emerson-Thoreau Medal (1966)
National Book Award (1953, 1956, 1963)
Edward MacDowell Medal (1964)
Lyhyt elämäkerta
Edmund Wilson was born in Red Bank, New Jersey. He attended The Hill School, a private boarding school in Pennsylvania, where he served as the editor-in-chief of the school's literary magazine, then went on to Princeton University, where he was a classmate of F. Scott Fitzgerald. Their friendship became one of the most important literary relationships in the history of American letters. Wilson read omnivorously across the spectrum of modern European and Russian writers, including Proust, Joyce, Eliot, Valéry, Dostoyevsky, Gogol, and Pushkin, along with almost all the 20th century American writers. He began his writing career as a reporter for the New York Sun, and became the managing editor of Vanity Fair in 1920. He later served as associate editor of The New Republic and as a book reviewer for The New Yorker and The New York Review of Books. He wrote plays, poems, and novels, but his greatest influence was as a literary critic, essayist, and historian. These books included Axel's Castle: A Study in the Imaginative Literature of 1870–1930 (1931) a sweeping survey of Symbolism. To the Finland Station (1940) was a broad study of European socialism up to the Bolsheviks Revolution. Wilson's work was heavily influenced by the ideas of Sigmund Freud and Karl Marx, and in turn, his work influenced novelists such as Upton Sinclair, John Dos Passos, Sinclair Lewis, and Theodore Dreiser. Wilson was married four times, most famously to Mary McCarthy, who was 17 years his junior, from 1938 to 1946.

Wilson edited the posthumous papers and notebooks of his college friend F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Crack-Up (1945), and also edited the novel The Last Tycoon (1941), which Fitzgerald had left uncompleted at his death.

Jäseniä

Kirja-arvosteluja

Notes from Edmund Wilson always make interesting reading. Admitting his own lack of familiarity with Canadian culture, he is nonetheless informative when it comes to a personal view of politics and literature in Eastern Canada, especially with regard to the French/English divide, so much in focus in the sixties.
He firstly presents a fulsome critique of Morely Callaghan, novelist, ranking him among the greats. This caused some consternation at the time, but having read Callaghan, I rate him highly too. (He's also famous for putting Ernest Hemingway away in a boxing match between the writers in Twenties Paris).
Wilson takes time to review some of the French Canadian writers who, at that time were confined to catering to their own culture solely.
The dominance of the Catholic Church in Quebec culture and politics is another theme. In Wilson's treatment, the Church was the only established repository of French culture functioning until the struggle for adequate recognition in the whole country began in the sixties. This in the face of disdain and disregard from the English majority.
Worth reading at a remove of sixty years as much has happened in Canada since. Regardless, it is worth taking note of the contemporaneous situation there, seen through the eyes of an astute and singular critic of Twentieth Century writing and art.
… (lisätietoja)
 
Merkitty asiattomaksi
ivanfranko | May 2, 2024 |
The Scrolls from the Dead Sea and The Dead Sea Scrolls 1947-1969
By Edmund Wilson

This is a review of Edmund Wilson’s original book about the Dead Sea Scrolls, published in 1955, and his updated and expanded book, published in 1969. Much like Elaine Pagels’ books about the Gnostic Gospels, Wilson’s books are about the history and interpretation of the Dead Sea scrolls, rather than a translation of the original texts. Wilson’s books, more than Pagels’, are full of high adventure and intrigue, especially because they take place in Palestine, a land notorious for religious and political upheaval, and because of the time in which they take place, from 1947, at the end of the British mandate, to 1969, two years after the Six-Day War between the Arabs and the Israelis. The Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered by a Bedouin boy in a cave along the western shore of the Dead Sea in 1947, two years after the discovery of the Nag Hammadi scrolls (gnostic gospels) in Egypt. Unlike the Nag Hammadi texts, which are Christian (written in Coptic), the Dead Sea Scrolls are Jewish (written in Hebrew). They are of interest, however, to both Jewish and Christian biblical scholars, although for different reasons.

