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Oscar Wilde (1854–1900)

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Flamboyant man-about-town, Oscar Wilde had a reputation that preceded him, especially in his early career. He was born to a middle-class Irish family (his father was a surgeon) and was trained as a scholarship boy at Trinity College, Dublin. He subsequently won a scholarship to Magdalen College, näytä lisää Oxford, where he was heavily influenced by John Ruskin and Walter Pater, whose aestheticism was taken to its radical extreme in Wilde's work. By 1879 he was already known as a wit and a dandy; soon after, in fact, he was satirized in Gilbert and Sullivan's Patience. Largely on the strength of his public persona, Wilde undertook a lecture tour to the United States in 1882, where he saw his play Vera open---unsuccessfully---in New York. His first published volume, Poems, which met with some degree of approbation, appeared at this time. In 1884 he married Constance Lloyd, the daughter of an Irish lawyer, and within two years they had two sons. During this period he wrote, among others, The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891), his only novel, which scandalized many readers and was widely denounced as immoral. Wilde simultaneously dismissed and encouraged such criticism with his statement in the preface, "There is no such thing as a moral or an immoral book. Books are well written or badly written. That is all." In 1891 Wilde published A House of Pomegranates, a collection of fantasy tales, and in 1892 gained commercial and critical success with his play, Lady Windermere's Fan He followed this comedy with A Woman of No Importance (1893), An Ideal Husband (1895), and his most famous play, The Importance of Being Earnest (1895). During this period he also wrote Salome, in French, but was unable to obtain a license for it in England. Performed in Paris in 1896, the play was translated and published in England in 1894 by Lord Alfred Douglas and was illustrated by Aubrey Beardsley. Lord Alfred was the son of the Marquess of Queensbury, who objected to his son's spending so much time with Wilde because of Wilde's flamboyant behavior and homosexual relationships. In 1895, after being publicly insulted by the marquess, Wilde brought an unsuccessful slander suit against the peer. The result of his inability to prove slander was his own trial on charges of sodomy, of which he was found guilty and sentenced to two years of hard labor. During his time in prison, he wrote a scathing rebuke to Lord Alfred, published in 1905 as De Profundis. In it he argues that his conduct was a result of his standing "in symbolic relations to the art and culture" of his time. After his release, Wilde left England for Paris, where he wrote what may be his most famous poem, The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898), drawn from his prison experiences. Among his other notable writing is The Soul of Man under Socialism (1891), which argues for individualism and freedom of artistic expression. There has been a revived interest in Wilde's work; among the best recent volumes are Richard Ellmann's, Oscar Wilde and Regenia Gagnier's Idylls of the Marketplace , two works that vary widely in their critical assumptions and approach to Wilde but that offer rich insights into his complex character. (Bowker Author Biography) näytä vähemmän
Image credit: Photo by Napoleon Sarony: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division (REPRODUCTION NUMBER: LC-USZC4-7139) (cropped)

