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Baruch Spinoza (1632–1677)

Teoksen Etiikka tekijä

253+ Works 8,238 Jäsentä 88 arvostelua 57 Favorited

About the Author

Baruch Spinoza was born in Amsterdam, the son of Portuguese Jewish refugees who had fled from the persecution of the Spanish Inquisition. Although reared in the Jewish community, he rebelled against its religious views and practices, and in 1656 was formally excommunicated from the näytä lisää Portuguese-Spanish Synagogue of Amsterdam and was thus effectively cast out of the Jewish world. He joined a group of nonconfessional Christians (although he never became a Christian), the Collegiants, who professed no creeds or practices but shared a spiritual brotherhood. He was also apparently involved with the Quaker mission in Amsterdam. Spinoza eventually settled in The Hague, where he lived quietly, studying philosophy, science, and theology, discussing his ideas with a small circle of independent thinkers, and earning his living as a lens grinder. He corresponded with some of the leading philosophers and scientists of his time and was visited by Leibniz and many others. He is said to have refused offers to teach at Heidelberg or to be court philosopher for the Prince of Conde. During his lifetime he published only two works, The Principles of Descartes' Philosophy (1666) and the Theological Political Tractatus (1670). In the first his own theory began to emerge as the consistent consequence of that of Descartes (see also Vol. 5). In the second, he gave his reasons for rejecting the claims of religious knowledge and elaborated his theory of the independence of the state from all religious factions. After his death (probably caused by consumption resulting from glass dust), his major work, the Ethics, appeared in his Opera Posthuma, and presented the full metaphysical basis of his pantheistic view. Spinoza's influence on the Enlightenment, on the Romantic Age, and on modern secularism has been tremendous. (Bowker Author Biography) näytä vähemmän

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Sisältää myös: Espinosa (1)

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Tekijän teokset

Etiikka (1677) 2,832 kappaletta
Theological-Political Treatise (1670) 974 kappaletta
Spinoza: Complete Works (1955) 239 kappaletta
Political Treatise (1675) 117 kappaletta
Spinoza Selections (1930) 101 kappaletta
Briefwisseling (1925) 100 kappaletta
Philosophy of Benedict de Spinoza (1927) 98 kappaletta
The Ethics and Selected Letters (1982) — Tekijä — 70 kappaletta
Chief works (1951) 50 kappaletta
Etica-Trattato teologico-politico (1980) 38 kappaletta
Philosophy of Benedict De Spinoza (1933) 30 kappaletta
Traité politique ; Lettres (1966) 26 kappaletta
Korte geschriften (1982) 19 kappaletta
De draagbare Spinoza (1992) 15 kappaletta
Spinoza 14 kappaletta
The Book of God (1958) 13 kappaletta
De uitgelezen Spinoza (1999) 13 kappaletta
Reflections and Maxims (1965) 11 kappaletta
Letters to friend and foe (1966) 11 kappaletta
Writings on political philosophy (1937) 10 kappaletta
Os Pensadores - Espinosa (1997) 10 kappaletta
La libertà di pensiero (2014) 8 kappaletta
Obras completas (1966) 8 kappaletta
Staatkundige verhandeling (2014) 6 kappaletta
De Dios (Ética) (2007) 5 kappaletta
Éthique (2021) 4 kappaletta
Pisma wczesne (2009) 4 kappaletta
Traktaty. Etyka 4 kappaletta
De la droite manière de vivre (2016) 3 kappaletta
Œuvres complètes (2022) 3 kappaletta
Spinoza (2000) 3 kappaletta
La superstizione 3 kappaletta
Antología (1986) 2 kappaletta
Spinoza 2 kappaletta
Etica: passi scelti 2 kappaletta
国家論 (岩波文庫) (1976) 2 kappaletta
Spinoza (1996) 2 kappaletta
Spinoza I: Etica 2 kappaletta
Tratado político (2023) 2 kappaletta
Ifjúkori művek (1956) 2 kappaletta
Dio 2 kappaletta
Traktaty (2000) 2 kappaletta
איגרות 2 kappaletta
Ethica / druk 7 2 kappaletta
Spinoza de Brieven over God (2016) 2 kappaletta
اخلاق 1 kappale
tica 1 kappale
The Rationalists 1 kappale
L'Etica 1 kappale
Törebilim (2020) 1 kappale
Philosophie et politique (1985) 1 kappale
Ei otsikkoa 1 kappale
מאמר מדיני (1982) 1 kappale
Spinoza 1 kappale
Briefwechsel (1977) 1 kappale
Espinosa 1 kappale
Kisa Inceleme (2015) 1 kappale
Spinoza (1998) 1 kappale
Selected Letters 1 kappale
Éthique 1 kappale
Opere scelte 1 kappale
Tom. 3-4 1 kappale
Tom. 1-2 1 kappale

