Picture of author.

Georg Lukács (1885–1971)

Teoksen History and Class Consciousness: Studies in Marxist Dialectics tekijä

252+ Works 3,735 Jäsentä 15 arvostelua 9 Favorited

About the Author

George Steiner calls Lukacs "the one major critical talent to have emerged from the gray servitude of the Marxist world." This well-known writer on European literature combines a Marxist-Hegelian concern for the historical process with great artistic sensitivity. Lukacs joined the Hungarian näytä lisää Communist party in 1918, serving in its first government until the defeat of Bela Kun. He spent many years in exile, first in Berlin and then, from 1933 to 1945, in Moscow, writing and studying. He later became a professor of aesthetics in Budapest, but after the 1956 revolution he was stripped of influence because of his too-friendly attitude to non-Marxist literatures. Steiner has written: "A Communist by conviction, a dialectical materialist by virtue of his critical method, he has nevertheless kept his eyes resolutely on the past. Despite pressure from his Russian hosts, Lukacs gave only perfunctory notice to the much-heralded achievements of Soviet Realism. Instead, he dwelt on the great lineage of eighteenth and nineteenth century European poetry and fiction. The critical perspective is rigorously Marxist, but the choice of themes is central European and conservative." Lukacs has concentrated mainly on criticism of Russian, French, and German authors and often writes in German. Robert J. Clements has reported that Hungarian young people regard him as somewhat passe. (Bowker Author Biography) näytä vähemmän
Image credit: From the Marxists Internet Archive


Tekijän teokset

The Theory of the Novel (1920) 589 kappaletta
The Historical Novel (1937) 284 kappaletta
The Destruction of Reason (1954) 113 kappaletta
Soul and Form (1911) 105 kappaletta
Studies in European Realism (1656) 98 kappaletta
Tactics and Ethics: 1919-1929 (1972) 67 kappaletta
Saggi sul realismo (1950) 64 kappaletta
Essays on Thomas Mann (1741) 62 kappaletta
Goethe and His Age (1947) 55 kappaletta
Solzhenitsyn (1970) 48 kappaletta
Marxism and Human Liberation (1973) 43 kappaletta
Conversations with Lukács (1901) 36 kappaletta
Realism in Our Time (1964) 32 kappaletta
Diario (1910-1911) (1981) 15 kappaletta
The Process of Democratization (1991) 13 kappaletta
Existentialisme ou marxisme? (1960) 13 kappaletta
The ontology of social being (2012) 9 kappaletta
Balzac ja ranskalainen realismi (1978) 8 kappaletta
Estetica (1963) 8 kappaletta
Thomas Mann (1949) 6 kappaletta
Problemas del Realismo (1966) 5 kappaletta
Det gl̃ler realismen (1975) 4 kappaletta
Dostoevskij (2000) 4 kappaletta
Il giovane Marx (1965) 4 kappaletta
Briefwechsel 1902 - 1917 (1982) 3 kappaletta
Ästhetik. 4 3 kappaletta
Cultura estetica 3 kappaletta
Ästhetik, Marxismus, Ontologie (2021) 3 kappaletta
Ästhetik. 1 3 kappaletta
Ästhetik. 3 3 kappaletta
Kunst og kapitalisme 2 kappaletta
Textes (1985) 2 kappaletta
Cultura e potere 2 kappaletta
Istorija razvoja moderne drame (1978) 2 kappaletta
Il Dramma moderno. (1976) 2 kappaletta
Arte, filosofia, politica (1982) 2 kappaletta
Scritti sul romance (1995) 2 kappaletta
Studi sul Faust (2006) 2 kappaletta
Estetik-3-Lukacs (2016) 2 kappaletta
Goethes Faust (1981) 2 kappaletta
Aklin Yikimi 1 (2016) 1 kappale
ESTETİK 1 kappale
ROMAN KURAMI 1 kappale
Aklin Yikimi 2 (2000) 1 kappale
Arte e società 1 kappale
Thomas Mann 1 kappale
Estetica (2015) 1 kappale
Marksist imgelem (2004) 1 kappale
Thomas Mann 1 kappale
Birey ve Toplam 1 kappale
Intimna drama 1 kappale
Etika i politika 1 kappale
Osobenost estetskog (1987) 1 kappale
Estetičke ideje 1 kappale
Estetica 1 kappale
Estetik II 1 kappale
Estetik II-III 1 kappale
Hegel Asthetik 1 kappale
Dialectique et spontaneite (2001) 1 kappale
Curriculum vitae (1982) 1 kappale
ESTETİK II 1 kappale
ESTETİK I 1 kappale
Cultura estetica 1 kappale

