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Claude Lévi-Strauss (1908–2009)

Teoksen Tropiikin kasvot tekijä

123+ Works 8,018 Jäsentä 68 arvostelua 13 Favorited

About the Author

Claude Levi-Strauss, a French anthropologist, was the founder of structural anthropology. This theoretical position assumes that there are structural propensities in the human mind that lead unconsciously toward categorization of physical and social objects, hence such book titles as The Raw and näytä lisää the Cooked (1964) and such expositions of his work by others as The Unconscious in Culture and Elementary Structures Reconsidered. According to Levi-Strauss, the models of society that scholars create are often dual in nature:status-contract (Maine): Gemeinschaft-Gesellschaft (Tonnies); mechanical-organic solidarity (Durkheim); folk-urban (Redfield); universalism-particularism (Parsons); and local-cosmopolitan (Merton). Levi-Strauss's writings---some of which have been described by Clifford Geertz as "theoretical treatises set out as travelogues"---have been enormously influential throughout the scholarly world. George Steiner has described him, along with Freud (see also Vol. 5) and Marx (see also Vol. 4), as one of the major architects of the thought of our times. Levi-Strauss died October 30, 2009. (Bowker Author Biography) näytä vähemmän


Tekijän teokset

Tropiikin kasvot (1955) 1,760 kappaletta
The Savage Mind (1962) 1,099 kappaletta
Structural Anthropology (1958) 954 kappaletta
Totemism (1962) 365 kappaletta
Rotu, historia ja kulttuuri (1952) 320 kappaletta
The Way of the Masks (1975) 165 kappaletta
Structural Anthropology, Volume 2 (1973) 162 kappaletta
Look, Listen, Read (1993) 129 kappaletta
The View from Afar (1969) 104 kappaletta
The Jealous Potter (1985) 83 kappaletta
The Story of Lynx (1991) 73 kappaletta
The Other Face of the Moon (2011) 57 kappaletta
Anthropology Confronts the Problems of the Modern World (2011) — Tekijä — 55 kappaletta
De près et de loin (1988) 49 kappaletta
The Scope of Anthropology (1967) 49 kappaletta
Oeuvres (2008) 45 kappaletta
Babbo Natale giustiziato (1994) 37 kappaletta
L'identité (1977) 34 kappaletta
A World on the Wane (1961) 33 kappaletta
Palabra dada (1984) 32 kappaletta
Elogio dell'antropologia (1968) 11 kappaletta
Strukturale Anthropologie Zero (2019) 8 kappaletta
De Montaigne à Montaigne (2016) 7 kappaletta
Arte, Linguagem, Etnologia (1969) 7 kappaletta
"Chers tous deux". Lettres à ses parents (1931-1942) (2015) — Tekijä — 5 kappaletta
Loin du Brésil (2005) 5 kappaletta
Correspondance 1942-1982 (2018) 4 kappaletta
Minhas palavras 3 kappaletta
Tristes Tropiques - Illustrations hors texte (2011) — Valokuvaaja — 3 kappaletta
Estructuralismo y ecología (1979) 3 kappaletta
El oso y el barbero 2 kappaletta
Cristi di oscure speranze (2008) 2 kappaletta
Mythos ohne Illusion (1995) — Avustaja — 2 kappaletta
Polémica (1972) 2 kappaletta
Livi-Strauss e l'antropologia strutturale — Tekijä — 2 kappaletta
DİN VE BÜYÜ 2 kappaletta
Irk, tarih ve kültür (2011) 2 kappaletta
El análisis estructural (1991) 2 kappaletta
L'Arc 1 kappale
TDR #96: Masks 1 kappale
Mythologiques 1 kappale
Het gezin 1 kappale
La sociologia francese (2013) 1 kappale

Associated Works

Morphology of the Folktale (1928) — Jälkisanat, eräät painokset791 kappaletta
The Raven Steals the Light (1984) — Johdanto — 238 kappaletta
Anthropological Theory: An Introductory History (1996) — Avustaja — 205 kappaletta
Reader in Comparative Religion: An Anthropological Approach (1958) — Avustaja — 202 kappaletta
Sun Chief: The Autobiography of a Hopi Indian (1942) — Esipuhe, eräät painokset170 kappaletta
The Norton Book of Travel (1987) — Avustaja — 109 kappaletta
Myth: A Symposium (1955) — Avustaja — 92 kappaletta
Magic, witchcraft, and curing (1967) — Avustaja — 91 kappaletta
India in Mind (2005) — Avustaja — 78 kappaletta
The Structural Study of Myth and Totemism (1967) — Avustaja — 56 kappaletta
La linguistica e le scienze dell'uomo : sei lezioni sul suono e sul senso (1976) — Johdanto, eräät painokset3 kappaletta
Le livre Terre humaine (1993) — Avustaja — 3 kappaletta
Comment travaillent les écrivains (1978) — Avustaja — 3 kappaletta
Profil D'Une Oeuvre: Levi-Straus (1979) — Avustaja — 2 kappaletta
Brésil Indien : Les arts des Amérindiens du Brésil (2005) — Esipuhe — 2 kappaletta
Le masque. Musée Guimet, Paris — Tekijä — 1 kappale