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Tekijän teokset

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The Canterville Ghost [1990 short film] — Tekijä — 1 kappale
Princi i Lumtur 1 kappale, 1 arvostelu
Poemas edición bilingüe (2001) 1 kappale
5 Plays 1 kappale
Strauss : Salome [? + libretto] — Librettist [original text] — 1 kappale
Strauss : Salome [libretto] — Librettist [original text] — 1 kappale
Strauss : Elektra + Salome [libretto] — Librettist [original text] — 1 kappale
L'Avant-scène Opéra : 047-048 : Strauss : Salomé (1983) — Librettist [original text] — 1 kappale
Opern der Welt : Textbuch : Einführung und Kommentar : Strauss : Salome (1995) — Librettist [original text] — 1 kappale
A pantasma de Canterville (2005) 1 kappale
Mínimas 1 kappale
Aforizmalar (2023) 1 kappale
Ideální manžel (2007) 1 kappale
The Doer of Good 1 kappale
Der tierisch-menschliche Charakter (2013) — Avustaja — 1 kappale
Oscar Wilde: Complete Short Fiction — Tekijä — 1 kappale
O Jovem Rei 1 kappale
La decadenza della menzogna (1995) 1 kappale
Poetry 1 kappale
Cantervillen kummitus (1982) 1 kappale
CONTOS INÉDITOS 1 kappale
366 Aforismi 1 kappale
(all) 1 kappale
The Women of Homer (2008) 1 kappale, 1 arvostelu
Reviews by Oscar Wilde (2013) 1 kappale
Wyrms 1 kappale
Nar Evi (2010) 1 kappale
Essays I 1 kappale
Contos Encantados — Tekijä — 1 kappale
Flowers of Gold (2006) 1 kappale
Samtliche Dramen 1 kappale
The Importance of Being Earnest: audio (1981) 1 kappale, 1 arvostelu
Théâtre 1 kappale
Sretni princ i druge bajke (2002) 1 kappale
Helas {poem} 1 kappale
Selections 1 kappale
Theaterstücke I 1 kappale
Essays II 1 kappale
Briefe II 1 kappale
O Gigante Egoísta e Outros Contos (2009) 1 kappale, 1 arvostelu
Die Erzählungen 1 kappale
The Garden of Eros (2014) 1 kappale
Echoes 1 kappale
Four Letters 1 kappale
Drömmar och svek (1986) 1 kappale
Selected Stories 1 kappale
Collins gem Wilde anthology (1997) 1 kappale
Die Oscar Wilde Box. CD (2006) 1 kappale
Kinderverhalen (1991) 1 kappale
Wilde Oscar (1994) 1 kappale
Saggi 1 kappale
London models 1 kappale
Apologia 1 kappale
Requiescat 1 kappale
The Artist [short story] (1894) 1 kappale
The Master [short story] (1894) 1 kappale
Oscar Wilde'i tarkuseraamat (2004) 1 kappale
Gondolatok (2001) 1 kappale
Versek 1 kappale
Hellenism (1979) 1 kappale
Ziele 1 kappale
Two tales 1 kappale
Magdalen walks 1 kappale
Ave! Maria 1 kappale
PAT 1 kappale
The New remorse 1 kappale
Easter Day 1 kappale
Lady Windermere's Fan (2006) 1 kappale
Oeuvres compls 1 kappale
Novelle 1 kappale
CUENTOS O. WILDE (1972) 1 kappale
Oykuler (2012) 1 kappale
Plume, pinceau et poison (2009) 1 kappale
The Georgics 1 kappale
Entrevista con el vampiro (2014) 1 kappale
Jane Eyre 1 kappale
f (2019) 1 kappale
Fairy Tales of Oscar Wilde, Volume 1 (2015) 1 kappale, 1 arvostelu
Vested (2002) 1 kappale
Oscar Wilde: Selected Plays (2004) 1 kappale
Obras de Oscar Wilde (2013) 1 kappale
Pohádky Oscara Wilda (1995) 1 kappale
FIABE MAGICHE 1 kappale
24 poesie 1 kappale
Stories Gone Wilde (2005) 1 kappale
Tutta la poesia (1962) 1 kappale
Cuentos I. Antología 1 kappale, 1 arvostelu
Rosa mystica (1990) 1 kappale
Oscar Wilde miscellaneous (2016) 1 kappale
Письма (1997) 1 kappale
Lezioni di stile 1 kappale
Oscar Wilde Fairy Tales (1930) 1 kappale
secreto de la vida, el (2013) 1 kappale
Oscar Wilde Selected Works. (1946) 1 kappale
Retrato De Dorian Gray (2000) 1 kappale
Part01 1 kappale
Worte sind gnadenlos. (2000) 1 kappale
Panthea 1 kappale
Bajke (1989) 1 kappale
Level 2 (2016) 1 kappale
Theatre à lire (2001) 1 kappale
Zloceste misli (2000) 1 kappale
La importancia de ser Frank (2010) 1 kappale
Four Stories (2015) 1 kappale
Balades 1 kappale

