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Immanuel Kant (1724–1804)

Teoksen Puhtaan järjen kritiikki tekijä

561+ Works 27,104 Jäsentä 156 arvostelua 53 Favorited

About the Author

The greatest of all modern philosophers was born in the Baltic seaport of Konigsberg, East Prussia, the son of a saddler and never left the vicinity of his remote birthplace. Through his family pastor, Immanuel Kant received the opportunity to study at the newly founded Collegium Fredericianum, näytä lisää proceeding to the University of Konigsberg, where he was introduced to Wolffian philosophy and modern natural science by the philosopher Martin Knutzen. From 1746 to 1755, he served as tutor in various households near Konigsberg. Between 1755 and 1770, Kant published treatises on a number of scientific and philosophical subjects, including one in which he originated the nebular hypothesis of the origin of the solar system. Some of Kant's writings in the early 1760s attracted the favorable notice of respected philosophers such as J. H. Lambert and Moses Mendelssohn, but a professorship eluded Kant until he was over 45. In 1781 Kant finally published his great work, the Critique of Pure Reason. The early reviews were hostile and uncomprehending, and Kant's attempt to make his theories more accessible in his Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics (1783) was largely unsuccessful. Then, partly through the influence of former student J. G. Herder, whose writings on anthropology and history challenged his Enlightenment convictions, Kant turned his attention to issues in the philosophy of morality and history, writing several short essays on the philosophy of history and sketching his ethical theory in the Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785). Kant's new philosophical approach began to receive attention in 1786 through a series of articles in a widely circulated Gottingen journal by the Jena philosopher K. L. Reinhold. The following year Kant published a new, extensively revised edition of the Critique, following it up with the Critique of Practical Reason (1788), treating the foundations of moral philosophy, and the Critique of Judgment (1790), an examination of aesthetics rounding out his system through a strikingly original treatment of two topics that were widely perceived as high on the philosophical agenda at the time - the philosophical meaning of the taste for beauty and the use of teleology in natural science. From the early 1790s onward, Kant was regarded by the coming generation of philosophers as having overthrown all previous systems and as having opened up a whole new philosophical vista. During the last decade of his philosophical activity, Kant devoted most of his attention to applications of moral philosophy. His two chief works in the 1790s were Religion Within the Bounds of Plain Reason (1793--94) and Metaphysics of Morals (1798), the first part of which contained Kant's theory of right, law, and the political state. At the age of 74, most philosophers who are still active are engaged in consolidating and defending views they have already worked out. Kant, however, had perceived an important gap in his system and had begun rethinking its foundations. These attempts went on for four more years until the ravages of old age finally destroyed Kant's capacity for further intellectual work. The result was a lengthy but disorganized manuscript that was first published in 1920 under the title Opus Postumum. It displays the impact of some of the more radical young thinkers Kant's philosophy itself had inspired. Kant's philosophy focuses attention on the active role of human reason in the process of knowing the world and on its autonomy in giving moral law. Kant saw the development of reason as a collective possession of the human species, a product of nature working through human history. For him the process of free communication between independent minds is the very life of reason, the vocation of which is to remake politics, religion, science, art, and morality as the completion of a destiny whose shape it is our collective task to frame for ourselves. (Bowker Author Biography) Philosopher Immanuel Kant was born in 1724 in Konigsberg, East Prussia. He studied at the University of Konigsberg, where he would act as a lecturer and professor after a brief career as a private tutor. Kant was an incredibly influential philosopher, his theories having impact on the likes of Schopenhauer and Hegel. Kant's most prominent works include Critique of Pure Reason (1781), Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785) and Critique of Practical Reason (1788). He died in 1804. (Bowker Author Biography) näytä vähemmän


