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Walt Whitman (1819–1892)

Teoksen Leaves of Grass tekijä

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Tietoja tekijästä

Walt Whitman was born on Long Island and raised in Brooklyn, New York, the son of a carpenter. He left school when he was 11 years old to take a variety of jobs. By the time he was 15, Whitman was living on his own in New York City, working as a printer and writing short pieces for newspapers. He näytä lisää spent a few years teaching, but most of his work was either in journalism or politics. Gradually, Whitman became a regular contributor to a variety of Democratic Party newspapers and reviews, and early in his career established a rather eccentric way of life, spending a great deal of time walking the streets, absorbing life and talking with laborers. Extremely fond of the opera, he used his press pass to spend many evenings in the theater. In 1846, Whitman became editor of the Brooklyn Eagle, a leading Democratic newspaper. Two years later, he was fired for opposing the expansion of slavery into the west. Whitman's career as a poet began in 1885, with the publication of the first edition of his poetry collection, Leaves of Grass. The book was self-published (Whitman probably set some of the type himself), and despite his efforts to publicize it - including writing his own reviews - few people read it. One reader who did appreciate it was essayist Ralph Waldo Emerson, who wrote a letter greeting Whitman at "the beginning of a great career." Whitman's poetry was unlike any verse that had ever been seen. Written without rhyme, in long, loose lines, filled with poetic lists and exclamations taken from Whitman's reading of the Bible, Homer, and Asian poets, these poems were totally unlike conventional poetry. Their subject matter, too, was unusual - the celebration of a free-spirited individualist whose love for all things and people seemed at times disturbingly sensual. In 1860, with the publication of the third edition on Leaves of Grass, Whitman alienated conventional thinkers and writers even more. When he went to Boston to meet Emerson, poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, essayist Oliver Wendell Holmes, and poet James Russell Lowell, they all objected to the visit. With the outbreak of the Civil War, Whitman's attentions turned almost exclusively to that conflict. Some of the greatest poetry of his career, including Drum Taps (1865) and his magnificent elegy for President Abraham Lincoln, "When Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd" (1865), was written during this period. In 1862, his brother George was wounded in battle, and Whitman went to Washington to nurse him. He continued as a hospital volunteer throughout the war, nursing other wounded soldiers and acting as a benevolent father-figure and confidant. Parts of his memoir Specimen Days (1882) record this period. After the war, Whitman stayed on in Washington, working as a government clerk and continuing to write. In 1873 he suffered a stroke and retired to Camden, New Jersey, where he lived as an invalid for the rest of his life. Ironically, his reputation began to grow during this period, as the public became more receptive to his poetic and personal eccentricities. Whitman tried to capture the spirit of America in a new poetic form. His poetry is rough, colloquial, sweeping in its vistas - a poetic equivalent of the vast land and its varied peoples. Critic Louis Untermeyer has written, "In spite of Whitman's perplexing mannerisms, the poems justify their boundless contradictions. They shake themselves free from rant and bombastic audacities and rise into the clear air of major poetry. Such poetry is not large but self-assured; it knows, as Whitman asserted, the amplitude of time and laughs at dissolution. It contains continents; it unfolds the new heaven and new earth of the Western world." American poetry has never been the same since Whitman tore it away from its formal and thematic constraints, and he is considered by virtually all critics today to be one of the greatest poets the country has ever produced. (Bowker Author Biography) näytä vähemmän
Image credit: Photo by G. Frank E. Pearsall
Courtesy of the NYPL Digital Gallery
(image use requires permission from the New York Public Library)