Merkitty avainsanalla


Virallinen nimi
Lévi, Gustave Claude
Lignerolles, France (Village in the Côte-d’Or region southeast of Paris)
Maa (karttaa varten)
Brussels, Belgium
Paris, France
Naturelle (Vieillesse)
Brussels, Belgium (birth)
Paris, France
São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
New York, New York, USA
University of Paris (Ph.D|1948)
Lycée Condorcet
Lycée Janson-de-Sailly
Académie française (1973)
American Academy of Arts and Letters (Foreign Honorary, Literature, 1977)
Centre national de la recherche scientifique
Musée de l'Homme
École Pratique des Hautes Études
École Libre des Hautes Études (näytä kaikki 10)
New School for Social Research
Collège de France
University of São Paulo
French Army
Palkinnot ja kunnianosoitukset
Premi Internacional Catalunya (2005)
Lyhyt elämäkerta
Claude Lévi-Strauss was born to French Jewish parents living and working in Brussels, Belgium. He grew up in Paris and attended the Lycée Janson de Sailly and the Lycée Condorcet.

He studied law and philosophy at the Sorbonne, passing the aggregation (civil service teaching exam) in philosophy in 1931. After a few years of teaching, he decided at the last minute to join a French cultural mission to Brazil as a professor of sociology at the University of São Paulo. He and his wife Dina lived and did anthropological work in Brazil from 1935 to 1939. During this time, he accompanied his wife, a trained ethnographer, on fieldwork in the Amazon rainforest. The couple returned to France in 1939 and he served briefly in the French army in World War II before taking a teaching job at a lycée in Montpellier. He was dismissed from the school under the Vichy racial laws. He fled France by boat to Martinique, and then went on to the USA. He took a position at the New School for Social Research in New York City. With Jacques Maritain, Henri Focillon, and Roman Jakobson, he was a founding member of the École Libre des Hautes Études, a kind of university-in-exile for French academics.

After a stint as a cultural attaché to the French embassy in Washington, D.C., from 1946 to 1947, Lévi-Strauss returned to Paris and received his doctorate from the Sorbonne. One of his theses was published the following year as Les Structures élémentaires de la parenté (The Elementary Structures of Kinship, 1948), which quickly came to be considered one of the most important anthropological works on the subject. Throughout the late 1940s and early 1950s, Lévi-Strauss continued to write and publish successful and influential works. He became involved with the administration of the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) and the Musée de l'Homme before finally becoming a professor at the École Pratique des Hautes Études. He became one of France's best-known intellectuals with his book Tristes Tropiques (1955), a memoir of his years as an expatriate. In 1962, he published one of his most important works, La Pensée Sauvage (English translation, The Savage Mind). Lévi-Strauss spent the second half of the 1960s working on his masterpiece, a four-volume study called Mythologiques, which included Le Cru et le cuit (The Raw and the Cooked, 1964);
Du miel aux cendres (From Honey to Ashes, 1966);
L'Origine des manières de table (The Origin of Table Manners, 1968); and
L'Homme nu (The Naked Man, 1971). In 1973, he was elected to the Académie française, was invited to join the American Academy of Arts and Letters, and received the Erasmus Prize. France awarded him the Légion d'honneur, and Ordre national du Mérite, and he was named Commandeur des Arts et des Lettres. After his retirement, he continued to publish occasionally on art, music, philosophy, and poetry. His final book, Nous sommes tous des cannibales (We Are All Cannibals) was published posthumously in 2013.



Merkitty asiattomaksi
luvucenanzo06 | Sep 8, 2023 |
Merkitty asiattomaksi
luvucenanzo06 | 7 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Sep 8, 2023 |
The author was one of the great anthropologists of the 20th century. He started out studying philosophy between the wars and was heavily influenced by Marx and Freud. His theory of structualism seems, at least superficially, to be a Marxist or Hegelian view of society. Structuralism is not really discussed or explained in this book, and that is probably why it is his most popular. I've read that he cobbled Tristes Tropiques together from other published magazine articles, travelogues and his notes. The book does read that way, but some of it, perhaps much of it, is quite fascinating. I found the central part of the book about his time with the Nambikwara and Tupi-Kawahib tribes in Brazil to be the most straight forward and interesting. Other extraneous chapters include a detailed summary of a play that was never published, an account of a trip to a Pakistani archeological site and a great description of his escape from Vichy France to Mozambique.… (lisätietoja)
Merkitty asiattomaksi
markm2315 | 21 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Jul 1, 2023 |



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