Associated Works

Satyricon (0001) — supposed translator, eräät painokset3,662 kappaletta, 35 arvostelua
Oscar Wilde (1987) — Subject — 1,972 kappaletta, 9 arvostelua
The Making of a Poem: A Norton Anthology of Poetic Forms (2000) — Avustaja — 1,279 kappaletta, 9 arvostelua
The Classic Fairy Tales [Norton Critical Edition] (1998) — Avustaja — 1,027 kappaletta, 5 arvostelua
The Nation's Favourite Poems (1996) — Avustaja, eräät painokset628 kappaletta, 7 arvostelua
The Book of Fantasy (1940) — Avustaja — 618 kappaletta, 13 arvostelua
Spells of Enchantment: The Wondrous Fairy Tales of Western Culture (1991) — Avustaja — 572 kappaletta, 4 arvostelua
A Treasury of the World's Best Loved Poems (1961) — Avustaja — 527 kappaletta, 4 arvostelua
Black Water: The Book of Fantastic Literature (1983) — Avustaja — 506 kappaletta, 8 arvostelua
A Patriot's Handbook: Songs, Poems, Stories and Speeches Celebrating the Land We Love (2003)eräät painokset497 kappaletta, 5 arvostelua
The Victorian Fairytale Book (1988) — Avustaja — 470 kappaletta, 3 arvostelua
Critical Theory Since Plato (1971) — Avustaja, eräät painokset403 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
The Oxford Book of Modern Fairy Tales (1993) — Avustaja — 372 kappaletta, 6 arvostelua
Eight Great Comedies (1958) — Avustaja — 352 kappaletta, 2 arvostelua
100 Ghastly Little Ghost Stories (1993) — Avustaja — 340 kappaletta, 4 arvostelua
Ghosts: A Treasury of Chilling Tales Old & New (1981) — Avustaja — 338 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Classic Victorian & Edwardian Ghost Stories (1996) 321 kappaletta, 2 arvostelua
24 Favorite One Act Plays (1958) — Avustaja — 290 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Witches & Warlocks: Tales of Black Magic, Old & New (1991) — Avustaja — 288 kappaletta, 4 arvostelua
Criticism: Major Statements (1964) — Avustaja — 224 kappaletta
The Golden Treasury of Children's Literature Set (1961) — Avustaja — 212 kappaletta, 4 arvostelua
The Penguin Book of Irish Verse (1970) — Avustaja — 201 kappaletta
Late Victorian Gothic Tales (2005) — Avustaja — 193 kappaletta
The Snow Queen and Other Winter Tales (2015) — Avustaja — 193 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
The Importance of Being Earnest [2002 film] (2002) — Original play — 192 kappaletta, 3 arvostelua
Love Letters (1996) — Avustaja — 186 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Masterpieces of the Drama (1966) — Avustaja — 180 kappaletta, 2 arvostelua
The Portable Victorian Reader (1972) — Avustaja — 177 kappaletta
Aesthetes and Decadents of the 1890s: An Anthology of British Poetry and Prose (1981) — Avustaja — 175 kappaletta, 2 arvostelua
The Big Book of Classic Fantasy (2019) — Avustaja — 172 kappaletta, 3 arvostelua
The Columbia Anthology of Gay Literature (1998) — Avustaja — 161 kappaletta
The Penguin Book of Irish Fiction (1999) — Avustaja — 151 kappaletta
The Twelve Dancing Princesses, and Other Fairy Tales (1964) — Avustaja — 148 kappaletta
Victorian Fairy Tales: The Revolt of the Fairies and Elves (1987) — Avustaja — 131 kappaletta
Irish Tales of Terror (1988) — Avustaja — 128 kappaletta, 2 arvostelua
Chilling Ghost Short Stories (2015) — Avustaja — 125 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
The Anarchist Reader (1977) — Tekijä, eräät painokset125 kappaletta
Sixteen Famous British Plays (1942) — Avustaja — 115 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
The Standard Book of British and American Verse (1932) — Avustaja — 115 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Thirty Famous One-Act Plays (1943) — Avustaja — 112 kappaletta, 2 arvostelua
