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Carl Schmitt (1888–1985)

Teoksen Poliittisen käsite tekijä

111+ teosta 2,680 jäsentä 22 arvostelua 8 Favorited

Tietoja tekijästä

Carl Schmitt (1888-1985) is widely acknowledged to be one of the most important and influential political theorists of the twentieth century.

Sisältää nimet: Carl Schmitt, Карл Шмитт

Tekijän teokset

Poliittisen käsite (1971) 753 kappaletta
Legality and Legitimacy (1993) 94 kappaletta
Constitutional Theory (1993) 93 kappaletta
Political Romanticism (1981) 85 kappaletta
Land and Sea (1942) — Tekijä — 79 kappaletta
The Tyranny of Values (1996) 24 kappaletta
Writings on War (1994) 21 kappaletta
Dialogues on power and space (2015) 16 kappaletta
Dialogo sul potere (2006) — Tekijä — 15 kappaletta
War/non-war: A Dilemma (1988) 11 kappaletta
Four Articles: 1931-1938 (1999) 7 kappaletta
Du libéralisme autoritaire (1932) — Tekijä — 6 kappaletta
Ernst Jünger / Carl Schmitt - Briefwechsel 1930-1983 (1999) — Tekijä — 6 kappaletta
Briefwechsel 1918-1935 (2007) 2 kappaletta
Nauka o konstytucji (2014) 2 kappaletta
Teologia Política 2 kappaletta
Respuestas en N�remberg (2014) 2 kappaletta
Kara ve Deniz (2018) 2 kappaletta
O guardião da constituição (2007) 2 kappaletta
Estudios políticos (1975) 2 kappaletta
Verfassungslehre 1 kappale
Risposte a Norimberga (2006) 1 kappale
Dottrina della Costituzione (1984) 1 kappale
La tiranía de los valores (2007) 1 kappale
La dittatura 1 kappale
Politički spisi 1 kappale
Norma i odluka 1 kappale
Nomos ziemi (2019) 1 kappale
Tri razprave 1 kappale
Politička romantika (2019) 1 kappale
Sul concetto di politica (2019) 1 kappale
Schmittiana II (1990) 1 kappale
Schmittiana I (1991) 1 kappale

Associated Works

Le noeud gordien (1953) — Tekijä, eräät painokset14 kappaletta

Merkitty avainsanalla




«La Chiesa è una "persona giuridica" ma ben diversa da una società per azioni [...] è la concreta rappresentazione personale di una personalità concreta. [...] Nella sua capacità di forma giuridica sta uno dei suoi segreti sociologici. Ma la forza di attuare questa forma, come ogni altra, la Chiesa la possiede solo in quanto ha la forza della rappresentazione. La Chiesa rappresenta la civitas umana, rappresenta in ogni attimo il rapporto storico con l'incarnazione e con il sacrificio in croce di Cristo, rappresenta Cristo stesso in forma personale, il Dio che si è fatto uomo nella realtà storica. Nel rappresentare sta la sua superiorità su di un'epoca di pensiero economico (p. 38)».

Una società basata su principi economici perde la propria capacità di rappresentanza giuridica, perché è basata non su una rappresentanza ma su dei vuoti principi. Questo darebbe potere alla Chiesa stessa che invece ha una forte rappresentanzione personale. Qualsiasi idea mondana di umanità inoltre, sostiene Schmitt, soggiace ad una dialettica di realizzazione e quindi deve disumanamente cessare di essere semplicemente umana. Per questo motivo, sostiene Schmitt, la Chiesa non ha alcun avversario in Europa tranne la massoneria, perché anche le organizzazioni che promuovono la pace lo fanno in nome di un calcolo e di un fine utile. L'oggettività del capitalista è prossima alle convinzioni del comunista radicale.

Citando Karl Kautsky fa notare che la religione non è tanto un affare privato - come la società moderna ha voluto insinuare - quanto un affare di cuore. Si presenta quindi non tanto come un'istanza privata quanto come un'istanza originale e universale.
… (lisätietoja)
Merkitty asiattomaksi
sunchitaca | Dec 29, 2023 |
From Goodreads:

It isn't a surprise why many avoid Carl Schmitt. He was, after all, a prominent jurist in the Third Reich. Many political theorists argue it was Schmitt's very ideas that paved the way for Hitler and the Nazi's so what value could one possibly find in his works?

Though the claim that Schmitt's views enabled Nazism is contestable (see Schwab's introduction), it does not appear as if Schmitt ever denounced his party allegiance. The waters are murky indeed.

What is not up for debate, however, is that Schmitt provides a salient right-wing critique of liberalism that now reads as prescient. If human life is essentially political, then modernity's proclivity to diminish the political is equally dehumanizing. Liberalism's feeble attempt to make politics safe sucks the vitality out of life, trapping man in "the dynamic of perpetual competition and perpetual discussion" where there are only new products to buy, new debates to be had, and no decisive actions to be made (72).

For Schmitt, liberalism is fake politics. True politics only occurs with the possibility of conflict between friends and enemies: the chief distinction in the realm politics as good and evil is the chief distinction in morality.

Dividing the world between friends and enemies may appear brutal and militaristic to our modern sensibilities. But we ought to be careful about importing ideas into that distinction that Schmitt does not and even rejects. For example, calling someone an enemy does not necessarily imply a moral category or private animus. One is an enemy solely on the grounds of difference. Their way of life is not our way of life and though they may be quite peaceful now, the possibility of conflict some day under the right circumstances creates the friend-enemy distinction.

For Schmitt, this is actually a more humane way of doing politics since he rejects any appeal to universal moral principles by either the friend or the enemy. As soon as one side appeals to "humanity"to use one value of modern liberalism, he has coincidentally placed his enemy on the side against humanity. There is now no limit to what one may do to him. Total annihilation is now on the table in a way it wasn't when the difference was merely cultural. Thus, Schmitt defends the old European nation-state as the primary political organization as well as diversity, as ironic as that may be for a right-wing post liberal critic.

But as noble as Schmitt's intentions are to rid the political of universal morality, it simply won't do because there's no escaping our moral universe. Even Schmitt is inconsistent on this point, an observation Leo Strauss makes noticing Schmitt's use of "meaning." There is life and there is a meaningful way to live. Some ways of life--as Schmitt's own Nazi regime proved--really are morally abhorrent. There is also a sense that no group holds to their way of life merely because its their's but also because they think it's good. This is likely true for every group thus requiring some moral standard by which to judge which align with truth, goodness, and beauty. Even such an evaluation will help us discern friends from enemies.
… (lisätietoja)
Merkitty asiattomaksi
rdhasler | 12 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Nov 14, 2023 |
Merkitty asiattomaksi
laplantelibrary | 12 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Jan 22, 2023 |
In this book, Schmitt discusses the arguments raised against his Politische Theologie by a theologist named Peterson. Even more than the first book, it is a reading of very specific theological and political sources that I had not encountered before reading this book. This is why I would say that this book is of less relevance to the public at large, but more so for the readers interested in Schmitt's relation with theology.

Schmitt displays some brilliant, lucid arguments that immediately convince me of the strength of his thinking (which is, again, also the danger: I believe that one should, finally, overcome Schmitt, but this is a hard task indeed). Especially the post-scriptum, where he himself suggests a counter-argument for political theology is haunting. The era of the political may have ended in a devaluation of human freedom as a reduction of freedom to the freedom of the market.… (lisätietoja)
Merkitty asiattomaksi
Boreque | 2 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Feb 7, 2022 |



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