Tekijän teokset

Puhtaan järjen kritiikki (1781) — Tekijä — 6,378 kappaletta
Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals (1785) — Tekijä — 3,198 kappaletta
Arvostelukyvyn kritiikki (1790) — Tekijä — 2,093 kappaletta
Critique of Practical Reason (1787) — Tekijä — 1,737 kappaletta
Religion Within the Limits of Reason Alone (1793) — Tekijä — 765 kappaletta
Ikuiseen rauhaan : valtio-oikeudellinen tutkielma (1795) — Tekijä — 565 kappaletta
The Metaphysics of Morals (1797) — Tekijä — 456 kappaletta
Kant's Political Writings (1970) 424 kappaletta
The Great Books of the Western World, Vol. 42: Kant (1781) — Tekijä — 355 kappaletta
Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and Sublime (1764) — Tekijä — 332 kappaletta
Basic Writings of Kant (2001) 321 kappaletta
Logic (1800) 270 kappaletta
Practical Philosophy (1996) 253 kappaletta
Lectures on Ethics (1930) 236 kappaletta
Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View (1974) — Tekijä — 187 kappaletta
Pedagogiikasta (1960) 148 kappaletta
Introduction to Logic (1963) 92 kappaletta
Religion and Rational Theology (1996) 88 kappaletta
The Conflict of the Faculties (1972) — Tekijä — 79 kappaletta
Kant Selections (1929) 76 kappaletta
Opus postumum (1984) 71 kappaletta
Opuscules sur l'histoire (1900) 70 kappaletta
Siveysopilliset pääteokset (1989) — Tekijä — 65 kappaletta
Kant: Selections (1988) 59 kappaletta
Lectures on Metaphysics (1992) 54 kappaletta
Theoretical Philosophy after 1781 (1930) 39 kappaletta
Theoretical Philosophy, 1755-1770 (1992) 36 kappaletta
Critique of Pure Reason, Volume 1 (1900) 27 kappaletta
The Philosophy of Material Nature (1985) 27 kappaletta
The essential Kant (1970) 26 kappaletta
Nueva crítica de la razón pura (1981) 26 kappaletta
Correspondence (1991) 24 kappaletta
La dissertation de 1770 (1951) 23 kappaletta
De zin van het leven (1993) 19 kappaletta
Der Streit Der Facultaten Werke 6 (German Edition) (1995) — Tekijä — 18 kappaletta
The Science of Right (2006) 18 kappaletta
Schriften Zur Naturphilosophie (1980) 17 kappaletta
The living thoughts of Kant (1940) 12 kappaletta
Schriften Zur Metaphysik Und Tl.1 (1958) 12 kappaletta
Radikaali paha (1995) 11 kappaletta
Pragmatische antropologie (2014) 9 kappaletta
Kant 8 kappaletta
La fine di tutte le cose (1996) 8 kappaletta
Complete Works of Immanuel Kant (2013) 8 kappaletta
Qu'est ce qu'un livre ? n.185 (1995) 8 kappaletta
The Works of Immanuel Kant (2010) 8 kappaletta
Foundations of Ethics (1995) 7 kappaletta
An Immanuel Kant Reader (1960) 7 kappaletta
Vorkritische Schriften bis 1768 (1977) 7 kappaletta
Briefe (1970) 6 kappaletta
Immanuel Kant 5 kappaletta
Pisma po roku 1781 (2012) 5 kappaletta
Von der Macht des Gemüts (1949) 5 kappaletta
Lettre à Marcus Herz (1968) 4 kappaletta
Lo Stato di Diritto 4 kappaletta
Ausgewählte kleine Schriften (1950) 4 kappaletta
Textos seletos (2005) 4 kappaletta
Secilmis Yazilar (2015) 4 kappaletta
Pravo na laganje (2012) 4 kappaletta
Kant - selections 3 kappaletta
Kant-Brevier (1966) 3 kappaletta
Scritti morali (1970) 3 kappaletta
Teoria do Céu (2004) — Tekijä — 3 kappaletta
Werke in zehn Bänden 3 kappaletta
Scritti politici (2010) 3 kappaletta
Vorreden (1781 - 1797) (2001) 3 kappaletta
Krytyka czystego rozumu. T. 2 (2010) 3 kappaletta
Krytyka czystego rozumu. T. 1 (2010) 3 kappaletta
Réflexions métaphysiques (2011) 3 kappaletta
Kant I 3 kappaletta
Théorie et pratique (1994) 3 kappaletta
Dizionario delle idee (1996) 3 kappaletta
Oplysning, historie, fremskridt (1993) 3 kappaletta
Lezioni di psicologia (1986) 2 kappaletta
Sobre el saber filosófico (1901) 2 kappaletta
Theoretische Philosophie (2004) 2 kappaletta
La pace, la ragione e la storia (1985) 2 kappaletta
Lezioni sul diritto naturale (2016) 2 kappaletta
Ethica Etik Üzerine Dersler II (2003) 2 kappaletta
Filosofiens frihet (2021) 2 kappaletta
"Metafísica" dohna (2007) 2 kappaletta
Δοκίμια 2 kappaletta
Von der Würde des Menschen (1941) 2 kappaletta
Kant (2010) 2 kappaletta
Géographie (1999) 2 kappaletta
Ecrits sur le corps et l'esprit (2007) 2 kappaletta
4 Books By Immanuel Kant (2009) 2 kappaletta
Ragione e ipocondria (1989) 2 kappaletta
Pravno politički spisi (2000) 2 kappaletta
Scritti di filosofia politica (1967) 2 kappaletta
KANT 1 kappale
De Store tænkere: Kant (2000) 1 kappale
Kant 1 kappale
Philosophie de l'histoire — Tekijä — 1 kappale
Brevier 1 kappale
Abrégé de Philosophie (2009) 1 kappale
Yaşam Felsefesi 1 kappale
La morale 1 kappale
Yasamin Anlami (2021) 1 kappale
The Metaphysic of Ethics (2009) 1 kappale
Dissertazioni latine (2014) 1 kappale
Kant - Volume II 1 kappale
Kant - Volume I 1 kappale
I. Kant 1 kappale
Kant's pre-critical ethics. (1938) 1 kappale
O postępach metafizyki (2007) 1 kappale
Kant-Aussprüche 1 kappale
Homenaje a Kant 1 kappale
Scritti sul criticismo (1991) 1 kappale
SELECTIONS 1 kappale
Dvije rasprave 1 kappale
Théorie et pratique, textes philosophiques (1997) — Tekijä — 1 kappale
Fragmanlar 1 kappale
Critiques 1 kappale
Kant - Gesammelte Werke (2016) 1 kappale
Mysli o vechnom 1 kappale
Scritti sui terremoti (1984) 1 kappale
Werke 5: Die Religion ... /Metaphysik — Tekijä — 1 kappale
Kant [Opere di] 1 kappale
Geografia fisica (2004) 1 kappale