Associated Works

Rob Roy (1817) — Johdanto, eräät painokset2,564 kappaletta
Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama (1995) — Avustaja, eräät painokset902 kappaletta
Aesthetics and Politics (2007) 622 kappaletta
Anna Karenina [Norton Critical Edition, 1st ed.] (1970) — Avustaja — 134 kappaletta

Merkitty avainsanalla


Kanoninen nimi
Lukács, Georg
Virallinen nimi
Löwinger, György Bernát (birth)
Muut nimet
Lukács, György
National Graveyard in Fiumei Street, Kerepesdűlő, Józsefváros, Budapest, Hungary
Budapest, Austria-Hungary
Budapest, Hungary
Budapest, Hungary (death)
Budapest, Austro-Hungary (birth|now Hungary)
Royal Hungarian University of Kolozsvár (Dr. rer. oec.|1906)
University of Budapest (Ph.D|1909)
literary critic
literary historian
Heller, Agnes (Colleague)
University of Budapest
Hungarian Communist Party
Palkinnot ja kunnianosoitukset
Goethepreis der Stadt Frankfurt (1970)
Hungarian Academy of Sciences (1945)
Lyhyt elämäkerta
Lukács was known for his books of Marxist philosophy and literary criticism. Lukacs studied in Budapest, Berlin and Heidelberg, and published his first book, "Soul and Form", in 1910. This was followed by "The Theory of the Novel" (1916). In 1918 Lukacs joined the Hungarian Communist Party and supported the Soviet Republic established by Bela Kun in 1919. After the overthrow of the Soviet Republic Lukacs was forced into exile and lived in Vienna for ten years. In 1923 he published "History and Class Consciousness". From 1930 to 1944 he lived in the Soviet Union, after which he returned to Hungary. Lukacs was highly critical of the government of Matyas Rakosi and became a supporter of the reformers led by Laszlo Rajk. In 1956 He was appointed as Minister of Culture. However, following the fall of the 1956 revolution Lukacs was deported to Romania but was allowed to return to Budapest in 1957. In his late years he was a professor of several universities and was noted as an ordinary member of the Academy of Sciences (Hungary).



Written in 1955-1956 during the first uncertain "thaw" after Stalin's death, this book marked a considerable departure from Lukacs' rigid posture of the immediate postwar years, when he denounced practically all important Western writers as reactionary warmongers. It is fairly detached in manner and at times almost mellow. Lukacs makes a somewhat grudging attempt to make sense of Kafka, and he backs up his criticism of modern music and Schoenberg with a quote from the Western "modernist" Adorno. (1963)… (lisätietoja)
Merkitty asiattomaksi
GLArnold | Jul 1, 2023 |
Although it consists of 350 pages of largely turgid Leninist analysis of Western literature of debatable relevance to literary criticism, the book is not without merit. Historical-sociological analysis comes to life in the more strictly literary parts of the book, notably in contrasting the novel and the drama. (1963)
Merkitty asiattomaksi
GLArnold | 3 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Jul 1, 2023 |
"If we are to understand not only the direct impact of Marx on the development of German thought but also his sometimes extremely indirect influence, an exact knowledge of Hegel, of both his greatness and his limitation, is absolutely indispensable."- from the preface. It is well known that Hegel exerted a major influence on the development of Marx's thought. This circumstance led Lukács, one of the chief Marxist theoreticians of this century, to embark on his exploration of Hegelian antecedents in the German intellectual tradition, their concrete expression in the work of Hegel himself, and later syntheses of seemingly contradictory modes of though. Four phases of Hegel's intellectual development are examined: "Hegel's early republican phase," "the crisis in Hegel's views on society and the earliest beginnings of his dialectical method," "rationale and defense of objective idealism," and "the breach with Schelling and The Phenomenology of Mind." Lukács completed this study in 1938, but because of the imminent outbreak of war, it was not published until the late 1940s. A revised German edition appeared in 1954, and it is this text that is the basis of this first English translation of the work.… (lisätietoja)
Merkitty asiattomaksi
LarkinPubs | Mar 1, 2023 |
These essays celebrate the humanist tradition of European literature that runs from Balzac, through Tolstoy and Stendhal, to Zola and beyond. Lukacs sees this tradition as the expression of humanism. Seen in this light, the great works of nineteenth-century literature have an immediate and overwhelming relevance to our need today to change society.
Merkitty asiattomaksi
LarkinPubs | Mar 1, 2023 |



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