Suuri kummituskirja (1990) — Avustaja — 111 kappaletta
The Provensen Book of Fairy Tales (1971) — Avustaja — 111 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
The Penguin Book of Mermaids (2019) — Avustaja — 102 kappaletta, 3 arvostelua
Oscar Wilde: A Biography (1910) — Avustaja — 101 kappaletta, 3 arvostelua
New Worlds for Old (1971) — Avustaja — 101 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Outstanding Short Stories [Penguin Readers] (1982) — Avustaja — 99 kappaletta
The Dedalus Book of Decadence (1990) — Avustaja — 99 kappaletta, 2 arvostelua
Treasury Of Gothic & Supernatural (1981) — Avustaja — 97 kappaletta, 3 arvostelua
Dorian Gray [2009 film] (2009) — Original story — 95 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Fairy Tales of Oscar Wilde, Vol. 1: The Selfish Giant & The Star Child (1992) — Avustaja — 95 kappaletta, 3 arvostelua
Decadent Poetry (2006) — Avustaja — 93 kappaletta
Great Stories for Young Readers (1969) — Avustaja — 92 kappaletta
A Book of Princesses (1963) — Avustaja — 88 kappaletta
Victorian Fairy Tales (2014) — Avustaja — 87 kappaletta, 5 arvostelua
Murder Mayhem Short Stories (Gothic Fantasy) (2016) — Avustaja — 86 kappaletta
The Treasury of English Short Stories (1985) — Avustaja — 85 kappaletta
Charles Keeping's Book of Classic Ghost Stories (1986) — Avustaja — 78 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Easter Stories: Classic Tales for the Holy Season (1656) — Avustaja — 77 kappaletta, 11 arvostelua
The Importance of Being Earnest [1952 film] (1952) — Original play — 76 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Selected Stories from the 19th Century (2000) — Avustaja — 75 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
The Folio Book of Comic Short Stories (1805) — Avustaja — 74 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Contemporary Drama: 15 Plays (1959) — Avustaja — 70 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
The Bedside Book of Famous British Stories (1940) — Avustaja — 67 kappaletta
Marvel Illustrated: The Picture of Dorian Gray (2008) — Avustaja — 66 kappaletta, 4 arvostelua
The Wordsworth Collection of Irish Ghost Stories (2005) — Avustaja — 65 kappaletta
The Mammoth Book of Fairy Tales (1997) — Avustaja — 62 kappaletta
Fairy Tales of Oscar Wilde, Vol. 2: The Young King & The Remarkable Rocket (1994) — Avustaja — 61 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Fairy Tales of Oscar Wilde, Vol. 3: The Birthday of the Infanta (1992) — Avustaja — 60 kappaletta, 2 arvostelua
Great Classic Stories: 22 Unabridged Classics (2005) — Avustaja — 54 kappaletta, 5 arvostelua
The Fourth Fontana Book of Great Ghost Stories (1967) — Avustaja — 53 kappaletta
The Second Dedalus Book of Decadence the Black Feast (1992) — Avustaja — 51 kappaletta, 3 arvostelua
Victorian Love Stories: An Oxford Anthology (1996) — Avustaja — 48 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
The Picture of Dorian Gray [1945 film] (1945) — Original novel — 45 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Poetry of Witness: The Tradition in English, 1500-2001 (2014) — Avustaja — 44 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
The Big Book of Victorian Mysteries (2021) — Avustaja — 43 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
A Century of Humour (1934) — Avustaja — 42 kappaletta
Oscar Wilde (2003) — Featured Artist — 42 kappaletta
Fairy Tales of Oscar Wilde, Vol. 5: The Happy Prince (2012) — Avustaja — 41 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