Tekijän teokset

Leaves of Grass (1855) 10,380 kappaletta
Leaves of Grass (1855 edition) (1855) 2,894 kappaletta
The Complete Poems (1867) 1,371 kappaletta
Whitman: Poetry and Prose (1982) 1,289 kappaletta
Poetry for Young People: Walt Whitman (1997) 1,064 kappaletta
Leaves of Grass (1891-92 Edition) (1892) 952 kappaletta
Song of Myself (1984) 842 kappaletta
Selected Poems [ed. Appelbaum] (1991) 530 kappaletta
Leaves of Grass and Selected Prose (1949) 377 kappaletta
Selections from Leaves of Grass (1961) 297 kappaletta
On the Beach at Night Alone (2015) 209 kappaletta
Selected Poems [ed. Washington] (1993) 204 kappaletta
Specimen Days (1961) 174 kappaletta
Poems By Walt Whitman (1911) 144 kappaletta
The Essential Whitman (1987) 143 kappaletta
Specimen Days & Collect (1995) 119 kappaletta
Memoranda During the War (1876) 116 kappaletta
Selected Poems [ed. Bloom] (2003) 106 kappaletta
The Selected Poems of Walt Whitman (1892) 102 kappaletta
Drum taps (1865) 97 kappaletta
Selected Poems [ed. Crasnow] (1996) 93 kappaletta
Whitman [ed. Fielder] (1959) 88 kappaletta
O Captain! My Captain! (1970) 85 kappaletta
Leaves of Grass (1860 edition) (1860) 75 kappaletta
Three Great American Poets (1900) 73 kappaletta
The Walt Whitman Reader (1993) 71 kappaletta
Poetry for Kids: Walt Whitman (2017) 64 kappaletta
The poetry of Walt Whitman (1997) 64 kappaletta
Civil War Poems of Walt Whitman (1994) 61 kappaletta
I Hear America Singing (1800) 52 kappaletta
A Choice of Whitman's Verse (1973) 52 kappaletta
Live Oak, with Moss (2019) 44 kappaletta
Democratic Vistas (1871) 44 kappaletta
Voyages (1988) 44 kappaletta
Laws for Creations (2006) 43 kappaletta
Selected Poems [ed. Lipkin] (2000) 41 kappaletta
Walt Whitman's New York: From Manhattan to Montauk (1963) — Tekijä — 40 kappaletta
Selected Poems [Penguin Popular] (1945) 37 kappaletta
The Whitman Reader (1955) 36 kappaletta
Leaves of Grass (Everyman) (1993) 32 kappaletta
Miracles: the wonder of life (1969) 27 kappaletta
An American Primer (1986) 24 kappaletta
Walt Whitman 20 kappaletta
Nothing But Miracles (2003) 20 kappaletta
The Civil War Reader: Literature (1996) 20 kappaletta
The works of Walt Whitman (1968) 18 kappaletta
Walt Whitman: Selected Poems [Sweetwater Press] (2006) — Tekijä — 18 kappaletta
Memories of President Lincoln (1923) 16 kappaletta
Selected Letters of Walt Whitman (1990) 14 kappaletta
Meditations Of Walt Whitman (Meditations (Wilderness)) (2004) — Tekijä — 12 kappaletta
Hojas de hierba- 2018 (2019) 12 kappaletta
American Bard (1982) 11 kappaletta
November Boughs (1889) 11 kappaletta
Walt Whitman [ed. Moore] (1987) 10 kappaletta
The Norton Anthology - Walt Whitman & Emily Dickinson (1998) — Tekijä — 10 kappaletta
Cálamo (1993) 10 kappaletta
Whitman (1968) 9 kappaletta
Two prefaces 8 kappaletta
Selections: Whitman/Dickinson (1997) 8 kappaletta
