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Associated Works

Quick Studies: The Best of Lingua Franca (2002) — Avustaja — 108 kappaletta
Theory's Empire: An Anthology of Dissent (2005) — Avustaja — 100 kappaletta

Merkitty avainsanalla

Yleistieto

Syntymäaika
1955
Sukupuoli
male
Kansalaisuus
USA

Jäseniä

Kirja-arvosteluja

تيار ما بعد الحداثة هو اتجاه فكري بدأ في الظهور أواخر القرن العشرين وما زال آخذاً في الانتشار، خصوصاً بين مدعي العلم والثقافة في الجامعات ومراكز السلطة في جميع أنحاء العالم.
تقول هذه الحركة في أساسها أن كل أشكال المعرفة هي تصور وتركيب مجتمعي، ولا وجود لحقائق موضوعية أو نظريات مثبتة، بل يمكن لأي معتقد أو وجهة نظر أن تصحّ.
يستخدم بعض فلاسفة ما بعد الحداثة المؤثرين والمشهورين تكتيكات مريبة تسيء استخدام الحقائق العلمية وتعمل على طيّها، وهنا تكمن خطورتها على العلم والمجتمع.
من وسائل مدّعي العلم والثقافة من أتباع هذا التيار هو استخدام اللغة الغامضة المنمقة المحشوة بالكلمات البليغة والمصطلحات الفخمة، وهي في حقيقتها كلام فارغ خالٍ من أي معنى أو دلالة، فيصفّق لهم من يخافون الاعتراف بعدم الفهم ومن يرغبون بالظهور بمظهر الأذكياء، ويعملون على تقليدهم.
في محاولة لكشف هراء ما بعد الحداثة وأثرها على البحث العلمي، عمد المؤلف إلى كتابة ورقة بحثية مستخدماً ذات الأسلوب، مستعيناً بأسماء واقتباسات معروفة في الوسط العلمي ليعطي بحثه مصداقية وهمية، وقدم الورقة لمجلة علمية ذات أهمية. بعد قبول ورقته ونشرها في المجلة صرّح المؤلف أنه ليس لما كتبه أي قيمة علمية أو معنى، وما هو إلا رطانة خالصة وهراء مستتر تحت غطاء من التكلّف اللفظي والتنميق الإنشائي.

وهكذا، يسلط الكتاب الضوء على مخاطر فكر ما بعد الحداثة على الطريقة العلمية بشكل خاص، مورداً عدة أمثلة في هذا السياق.
أمتعني جداً وزادني اطلاعاً على ظاهرة ألاحظ تفشيها منذ زمن.
… (lisätietoja)
 
Merkitty asiattomaksi
TonyDib | 16 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Jan 28, 2022 |
1996-ban Alan Sokal „A határok áttörése: arccal a kvantumgravitáció transzformatív hermeneutikája felé" furcsa címmel egy esszét adott le a befolyásos Social Text nevű lapnak, amelyet hamarosan közöltek is. Ebben a cikkben a szerző - a fogalmak eredeti jelentését félreértő szövegek felhasználásával - egy teljesen értelmetlen elméletet fejtett ki.
A tanulmányt paródiának szánta, és hamarosan elkészült az önleleplező cikkel is, ám a neves folyóirat nem gyakorolt önkritikát, és elutasította a közlést. Az itt közreadott könyv Függeléke tartalmazza mindkét cikket, s azt javasoljuk, hogy az Olvasó elsősorban ezeket olvassa át. Az Intellektuális imposztorok ugyanis az említett csínytevés következménye. Sokal be akarta bizonyítani, hogy cikkével nem áll egyedül: a könyvben számos ismert és nagyra becsült francia posztmodern gondolkodótól idéz, s lépésről lépésre kimutatja, hogy a műveikben az általa elkövetettekkel rokon intellektuális merényletek érhetők tetten.
Amikor 1997 végén az Intellektuális imposztorok megjelent, az általa okozott sokk végiggyűrűzött Franciaországon. A könyvet magasztalták és gyalázták, heves vitákat váltott ki intellektuális szigorról és tisztességről.

A szerzők fizikusok. Alan Sokal professzor a New York-i egyetemen, Jean Bricmont a Louvain-i egyetemen, Belgiumban.
Könyvükkel nem az a céljuk, hogy leszedjék a keresztvizet az általuk irigyelt, neves filozófusokról, gondolkodókról. Hitük és meggyőződésük, hogy a tényeket figyelmen kívül hagyó, a tudomány leplébe burkolózó fantáziálás súlyos kárt okoz a mindenkori filozófiáknak.
… (lisätietoja)
 
Merkitty asiattomaksi
Gabriyella | 16 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Jan 16, 2022 |
So people don't like being told what to do, yet they don't have a problem listening to pseudoscientists and homeopaths? The problem is a lot simpler: people like to feel smart. Smarter than those around them. And science, real science is difficult to understand, which makes people feel dumb.

So the solution comes when the media and pseudoscientists dumb it down and add their very own spin on it. "Resveratrol, a chemical found in red wine, has slight beneficial effect in vitro" suddenly becomes "A glass of red wine a day keeps cancer away" and then "Wine cures your cancer! No need for those "expert" doctors". This makes people feel smart because they "understand" science and at the same time gives them the impression that they can take control of their health by following a set of simple, cheap steps. People don't want to hear "whatever you do, however healthy you are, you may still get cancer one day", they like to believe that they are in control. So as long as pseudoscientists offer simple (although ultimately useless) solutions to people's worries, they will pay attention to them, instead of doctors and scientists who have to work within the confines of reality and evidence.

At heart we simply do not spend enough money on communication. Local authorities, governments, scientists, etc. no-one really values communication. We are suspicious of its power and view it as the first thing to cut when budgets are tight.

The bigger part of the EU's problems have been to do with effective communication of what it does, how it works, how it benefits individuals and communities across Europe. All institutions involved in helping to move humanity towards a better, fairer, greener place need to be working 24 hours a day to inform and to work with the communities they serve to ensure that everyone understands why public policy is as it is, and to ensure there is a living and constructive dialogue taking place.

The biggest gift that education can give anyone is the ability to know when you are being bullshitted. With the internet, social media, and the great global subconscious this is more important than ever. If we want to avoid returning to the Dark Ages, as demagogues exploit ignorance and cynicism to their own advantage, we need to invest in peer to peer communication.

Why should we just accept what scientists say is good for us when they lie and change their minds? We've been told for years that if you have marginally high blood pressure, you should take medicine to reduce it. Now it turns out it will only prolong your life for less than a week. The consensus in the medical world is still that high cholesterol is bad for you, but now it turns out that people with high cholesterol live longer and that statins only help 1 in 128 people and their side-effects affect 1 in 10.

(I'm not saying that one is right and the other wrong, just that it's contradictory. And by the way, there aren't two types of cholesterol - one good, one bad - there is only one cholesterol.)

Same with GMO foods. When we will people see that it's all about what will make money for the big corporations - it's not for our good at all.

When scientific research is independent of Monsanto, Pfizer etc. and all the information is freely available, I'll begin to trust it. Until then, I'll be sceptical of every so-called expert and want to know what kickbacks he/she is getting.
… (lisätietoja)
 
Merkitty asiattomaksi
antao | 5 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Aug 27, 2020 |

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