English National Opera Guide : Strauss : Salome + Elektra (1988) — Librettist [original text] — 39 kappaletta
America Visited (1937) — Avustaja — 39 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Comedy tonight!: Broadway picks its favorite plays (1977) — Avustaja — 38 kappaletta
The Genius of the Later English Theater (1962) — Avustaja — 36 kappaletta
Irish Ghost Stories (2011) — Avustaja — 35 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
The Vintage Book of Classic Crime (1993) — Avustaja — 34 kappaletta
Bodies in the Library: Short Stories (2020) — Avustaja — 33 kappaletta
The Essential Poetry Collection (2020) — Avustaja, eräät painokset33 kappaletta
Stories To Get You Through The Night (2010) — Avustaja — 33 kappaletta
Witches, Witches, Witches (1958) — Avustaja — 32 kappaletta
The Picture of Dorian Gray: A Moral Entertainment (1973) — Original play — 32 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
The Horned God: Weird Tales of the Great God Pan (2022) — Avustaja — 32 kappaletta
A Cross of Centuries: Twenty-five Imaginative Tales About the Christ (2007) — Avustaja — 28 kappaletta, 2 arvostelua
Great Ghost Stories: 34 Classic Tales of the Supernatural (2002) — Avustaja — 27 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
The Great Book of Thrillers (1935) — Avustaja — 27 kappaletta
A Book of Old Ballads (1934) — Avustaja — 26 kappaletta
A Book of Princes (1964) — Avustaja — 25 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Cuentos de amor victorianos (2004) — Avustaja — 24 kappaletta
Great Tales of Terror (1935) — Avustaja — 24 kappaletta
The Great Book of Humour (1935) — Avustaja — 22 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Graphic Classics: Oscar Wilde (2009) — Tekijä — 22 kappaletta, 2 arvostelua
The Selfish Giant (5 Minute Bedtime Story) (1996) — Tekijä — 22 kappaletta
Isaac Asimov Presents the Best Fantasy of the 19th Century (1982) — Avustaja — 22 kappaletta
The Looking Glass Book of Stories (1960) — Avustaja — 21 kappaletta
The World of Law, Volume II : The Law as Literature (1960) — Avustaja — 21 kappaletta
The Broadview Anthology of Victorian Short Stories (2004) — Avustaja — 20 kappaletta
Urban Crime Short Stories (2019) — Avustaja — 20 kappaletta
Twelve Classic One-Act Plays (2010) — Avustaja — 18 kappaletta
A Century of Thrillers from Poe to Arlen (First Series) (1934) — Avustaja — 18 kappaletta
Masters of British Literature, Volume B (2007) — Avustaja — 17 kappaletta
Wild Night Company: Irish Tales of Terror (1970) — Avustaja — 17 kappaletta
Great Classic Stories II: Eighteen Unabridged Classics (2010) — Avustaja — 16 kappaletta
Specter! A Chrestomathy of Spookery (1982) — Avustaja — 15 kappaletta
All verdens fortellere (1990) — Avustaja, eräät painokset15 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
A Little Night Reading: Twenty Tales of Horror and the Supernatural (1974) — Avustaja — 14 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Dark Holidays: A Collection of Ghost Stories (2006) — Avustaja — 13 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
The Harper Book of Princes (1964) — Avustaja — 13 kappaletta
The Religion of Beauty: Selections from the Aesthetes (1950) — Avustaja — 11 kappaletta
Bright Poems for Dark Days: An Anthology for Hope (2021) — Avustaja — 11 kappaletta
Love Stories (1997) — Avustaja — 11 kappaletta
Selected English short stories XIX & XX centuries (1914) — Avustaja — 11 kappaletta
The chameleon (1894) — Avustaja — 10 kappaletta
Englische Essays aus drei Jahrhunderten (1980) — Avustaja — 10 kappaletta