Wilson explains why the discovery of the scrolls was problematic and upsetting for scholars and why it took some time for them to be accepted as authentic. He reminds us that up until about 400 BCE, the Israeli religion was practiced and handed down through oral tradition. Our earliest written Judeo-Christian scriptures are:

- [ ] The Alexandrian Septuagint (a Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible that dates from the third century BCE)
- [ ] St. Jerome’s Latin Vulgate (a Latin translation of the Christian Bible that dates from the late fourth century CE)
- [ ] The Masoretic texts (a translation of the Hebrew Bible that dates from the ninth century CE)

It’s important to remember that almost all knowledge of the Bible, up until the 1947 discovery had come from a small set of texts that span from a period of about 1,300 years - 400 years before Christ with the Septuagint to 900 years after him with the Masoretic texts. As Wilson says, “It took some courage to face new materials where none had been imagined to exist.”

Wilson, one of America’s greatest literary critics, is a brilliant writer. He masterfully weaves a story that combines political intrigue, place-setting in a dry, dusty land where if only the fighting would stop so that archaeologists (several of whom are also clergy) can get on with it, and scholarly bickering and possessiveness of not only the scrolls but of their interpretation as well. His theory, or not so much his but the general consensus of what he believes are the more objective scholars, is that the Essenes, a Jewish communal society who lived from the second century BCE to the first CE, may have been the precedent for Christianity. At the start of his book, Wilson somewhat dryly describes the archaeology of the Essene monastery - the “cave” where the Bedouin boy unknowingly discovered the sect’s library. Much later, after he’s woven his fascinating tale, he connects the archaeological, religious, and historical dots with a beautiful sentence: “The monastery, this structure of stone that endures, between the bitter waters and precipitous cliffs, with its oven and its inkwells, its mill and its cesspool, its constellation of sacred fonts and the unadorned graves of its dead, is perhaps, more than Bethlehem or Nazareth, the cradle of Christianity.“

I enjoyed the original of Wilson’s book more than I did the expanded version. The original story was more compelling, and while the expanded version was certainly interesting, it didn’t capture the imagination quite so effectively. Additionally, Wilson weakened the aura of his story with an offputting appendix in the expanded version. The appendix was intended to demonstrate a point he had made consistently throughout both books - that scholars, many of whom have their own personal religious allegiances, often focus on minutia as a way to deflect from the big picture impact of the scrolls on collective Biblical knowledge. Knowledge that for some can be uncomfortable to absorb. Wilson simply could have left it at that because an astute reader understood exactly his point. However, in his appendix, he includes a series of point / counterpoint letters between himself and an anonymous scholarly reviewer of another author’s book about the scrolls. Rather than making himself look good, instead, through the esoteric and bitchy back and forth, both ended up looking like petty cat-fighters. They were both trying to make scholarly points, but to the lay reader, the points didn’t mean much. Instead, I found myself thinking, “Would you both just give it a drink!”

Regardless, I greatly enjoyed the original Scrolls from the Dead Sea. It was exciting to read after having read about the gnostic gospels because it showed the connection between Judaism and Christianity at a time when both were evolving from semi-mythology into written, codified religions.
… (lisätietoja)
 
Merkitty asiattomaksi
Mortybanks | 5 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Mar 7, 2024 |
The Scrolls from the Dead Sea and The Dead Sea Scrolls 1947-1969
By Edmund Wilson

This is a review of Edmund Wilson’s original book about the Dead Sea Scrolls, published in 1955, and his updated and expanded book, published in 1969. Much like Elaine Pagels’ books about the Gnostic Gospels, Wilson’s books are about the history and interpretation of the Dead Sea scrolls, rather than a translation of the original texts. Wilson’s books, more than Pagels’, are full of high adventure and intrigue, especially because they take place in Palestine, a land notorious for religious and political upheaval, and because of the time in which they take place, from 1947, at the end of the British mandate, to 1969, two years after the Six-Day War between the Arabs and the Israelis. The Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered by a Bedouin boy in a cave along the western shore of the Dead Sea in 1947, two years after the discovery of the Nag Hammadi scrolls (gnostic gospels) in Egypt. Unlike the Nag Hammadi texts, which are Christian (written in Coptic), the Dead Sea Scrolls are Jewish (written in Hebrew). They are of interest, however, to both Jewish and Christian biblical scholars, although for different reasons.

Wilson explains why the discovery of the scrolls was problematic and upsetting for scholars and why it took some time for them to be accepted as authentic. He reminds us that up until about 400 BCE, the Israeli religion was practiced and handed down through oral tradition. Our earliest written Judeo-Christian scriptures are:

- [ ] The Alexandrian Septuagint (a Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible that dates from the third century BCE)
- [ ] St. Jerome’s Latin Vulgate (a Latin translation of the Christian Bible that dates from the late fourth century CE)
- [ ] The Masoretic texts (a translation of the Hebrew Bible that dates from the ninth century CE)

It’s important to remember that almost all knowledge of the Bible, up until the 1947 discovery had come from a small set of texts that span from a period of about 1,300 years - 400 years before Christ with the Septuagint to 900 years after him with the Masoretic texts. As Wilson says, “It took some courage to face new materials where none had been imagined to exist.”