Associated Works

The European Philosophers from Descartes to Nietzsche (1960) — Avustaja — 427 kappaletta
Western Philosophy: An Anthology (1996) — Tekijä, eräät painokset181 kappaletta
Atheism: A Reader (2000) — Avustaja — 181 kappaletta
Man and Spirit: The Speculative Philosophers (1947) — Avustaja — 172 kappaletta
A golden treasury of Jewish literature (1937) — Avustaja — 74 kappaletta
Materialism and the mind-body problem (1971) — Avustaja — 70 kappaletta
Classics of Modern Political Theory : Machiavelli to Mill (1996) — Avustaja — 48 kappaletta
Britannica Great Books: Bacon, Descartes, Spinoza (1990) — Avustaja — 19 kappaletta
The liberal tradition in European thought (1971) — Avustaja, eräät painokset16 kappaletta

Merkitty avainsanalla


Kanoninen nimi
Spinoza, Baruch
Virallinen nimi
Espinosa, Baruch
Spinosa, Bento de
Muut nimet
Spinoza, Benedictus de
Spinoza, Baruch de
Cemetery of the New Church on the Spui, The Hague, Netherlands
Amsterdam, Holland, Dutch Republic
The Hague, Holland, Dutch Republic
Amsterdam, Holland, Dutch Republic
The Hague, Holland, Dutch Republic
Rijnsburg, Netherlands
Pereira yeshibah, Amsterdam, Netherlands
lens grinder
Lyhyt elämäkerta
Baruch Spinoza was born in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, to a Sephardic Jewish family whose recent ancestors had been expelled from or fled Spain and Portugal. He received a thorough education, including the study of medieval philosophy as well as the works of Descartes, Hobbes, and other contemporaries. He became a key philosopher and writer laying the groundwork for the Enlightenment, though the importance of his work was not fully realized until many years after his death.
Based on his radical views, the Jewish religious authorities in Amsterdam banned him from their society at age 23. Around this time, he adopted the Latin form of his name, Benedictus de Spinoza. He made a living grinding optical lenses, and continued his scholarly writing. He died in 1677 at age 44, allegedly of a lung illness, perhaps caused by the dust inhaled during his work. Of his writings, only A Treatise on Religious and Political Philosophy (1670) was published during his lifetime. His books Ethics, Political Treatise, and Hebrew Grammar appeared posthumously in 1677.



Mini flash-mob for Spinoza's Library, Legacy Libraries (lokakuuta 2012)
I believe in the God of Spinoza Albert Einstein, Philosophy and Theory (elokuu 2009)


Fascinating--I'm glad I finally read this. Being raised an Atheist and knowing little about religion, I found this book very challenging, but informative. Spinoza's ultimate message seems to be that God/Religion is in the world around us--i.e. nature is God and God is nature. I'm surprised that he was allowed to advance this philosopy at the time that he did. He also seemed to employ quite a bit of sarcasm, which also surprised me, but which enlivened the reading.
Merkitty asiattomaksi
lschiff | 10 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Sep 24, 2023 |
My first reading of many. A familiarisation of Spinoza's philosophical landscape. It is at times confusing and at times beautiful.
Merkitty asiattomaksi
Nealmaro | 39 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Jul 28, 2023 |
Must read. Spinoza's Ethics translated by none other than the glorious George Eliot.
Merkitty asiattomaksi
wmperez | 39 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Jun 24, 2023 |
Wow, so many 5's and rave reviews from Goodreads readers, but why, why, why? All these definitions, propositions, and demonstrations trying to lay out a logical proof make for such ponderous reading. What Spinoza presents is basically a vision. Why not present it as an extended essay, or better yet, a suitable philosophical form such as allegory, dialog -- or even better yet, an extended poem (Dante surely comes to mind). Why does Spinoza choose for his medium something as dry as a logical proof? The untutored won't be able to follow it and the well tutored, if they value their time, seem likely to poke holes in it, shrug, sigh, and move on. If I want to find out what Spinoza is about, I'll start by reading about Spinoza. I won't wear our my molars on this.… (lisätietoja)
Merkitty asiattomaksi
Cr00 | 39 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Apr 1, 2023 |



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