Fun & Quirky Classics: Short Stories by Oscar Wilde, Mark Twain and More (2022) — Avustaja — 9 kappaletta, 5 arvostelua
Fun Phantoms: Tales of Ghostly Entertainment (1979) — Avustaja — 9 kappaletta
A Treasury of Great Short Stories — Avustaja — 7 kappaletta
Thin Air: An Anthology of Ghost Stories (1966) — Avustaja — 7 kappaletta
The Decadent Short Story: An Annotated Anthology (2014) — Avustaja — 7 kappaletta
Thames: An Anthology of River Poems (1999) — Avustaja — 6 kappaletta
Fear! Fear! Fear! (1981) — Avustaja — 6 kappaletta
The Selfish Giant [2013 film] (2014) — Original book — 6 kappaletta
The Moth and Other Stories (1991) — Avustaja — 6 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Kipling and the Critics (1965) — Avustaja — 6 kappaletta
Ruckzuck: Die schnellsten Geschichten der Welt II (2008) — Tekijä, eräät painokset6 kappaletta
Jabberwocky 3 (2007) — Avustaja — 5 kappaletta
Representative One-Act Plays by British and Irish Authors (2009) — Avustaja — 5 kappaletta
Kuollut koskettaa keveästi (2011) 5 kappaletta
La poesía inglesa románticos y victorianos — Avustaja — 4 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
Six Short Stories (1991) — Avustaja — 4 kappaletta
Strauss : Salome [catchall] (1943) — Librettist [original text], eräät painokset4 kappaletta, 2 arvostelua
30 Eternal Masterpieces of Humorous Stories (2017) — Avustaja — 4 kappaletta
Strauss : Salome [video recording] [1992 film] {Royal Opera House} (1992) — Librettist [original text] — 4 kappaletta
Strauss : Salome [video recording] [2008 film] {Royal Opera House} (2008) — Librettist [original text] — 3 kappaletta
Immortal Stories (2013) — Avustaja — 3 kappaletta
Tredive mesterfortællinger — Tekijä, eräät painokset3 kappaletta, 1 arvostelu
The Canterville Ghost: Opera After Oscar Wilde — Original text — 3 kappaletta
The Picture of Dorian Gray [1973 TV movie] (1973) — Original book — 3 kappaletta
Best Crime Stories — Avustaja — 3 kappaletta
Strauss : Salome [video recording] [1997 film] {Royal Opera House} (1997) — Librettist [original text] — 3 kappaletta
Strauss : Salome [video recording] [2007 film] {Teatro alla Scala} (2007) — Librettist [original text] — 2 kappaletta
Strauss : Salome [video recording] [2008 film] {Metropolitan Opera} (2008) — Librettist [original text] — 2 kappaletta
Strauss : Salome [sound recording] {1968 Leinsdorf/London Symphony Orchestra} (1968) — Librettist [original text] — 2 kappaletta
The Picture of Dorian Gray [BBC Play of the Month 1976] — Author (novel) — 2 kappaletta
An Ideal Husband [1999 film] (1999) — Original play — 2 kappaletta
The Star Child (Clay Classics) [1994 film] (1994) — Original story — 2 kappaletta
Worlds Greatest Classics (Box Set of 4 Books) (2021) — Avustaja — 2 kappaletta
Lady Windermere's Fan [1925 film] — Original book — 2 kappaletta
An Ideal Husband [1947 film] (1948) — Original play — 2 kappaletta
Fantastyczne Opowieści — Avustaja — 1 kappale
Classic Tales [2008 TV series] (2008) — Avustaja — 1 kappale
Salome (Opéra National de Paris, 25-V-2024) (2024) — Libreto — 1 kappale
Wakacje Wśród Duchów — Avustaja — 1 kappale
Querelle: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (1982) — Tekijä — 1 kappale
Cuentos Requeridos 1 (2003) — Avustaja — 1 kappale
The Fan [1949 film] (2013) — Original story — 1 kappale
Strauss : Salome [sound recording] {1961 Solti/Vienna Philharmonic} (1961) — Librettist [original text] — 1 kappale
Strauss : Salome [sound recording] {1963 Suitner/Dresdner Staatskapelle} (1963) — Librettist [original text] — 1 kappale