Overhead the Sun (1969) 8 kappaletta
The correspondence (2004) 7 kappaletta
The gathering of the forces (1920) 7 kappaletta
Cimen Yapraklari - II (2020) 6 kappaletta
Cimen Yapraklari (2015) 6 kappaletta
Obra escogida (Spanish Edition) (2017) 6 kappaletta
Leaves of Grass a selection of Poems — Tekijä — 6 kappaletta
Gresstrå 1 (2006) 6 kappaletta
Digte 5 kappaletta
Whitman: The Mystic Poets (2004) 5 kappaletta
Whitman the Poet (1964) 5 kappaletta
City of orgies & other poems (1980) 4 kappaletta
A Whitman Portrait (1960) 4 kappaletta
Best-Loved Poems for Children (2011) 4 kappaletta
Song of the Open Road (1990) 4 kappaletta
The book of heavenly death (2009) 4 kappaletta
Sequel to Drum-Taps (1959) 4 kappaletta
Hymnen für die Erde (1958) 4 kappaletta
Slang in America 3 kappaletta
the early poems and the fiction (1963) 3 kappaletta
Utvalda dagar (2016) 3 kappaletta
Canti d'addio 3 kappaletta
Song of the Broad-Axe 3 kappaletta
Hijos de Adán: Cálamo (1981) 3 kappaletta
Días memorables de América (2014) 3 kappaletta
Obras completas. II (2005) 3 kappaletta
The Walt Whitman Megapack (2014) 3 kappaletta
Complete Writings Vol. 3 (2018) 3 kappaletta
There Was a Child Went Forth (2012) 3 kappaletta
La quercia 3 kappaletta
La parola del corpo (2000) 3 kappaletta
Leaves of Grass (Selection) II (2003) 2 kappaletta
Leaves of Grass 2 kappaletta
Short Stories 2 kappaletta
The wisdom of Walt Whitman (1979) 2 kappaletta
The best of Whitman 2 kappaletta
Two Rivulets 2 kappaletta
Prose Works (2016) 2 kappaletta
Rohulehed (2021) 2 kappaletta
Pictures : a poem 2 kappaletta
The Pamphlet Poets (1926) 2 kappaletta
Selected Poems by Whitman (2006) 2 kappaletta
Les fulles d'herba (1983) 2 kappaletta
Collected writings 2 kappaletta
CALAMO (2017) 1 kappale
Visões Democráticas (2012) 1 kappale
Vidas ejemplares 1 kappale
Walt Whitman's poetry : a study & a selection (1978) — Tekijä — 1 kappale
diVersi 1 kappale
Three Poems 1 kappale
"The Sleepers" 1 kappale
FIJE BARI 1 kappale
Drum Tabs (2021) 1 kappale
Two Rivulets 1 kappale
Paroles du Nouveau Monde (1997) 1 kappale
Habla Walt Whitman (2008) 1 kappale
American poetry 1 kappale
Manahatta 1 kappale
Fuldkomne Dage 1 kappale
Canti scelti 1 kappale
Whitman's Poems 1 kappale
City of Orgies (2012) 1 kappale
Poems and prose 1 kappale
Eidolons 1 kappale
Werke 1 kappale
new york dissected (1972) 1 kappale
Prosaschriften 1 kappale
Collected Poetry (2003) 1 kappale
Valitut runot (2007) 1 kappale
Choix de poèmes 1 kappale
Kosmos 1 kappale
Jag hör Amerika sjunga (2019) 1 kappale
Canto una vita immensa (2009) 1 kappale
Lincoln (2016) 1 kappale
Poesías 1 kappale
Opere alese 1 kappale
Lyrik und Prosa 1 kappale
collected prose 1 kappale
Leaves of grass; Volume 1 (2013) 1 kappale
Ruohonlehtiä 1 kappale
Američke priče (2015) 1 kappale
The Poetry of Walt Whitman (1999) 1 kappale
Warble for Lilac-Time (2016) 1 kappale