Associated Works

The European Philosophers from Descartes to Nietzsche (1960) — Avustaja — 427 kappaletta
Critical Theory Since Plato (1971) — Avustaja, eräät painokset393 kappaletta
Criticism: Major Statements (1964) — Avustaja — 211 kappaletta
Western Philosophy: An Anthology (1996) — Tekijä, eräät painokset181 kappaletta
Man and Spirit: The Speculative Philosophers (1947) — Avustaja — 172 kappaletta
Other Selves: Philosophers on Friendship (1991) — Avustaja — 87 kappaletta
Metaphysics: A Guide and Anthology (2004) — Avustaja — 72 kappaletta
Range of Philosophy (1964) — Avustaja — 50 kappaletta
Classics of Modern Political Theory : Machiavelli to Mill (1996) — Avustaja — 49 kappaletta
German Essays on Music (1994) — Avustaja — 18 kappaletta
Philosophical Issues: A Contemporary Introduction (1972) — Avustaja — 17 kappaletta
The liberal tradition in European thought (1971) — Avustaja, eräät painokset16 kappaletta
Reading Ethics (Reading Philosophy) (2008) — Avustaja — 7 kappaletta
Erkenntnis und Sein I Epistemologie. (1978) — Avustaja — 5 kappaletta
Yliopiston ajatusta etsimässä (1990) 2 kappaletta

Merkitty avainsanalla


Kanoninen nimi
Kant, Immanuel
Muut nimet
KANT, Emanuel (birth)
KANT, Immanuel
Kaliningrad Cemetery, Kaliningrad, Russia
Königsberg, Prussia
Königsberg, Prussia
Königsberg, Prussia
Collegium Fredericianum
University of Königsberg
ethicist (näytä kaikki 7)
University of Königsberg
Palkinnot ja kunnianosoitukset
After the expulsion of Königsberg's German population at the end of World War II, the University of Königsberg was replaced by the Russian-language Kaliningrad State University, which took up the campus and surviving buildings of the historic German university. In 2005, the university was renamed Immanuel Kant State University of Russia.
Lyhyt elämäkerta
Emanuel Kant was

the fourth of the nine children of Johann Georg Kant (1682-1746), a saddler from Memel (now Klaipėda, Lithuania) and his wife, Anna Regina Reuter (1697-1737), who was from Nuremburg. Kant began to spell his name "Immanuel" after learning Hebrew. His paternal grandfather, Hans Cant, had emigrated to Prussia from Scotland. Kant enrolled at Königsberg University in 1840 at the age of 16. Between 1750 and 1754 he worked as a tutor (Hauslehrer) in Judtschen (now Veselovka, Russia)and in Groß-Arnsdorf (now near Elbląg, Poland). Kant went on to become Professor of Logic and Metaphysics at Königsberg (now Kaliningrad, Russia) in 1770, at the age of 46. He never married.