Merkitty avainsanalla

1800-luku (1,800) Antologia (1,557) brittiläinen (683) brittiläinen kirjallisuus (794) classic literature (338) Draama (2,044) Elämäkerta (666) Englanti (583) englantilainen kirjallisuus (1,106) English (447) esseet (502) Fantasiakirjallisuus (992) fiktio (7,878) goottilainen (569) Huumori (967) Irlannin kirjallisuus (643) irlantilainen (481) Kauhu (1,114) Kindle (407) Kirjallisuus (2,595) Klassikko (2,269) klassikot (3,017) Komedia (510) luettavaksi (4,023) luettu (901) lukematon (385) novellit (1,901) näytelmä (928) näytelmät (1,483) oma (363) Oscar Wilde (1,037) Romaani (880) Runous (2,277) sadut (1,058) Satiiri (354) Sähkökirja (459) Teatteri (775) Tietokirjallisuus (604) viktoriaaninen (836) Wilde (494)

Yleistieto

Kanoninen nimi
Wilde, Oscar
Virallinen nimi
Wilde, Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills
Muut nimet
Melmoth, Sebastian (nimimerkki)
C. 3. 3. (nimimerkki)
Syntymäaika
1854-10-16
Kuolinaika
1900-11-30
Hautapaikka
Père-Lachaisen hautausmaa, Pariisi, Ranska
Sukupuoli
male
Kansalaisuus
Yhdistynyt kuningaskunta
Maa (karttaa varten)
Irlanti
Syntymäpaikka
Dublin, Irlanti
Kuolinpaikka
Pariisi, Ranska
Kuolinsyy
meningitis
Asuinpaikat
Dublin, Irlanti (1854-1874)
Oxford, Oxfordshire, Englanti (1874-1878)
Lontoo, Englanti (1878-1895)
Reading, Berkshire, Englanti (1895-1897)
Pariisi, Ranska (1897-1900)
Koulutus
Trinity College, Dublin
Oxfordin yliopisto
Ammatit
kirjailija
Suhteet
Wilde, William Robert (isä)
Wilde, Lady (äiti)
Douglas, Alfred Bruce (rakastaja)
Holland, Vyvyan (poika)
Holland, Merlin (pojanpoika)
Palkinnot ja kunnianosoitukset
Newdigate Prize for poetry (1878)
Lyhyt elämäkerta
Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 1854 – 30 November 1900) was an Irish poet and playwright. After writing in different forms throughout the 1880s, the early 1890s saw him become one of the most popular playwrights in London. He is best remembered for his epigrams, plays, and his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray.

Wilde's parents were Anglo-Irish intellectuals in Dublin. A young Wilde learned to speak fluent French and German. At university, Wilde read Greats; he demonstrated himself to be an exceptional classicist, first at Trinity College Dublin, then at Oxford. He became associated with the emerging philosophy of aestheticism, led by two of his tutors, Walter Pater and John Ruskin. After university, Wilde moved to London into fashionable cultural and social circles.

As a spokesman for aestheticism, he tried his hand at various literary activities: he published a book of poems, lectured in the United States and Canada on the new "English Renaissance in Art" and interior decoration, and then returned to London where he worked prolifically as a journalist. Known for his biting wit, flamboyant dress and glittering conversational skill, Wilde became one of the best-known personalities of his day. At the turn of the 1890s, he refined his ideas about the supremacy of art in a series of dialogues and essays, and incorporated themes of decadence, duplicity, and beauty into what would be his only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890). The opportunity to construct aesthetic details precisely, and combine them with larger social themes, drew Wilde to write drama. He wrote Salome (1891) in French while in Paris but it was refused a licence for England due to an absolute prohibition on the portrayal of Biblical subjects on the English stage. Unperturbed, Wilde produced four society comedies in the early 1890s, which made him one of the most successful playwrights of late-Victorian London.

At the height of his fame and success, while The Importance of Being Earnest (1895) was still being performed in London, Wilde prosecuted the Marquess of Queensberry for criminal libel. The Marquess was the father of Wilde's lover, Lord Alfred Douglas. The libel trial unearthed evidence that caused Wilde to drop his charges and led to his own arrest and trial for gross indecency with men. After two more trials he was convicted and sentenced to two years' hard labour, the maximum penalty, and was jailed from 1895 to 1897. During his last year in prison, he wrote De Profundis (published posthumously in 1905), a long letter which discusses his spiritual journey through his trials, forming a dark counterpoint to his earlier philosophy of pleasure. On his release, he left immediately for France, never to return to Ireland or Britain. There he wrote his last work, The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898), a long poem commemorating the harsh rhythms of prison life.