Associated Works

One Hundred and One Famous Poems (1916) — Avustaja, eräät painokset1,961 kappaletta
The Making of a Poem: A Norton Anthology of Poetic Forms (2000) — Avustaja — 1,272 kappaletta
Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama (1995) — Avustaja, eräät painokset929 kappaletta
English Poetry, Volume III: From Tennyson to Whitman (1909) — Avustaja — 622 kappaletta
The Outlaw Bible of American Poetry (1999) — Avustaja — 598 kappaletta
The Best Loved Poems of Jacqueline Kennedy-Onassis (2001) — Avustaja — 553 kappaletta
A Treasury of the World's Best Loved Poems (1961) — Avustaja — 526 kappaletta
Prefaces and Prologues to Famous Books (1909) — Avustaja — 522 kappaletta
A Pocket Book of Modern Verse (1954) — Avustaja, eräät painokset449 kappaletta
American Earth: Environmental Writing Since Thoreau (2008) — Avustaja — 417 kappaletta
Walt Whitman's America: A Cultural Biography (1995) — Associated Name — 415 kappaletta
The Rag and Bone Shop of the Heart: A Poetry Anthology (1992) — Avustaja — 393 kappaletta
Ten Poems to Change Your Life (2001) — Avustaja — 355 kappaletta
Our White House: Looking In, Looking Out (2008) — Avustaja — 353 kappaletta
Literature: The Human Experience (2006) — Avustaja — 341 kappaletta
Growing Up Gay/Growing Up Lesbian: A Literary Anthology (1993) — Avustaja — 287 kappaletta
Writing New York: A Literary Anthology (1998) — Avustaja — 282 kappaletta
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Volume 1 (1990) — Avustaja, eräät painokset256 kappaletta
The Civil War: The First Year Told By Those Who Lived It (2011) — Avustaja — 243 kappaletta
The Penguin Book of Homosexual Verse (1983) — Avustaja — 237 kappaletta
A Treasury of Poetry for Young People (2008) — Avustaja — 206 kappaletta
The Civil War: The Second Year Told By Those Who Lived It (2012) — Avustaja — 175 kappaletta
American Religious Poems: An Anthology (2006) — Avustaja — 164 kappaletta
The Columbia Anthology of Gay Literature (1998) — Avustaja — 160 kappaletta
Best Remembered Poems (1992) — Avustaja — 159 kappaletta
The Civil War: The Third Year Told by Those Who Lived It (2013) — Avustaja — 145 kappaletta
Life in the Iron Mills [Bedford Cultural Editions] (1997) — Avustaja — 143 kappaletta
The Faber Book of Beasts (1997) — Avustaja — 141 kappaletta
A Comprehensive Anthology of American Poetry (1929) — Avustaja — 130 kappaletta
The Standard Book of British and American Verse (1932) — Avustaja — 116 kappaletta
The Norton Book of Travel (1987) — Avustaja — 111 kappaletta
Soul: An Archaeology--Readings from Socrates to Ray Charles (1994) — Avustaja — 101 kappaletta
The Norton Book of Friendship (1991) — Avustaja — 96 kappaletta
Poets of the Civil War (2005) — Avustaja — 94 kappaletta
Do You Know What It Means to Miss New Orleans? (2006) — Avustaja — 93 kappaletta
A Life in Medicine: A Literary Anthology (2002) — Avustaja — 83 kappaletta
The Everyman Anthology of Poetry for Children (1994) — Avustaja — 73 kappaletta
The Name of Love: Classic Gay Love Poems (1995) — Avustaja — 51 kappaletta
The Ecopoetry Anthology (2013) — Avustaja — 49 kappaletta
Poetry of Witness: The Tradition in English, 1500-2001 (2014) — Avustaja — 42 kappaletta
Summer: A Spiritual Biography of the Season (2005) — Avustaja — 38 kappaletta
Strange Glory (1977) — Avustaja — 22 kappaletta
Racconti Gialli (1992) — Tekijä — 20 kappaletta
AQA Anthology (2002) — Tekijä, eräät painokset19 kappaletta
Ellery Queen's Poetic Justice (1967) — Avustaja, eräät painokset18 kappaletta
Constructing Nature: Readings from the American Experience (1996) — Avustaja — 17 kappaletta
Queer Nature: A Poetry Anthology (2022) — Avustaja — 17 kappaletta
The Mark of Zorro [1920 film] (1920) — Actor — 15 kappaletta
Great Writers and Poets in Ten Volumes (2007) — Tekijä — 13 kappaletta
Trees: A Celebration (1989) — Avustaja — 13 kappaletta
The planets ; The mystic trumpeter (sound recording) (2002) — Poet — 13 kappaletta
Love This Giant (2012) — Säveltäjä — 11 kappaletta
American Poems 1779-1900 (1922) — Avustaja — 11 kappaletta
Great Short Works of the American Renaissance (1967) — Avustaja — 10 kappaletta
Spring World, Awake: Stories, Poems, and Essays (1970) — Avustaja — 9 kappaletta
Mitt skattkammer. b.9 Gjennom tidene — Avustaja — 9 kappaletta
Men and Women: The Poetry of Love (1970) — Avustaja — 8 kappaletta
American Poetry from the Beginning to Whitman (1931) — Avustaja — 7 kappaletta
Onthebus No. 8 and 9 — Avustaja — 6 kappaletta
Toward the unknown region [score] — Lyricist — 5 kappaletta
A Gathering of Ghosts: A Treasury (1970) — Avustaja — 4 kappaletta
La poesía inglesa románticos y victorianos — Avustaja — 4 kappaletta
Let Us Be Men (1969) — Avustaja — 3 kappaletta
Great Poems from Chaucer to Whitman — Avustaja — 3 kappaletta
The Best of American Poetry [Audio] (1997) — Avustaja — 1 kappale
The California quarterly — Avustaja, eräät painokset1 kappale