He was a towering figure of the Enlightenment, influenced nearly all modern philosophers. In his writings, including his masterpiece, the Critique of Pure Reason (1781), he argued that we can only truly know that which can be proven by evidence. He placed the active, rational human being at the center of the cognitive and moral worlds. He suggested that we have a moral obligation, which he called the "categorical Imperative," to behave in an intrinsically good way under all circumstances -- not necessarily in ways that would make us happy, but in ways that would make us worthy of being happy. In his 1795 work Perpetual Peace, he quoted the Latin phrase "Fiat justitia, pereat mundus" ("Let justice be done, though the world perish"). He also criticized those who focused too much on religious ritual and church hierarchy as attempts to please the Creator without having to practice the actual principles of religion and righteousness.



Immanuel Kant's library, Legacy Libraries (syyskuu 2020)
Immanuel Kant, Philosophy and Theory (syyskuu 2017)
Kant's moral theory and a priori, Philosophy and Theory (marraskuu 2009)


Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason is an analysis of the concept of metaphysics. I have read from English translations, not the original German. I don’t think I’m up to reading on this topic in German, yet. I enjoyed the English translation; I like logic. I was fascinated by Ancient Greek philosophy starting when I was 12 or 13 years old, but it took me quite a few years before I read any modern philosophy. I can see why this is a significant book in modern philosophy that should be read. I should have read it earlier and would recommend it to others interested in philosophy.… (lisätietoja)
Merkitty asiattomaksi
MyFathersDragon | 42 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Nov 7, 2023 |
Merkitty asiattomaksi
luvucenanzo06 | 4 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Sep 8, 2023 |
Merkitty asiattomaksi
luvucenanzo06 | 10 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Sep 7, 2023 |
La libertà, considerata innata, inscindibilmente legata all’umanità dell’uomo, e inalienabile – proprio come entro le Dichiarazioni rivoluzionarie (americana e francese) dei diritti che precedono i singoli dettati costituzionali –, è definita qui «facoltà di non obbedire ad altra legge se non a quella a cui avrei potuto dare il mio consenso».

E' incredibile vedere come gli Stati siano andati nella direzione auspicata nel 1795 da Kant. Siamo ancora molto lontani dalla pace perpetua (e mondiale), ma sembra proprio che il processo sia in corso d'opera. Al tempo di Kant, l'Unione Europea o le Nazioni Unite erano un miraggio, mentre oggi sono realtà quotidiana. Quanto efficaci è ancora da vedere, ma Kant stesso affermava che la pace perpetua era un ideale al quale bisognava sforzarsi di avvicinarsi il più possibile.… (lisätietoja)
Merkitty asiattomaksi
lasiepedimore | 9 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Aug 2, 2023 |



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Associated Authors

Allen W. Wood Editor, Contributor, Introduction
Mary J. Gregor Editor, Translator, Foreword
Jeremy Waldron Contributor
Michael W. Doyle Contributor
Michel Foucault Translator
Hannah Arendt Contributor
Karl Popper Contributor
Jacques Derrida Contributor
Lewis White Beck Translator
H. B. Nisbet Translator
Wilhelm Weischedel Herausgeber
Bernd Ludwig Afterword
Øystein Skar Translator
Remi Peeters Translator
Thomas Mertens Translator
Edwin van Elden Translator
Dirk De Schutter Translator
Henk Daalder Translator
Rokus Hofstede Translator
Rihards Kūlis Translator
Werner S. Pluhar Translator, Editor
Paul Guyer Editor, Translator
Gary Banham Bibliography
Atis Rolavs Translator
Patricia Kitcher Introduction
H. J. Paton Translator
Aleksa Buha Afterword, Translator
Jean Gibelin Translator
J.H. Bernard Translator
Andrews Reath Introduction
Paul Carus Translator
Dennis Sweet Introduction
Julián Besteiro Translator
Hoyt H. Hudson Translator
Theodor Valentiner Herausgeber
Adela Cortina Orts Introduction
W. Hastie Translator
Gary C. Hatfield Translator
Michael Friedman Editor, Translator
Igors Šuvajevs Translator
Hoyt Hudson Translator
Manfred Kuehn Introduction
Annette Churton Translator
James Ellington Translator
Thomas K. Abbot Translator


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