Wilson, one of America’s greatest literary critics, is a brilliant writer. He masterfully weaves a story that combines political intrigue, place-setting in a dry, dusty land where if only the fighting would stop so that archaeologists (several of whom are also clergy) can get on with it, and scholarly bickering and possessiveness of not only the scrolls but of their interpretation as well. His theory, or not so much his but the general consensus of what he believes are the more objective scholars, is that the Essenes, a Jewish communal society who lived from the second century BCE to the first CE, may have been the precedent for Christianity. At the start of his book, Wilson somewhat dryly describes the archaeology of the Essene monastery - the “cave” where the Bedouin boy unknowingly discovered the sect’s library. Much later, after he’s woven his fascinating tale, he connects the archaeological, religious, and historical dots with a beautiful sentence: “The monastery, this structure of stone that endures, between the bitter waters and precipitous cliffs, with its oven and its inkwells, its mill and its cesspool, its constellation of sacred fonts and the unadorned graves of its dead, is perhaps, more than Bethlehem or Nazareth, the cradle of Christianity.“

I enjoyed the original of Wilson’s book more than I did the expanded version. The original story was more compelling, and while the expanded version was certainly interesting, it didn’t capture the imagination quite so effectively. Additionally, Wilson weakened the aura of his story with an offputting appendix in the expanded version. The appendix was intended to demonstrate a point he had made consistently throughout both books - that scholars, many of whom have their own personal religious allegiances, often focus on minutia as a way to deflect from the big picture impact of the scrolls on collective Biblical knowledge. Knowledge that for some can be uncomfortable to absorb. Wilson simply could have left it at that because an astute reader understood exactly his point. However, in his appendix, he includes a series of point / counterpoint letters between himself and an anonymous scholarly reviewer of another author’s book about the scrolls. Rather than making himself look good, instead, through the esoteric and bitchy back and forth, both ended up looking like petty cat-fighters. They were both trying to make scholarly points, but to the lay reader, the points didn’t mean much. Instead, I found myself thinking, “Would you both just give it a drink!”

Regardless, I greatly enjoyed the original Scrolls from the Dead Sea. It was exciting to read after having read about the gnostic gospels because it showed the connection between Judaism and Christianity at a time when both were evolving from semi-mythology into written, codified religions.
… (lisätietoja)
 
Merkitty asiattomaksi
Mortybanks | 5 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Mar 7, 2024 |
Firmato por Antonio. 87
 
Merkitty asiattomaksi
aallegue | 24 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Feb 4, 2024 |

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Associated Authors

Leon Edel Preface, Introduction, Editor
J.C. Ransom Contributor
Norman Foerster Contributor
W. H. Auden Contributor
S. N. Behrman Contributor
J. G. Riewald Introduction
Evelyn Waugh Contributor
Harold Nicolson Contributor
Boris Artzybasheff Illustrator
T. S. Eliot Contributor
Edith Wharton Contributor
Gertrude Stein Contributor
Thomas Wolfe Contributor
Paul Rosenfeld Contributor
John Dos Passos Contributor
Glenway Wescott Contributor
John Peale Bishop Contributor
Daniel Aaron Introduction
Donald A. Stauffer Introduction
Edward Gorey Typography and cover design, Illustrator
Janet Groth Introduction, Editor
J. C. Ransom Contributor
Norman Foerster Contributor
W. H. Auden Contributor
Louis Menand Foreword
Suzanne Mayoux Translator
Dominique Aury Translator
Geoff Taylor Cover artist
Hugh Kenner Introduction
Mary Gordon Introduction
Lewis M. Dabney Editor, Notes
Paul Bacon Cover designer
Ivan Chermayeff Cover designer
Leonard Baskin Cover designer
Raphael Israeli Introduction
Germano Facetti Cover designer

Tilastot

Teokset
87
Also by
38
Jäseniä
8,118
Suosituimmuussija
#2,981
Arvio (tähdet)
3.8
Kirja-arvosteluja
76
ISBN:t
235
Kielet
8
Kuinka monen suosikki
17

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