Merkitty avainsanalla

Yleistieto

Kanoninen nimi
Whitman, Walt
Virallinen nimi
Whitman, Walter
Muut nimet
Whitman, Walt
Syntymäaika
1819-05-31
Kuolinaika
1892-03-26
Hautapaikka
Harleigh Cemetery, Camden, New Jersey, USA
Sukupuoli
male
Kansalaisuus
Yhdysvallat
Maa (karttaa varten)
USA
Syntymäpaikka
West Hills, Huntington, Long Island, New York, USA
Kuolinpaikka
Camden, New Jersey, USA
Kuolinsyy
miliary tuberculosis and parenchymatous nephritis
Asuinpaikat
Washington, D.C., USA
Brooklyn, New York, USA
Georgetown, Colorado, USA
Laurel Springs, New Jersey, USA
New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
Koulutus
self-educated
Ammatit
poet
novelist
short-story writer
essayist
editor
teacher (näytä kaikki 12)
nurse
typesetter
apprentice printer
convention delegate
journalist
clerk (Bureau of Indian Affairs ∙ U.S. Department of the Interior)
Organisaatiot
The Patriot
Long Islander
Long Island Democrat
Brooklyn Eagle
Palkinnot ja kunnianosoitukset
The Hall of Fame for Great Americans (1930)
Gave Commencement Address at Dartmouth College (1872)
Walt Whitman Bridge
Lyhyt elämäkerta
Walter Whitman Jr. (May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892) was an American poet, essayist and journalist. A humanist, he was a part of the transition between transcendentalism and realism, incorporating both views in his works. Whitman is among the most influential poets in the American canon, often called the father of free verse. His work was controversial in his time, particularly his 1855 poetry collection Leaves of Grass, which was described as obscene for its overt sensuality.

Born in Huntington on Long Island, Whitman resided in Brooklyn as a child and through much of his career. At the age of 11, he left formal schooling to go to work. Later, Whitman worked as a journalist, a teacher, and a government clerk. Whitman's major poetry collection, Leaves of Grass, was first published in 1855 with his own money and became well known. The work was an attempt at reaching out to the common person with an American epic. He continued expanding and revising it until his death in 1892. During the American Civil War, he went to Washington, D.C. and worked in hospitals caring for the wounded. His poetry often focused on both loss and healing. On the death of Abraham Lincoln, whom Whitman greatly admired, he wrote his well known poems, "O Captain! My Captain!" and "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd", and gave a series of lectures. After a stroke towards the end of his life, Whitman moved to Camden, New Jersey, where his health further declined. When he died at the age of 72, his funeral was a public event.

Whitman's influence on poetry remains strong. Mary Whitall Smith Costelloe argued: "You cannot really understand America without Walt Whitman, without Leaves of Grass ... He has expressed that civilization, 'up to date,' as he would say, and no student of the philosophy of history can do without him." Modernist poet Ezra Pound called Whitman "America's poet ... He is America."

Jäseniä

Keskustelut

Walt Whitman, Someone explain it to me... (tammikuu 23)
Arion Press "Leaves of Grass" on ABE, Fine Press Forum (lokakuuta 2022)

Kirja-arvosteluja

 
Merkitty asiattomaksi
filbo_2024 | Apr 26, 2024 |
Lovely edition, a printer's edition. As stated in the preface - "it is remarkable that with his knowledge of bookmaking, old fashioned or not, he would write poems that present such a problem with its typography."

Therefore - "A prose poem version of Song of Myself from the original Leaves of Grass would solve the typographical problem, would make the text more readable, and would not change the intent of the written subject."

It reads interesting, if more rushed, as I had to pause for breath. On the Roadish.

I liked it, a very interesting attempt.
… (lisätietoja)
 
Merkitty asiattomaksi
kcshankd | 20 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Apr 21, 2024 |
Fun little essay on the ways of evolution of American words.

Includes this quote, from 'an Oregon traveler':

'On the way to Olympia by rail, you cross a river called Skookum-Chuck; your train stops at places named Newaukum, Tumwater, and Toutle; and if you seek further you will hear of whole counties labeled Wahkiakum, or Snohomish, or Kitsap, or Klikatat; and Cowlitz, Hookium, and Nenolelops greet and offend you. They complain in Olympia that Washington Territory gets but little immigration; but what wonder? What man, having the whole American continent to choose from, would willingly date his letters from the County of Snohomish, or bring up his children in the city of Nenolelops: the village of Tumwater is, as I am ready to bear witness, very pretty indeed; but surely an emigrant would think twice before he established himself either there or at Toutle. Seattle is sufficiently barbarous; Stelicon is no better; and I suspect that the Northern Pacific Railroad terminus has been fixed at Tacoma because it is one of the few places on Puget Sound whose name does not inspire horror.'… (lisätietoja)
 
Merkitty asiattomaksi
kcshankd | Apr 19, 2024 |
Beautiful, well-made, so earnest it makes my heart hurt.
 
Merkitty asiattomaksi
localgayangel | Mar 5, 2024 |

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