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Lewis Mumford has been referred to as one of the twentieth century's most influential "public intellectuals." A thinker and writer who denied the narrowness of academic speciality, Mumford embraced a cultural analysis that integrated technology, the natural environment, the urban environment, the näytä lisää individual, and the community. Although he lacked a formal university degree, Mumford wrote more than 30 books and 1,000 essays and reviews, which established his "organic" analysis of modern culture. His work defined the interdisciplinary studies movement, especially American studies; urban studies and city planning; architectural history; history of technology; and, most important in the present context, the interaction of science, technology, and society. Mumford was the editor of Dial, the most distinguished literary magazine of its era, and in 1920 he served as editor of Sociological Review in London and was strongly influenced by Sir Patrick Geddes, the Scottish botanist, sociologist, and town planner. In 1923, Mumford became a charter member of the Regional Planning Association of America, an experimental group that studied city problems from a regional as well as an ecological point of view. Mumford's well-known principle of "organicism" (the exploration of a cultural complex, where values, technology, individual personality, and the objective environment complement each other and together could build a world of fulfillment and beauty) was discussed in all of his work, spanning a career of nearly 70 years. Mumford's first book, The Story of Utopias (1922), introduces reliance on history to understand the present as well as to plan for the future. His books on architectural history and his works in urban studies established Mumford's reputation as the leading American critic of architecture and city planning. Each book views and analyzes the city, or built environment, in the context of form, function, and purpose within the larger culture. Mumford's books are focused on technology's role in civilization, especially "the machine" and "megatechnics." As a result, they have provided formative direction and structure to science, technology, and society studies and have established Mumford's stature as one of the foremost social critics of the twentieth century. Mumford's most profound and important analysis of technology (and the work that most directly influenced interdisciplinary technology-society studies) is the two-volume The Myth of the Machine:Volume 1, Technics and Human Development (1967), and Volume 2, The Pentagon of Power (1970). It was written following World War II (during which Mumford lost his son) after the deployment of atomic weapons by Russia and the United States, and during the arms race. This major work reflects a noticeable reinterpretation of the role of technology and a deep pessimism regarding "megatechnics," a metaphor Mumford uses for intrusive, all-encompassing systems of control and oppressive order. He views the military-industrial complex (the most horrendous "megamachine") as destroyer of the emotive and organic aspects of life. Mumford argues against the loss of personal autonomy and the organic world by electricity-based computer systems. Mumford died on January 26, 1990. (Bowker Author Biography) näytä vähemmän

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Tekijän teokset

Technics and Civilization (1934) 605 kappaletta
Kaupunkikulttuuri (1938) 254 kappaletta
Ralph Waldo Emerson: Essays and Journals (1968) — Toimittaja — 214 kappaletta
The Story of Utopias (1922) 150 kappaletta
Art and Technics (1952) 130 kappaletta
The Lewis Mumford Reader (1986) 108 kappaletta
The condition of man (1944) 103 kappaletta
Herman Melville (1929) 95 kappaletta
The conduct of life (1951) 91 kappaletta
The Urban Prospect (1968) 85 kappaletta
The Highway and the City (1963) 82 kappaletta
America and Alfred Stieglitz: A Collective Portrait (1934) — Toimittaja — 70 kappaletta
The Transformations of Man (1956) 67 kappaletta
The myth of the machine (1967) 55 kappaletta
The human way out (1958) 33 kappaletta
In the name of sanity (1954) 29 kappaletta
The human prospect (1955) 28 kappaletta
Faith for living (1940) 23 kappaletta
The Future Of Technics And Civilization. (1986) — Tekijä — 18 kappaletta
Man as interpreter 11 kappaletta
Men must act (1939) 10 kappaletta
The Arts in Renewal (1951) 7 kappaletta
1: ‰Dal santuario alla Polis (2000) 5 kappaletta
Programme for Survival (1946) 3 kappaletta
Lewis Mumford textos escogidos (2009) 3 kappaletta
American taste (1929) 2 kappaletta
Modern architects (1980) 2 kappaletta
La megamáquina 2 kappaletta
The city (1939) 2 kappaletta
Thorstein Veblen 1 kappale

Associated Works

The 40s: The Story of a Decade (2014) — Avustaja — 275 kappaletta
Writing New York: A Literary Anthology (1998) — Avustaja — 274 kappaletta
Erewhon and Erewhon Revisited (1872) — Johdanto, eräät painokset226 kappaletta
Garden Cities of To-Morrow (1902) — Johdanto, eräät painokset153 kappaletta
Man Alone: Alienation in Modern Society (1962) — Avustaja — 141 kappaletta
The Ancient World to the Reformation (1973) — Avustaja — 83 kappaletta
Europe: A Journey With Pictures (1954) — Esipuhe, eräät painokset59 kappaletta
Whither Mankind (1928) — Avustaja — 45 kappaletta
A Quarto of Modern Literature (1935) — Avustaja — 39 kappaletta
Daedalus, Spring 1965: Utopia (1965) — Avustaja — 7 kappaletta
Patrick Geddes in India — Johdanto — 1 kappale

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Despite it's age, this book is still relevant as it mainly surveys the evolution of American architecture from early colonial days until the 1920s, and we are all pretty familiar with what has happened since then.

If you are of the opinion that architecture was pretty good in general until modernism came along, or until modern construction methods and materials came along and gave us "fake" versions of everything, this may burst your bubble, as Mumford finds plenty to critique in every era.… (lisätietoja)
 
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bballard74 | 1 muu arvostelu | Feb 29, 2024 |
I was looking for a city-planning book, but he spends most of his time on architectural aesthetics, like complaining about the "contrast of gray concrete and yellow London brick...spoiled by the housewives' passion for pink and blue curtains".

He had some interesting ideas about designing spaces that are protected from motor vehicle traffic (pointing to Rotterdam as a good example), and "mixed neighborhoods, able to sustain more than one urban function and demanding far less vehicular transportation". He also had some ideas I didn't like, such as building small "New Towns" outside large cities to draw people away and avoid the need to build tall apartments in the big cities.

With a title like "The Highway and The City" I expected there to be more about transit, zoning, governance, and the like.
… (lisätietoja)
 
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AdioRadley | Jan 21, 2024 |
Thoughtful, reflective early.account of role of technologies in cultural development. Included speculations on how societies evolve, which have fared less well in scholarly evaluations.
 
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sfj2 | 1 muu arvostelu | Nov 30, 2023 |
Stieglitz as receiver and medium of new cultural ideas in the USA regarding photography and modern art. An odd character, but influential in artistic circles of his generation.
 
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sfj2 | Nov 25, 2023 |

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Tilastot

Teokset
74
Also by
14
Jäseniä
5,301
Suosituimmuussija
#4,697
Arvio (tähdet)
4.0
Kirja-arvosteluja
26
ISBN:t
195
Kielet
16
Kuinka monen suosikki
9

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