Jäseniä

Keskustelut

Lyra's Books- The Picture of Dorian Gray, Fine Press Forum (tammikuu 2023)
Amaranthine Books — The Picture of Dorian Gray, Fine Press Forum (toukokuu 2022)
Received: Bowler Press, Importance of Being Earnest, Fine Press Forum (joulukuu 2021)
Dorian Gray: Influence, One LibraryThing, One Book (maaliskuu 2014)
Dorian Gray: Discussion topics?, One LibraryThing, One Book (maaliskuu 2014)
Dorian Gray: Favorite one-liners?, One LibraryThing, One Book (helmikuu 2014)
Dorian Gray: The Ending, One LibraryThing, One Book (helmikuu 2014)
Dorian Gray: Dorian = Faust?, One LibraryThing, One Book (helmikuu 2014)
Dorian Gray: First impressions, One LibraryThing, One Book (helmikuu 2014)
Dorian Gray: Homoerotic subtext, One LibraryThing, One Book (helmikuu 2014)
Dorian Gray: How does Dorian stack up against Wilde's other work?, One LibraryThing, One Book (helmikuu 2014)
Dorian Gray: Characters, One LibraryThing, One Book (helmikuu 2014)
Dorian Gray: Links, One LibraryThing, One Book (helmikuu 2014)
1001 Group Read: October, 2011: The Picture of Dorian Gray, 1001 Books to read before you die (lokakuuta 2011)

Kirja-arvosteluja

Näytelmäkirjailijana ehkä paremmin tunnetun Oscar Wilden ainoaksi jäänyt romaani, Dorian Grayn muotokuva (1891), on kulttiklassikko.

Dorian Grayn muotokuva on kertomus nuoresta Dorianista, jota sekä miehet että naiset palvovat ja ihailevat hänen viattomuutensa ja poikkeuksellisen kauniin ulkonäkönsä vuoksi. Taiteilija Basil Hallward pitää Doriania jonkinlaisena muusanaan ja maalaa hänestä muotokuvan. Dorian itsekin joutuu muotokuvansa pauloihin ja julistaa, että hän antaisi vaikka sielunsa, jos hän vain voisi näyttää aina yhtä kauniilta ja vain hänen muotokuvansa vanhenisi. Dorianin pahaa-aavistamaton toive käy tietenkin toteen.

Lordi Henry Wotton manipuloi ja viettelee Dorianin mukaansa viettämään turmeltunutta keikarinelämää ja Dorianin itsekeskeisyys kasvaa hänen seurapiirisuosionsa myötä. Dorianin ystävät ja seuralaiset viettävät skandaalirikasta, nautiskelevaa elämää, jota ohjailevat hedonismin ja esteettisyyden periaatteet. Vähitellen nuorukaisen moraalitaju järkkyy ja hän kulkee petoksesta ja rikoksesta toiseen. Hänen ulkomuotonsa ei kuitenkaan paljasta hänen rappeutuneita ajatuksiaan, vaan ne näkyvät vain hänen maalatussa muotokuvassaan, jonka ilme ja ulkomuoto muuttuvat päivä päivältä vastenmielisemmäksi. Muotokuvasta tulee Dorianille pakkomielle, hänen omatuntonsa peili, jota hän vihaa ja häpeää, mutta joka myös kiehtoo häntä ja aiheuttaa hänessä pelonsekaista riippuvuutta. Dorian piilottaa muotokuvansa ullakolle, mutta tuntee tarvetta käydä vähän väliä katsomassa, mitä sille on tapahtunut.

Dorian Grayn muotokuvaa kritisoitiin aikanaan sen moraalittomuudesta ja homoseksuaalisuuteen viittaavista ihmissuhteista. Sitä yritettiin käyttää myös todisteena kirjailijan moraalittomista suhteista lopulta vankeusrangaistukseen johtaneessa oikeudenkäynnissä.

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GoST | 627 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Sep 5, 2012 |

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