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Martin Gardner (1914–2010)

Teoksen The Scientific American Book of Mathematical Puzzles & Diversions tekijä

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Tietoja tekijästä

Martin Gardner is the author of more than seventy books on a vast range of topics including "Did Adam & Eve Have Navels?", "Calculus Made Easy", & "The Annotated Alice". He lives in Hendersonville, North Carolina. (Publisher Provided)
Erotteluhuomautus:

(eng) Martin F. Gardner, the author of Threatened Plants of Central and South Chile, is a different author.

Image credit: Martin Gardner, Mathematician

Sarjat

Tekijän teokset

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The Whys of a Philosophical Scrivener (1983) — Tekijä — 347 kappaletta
Mathematical Circus (1968) 343 kappaletta
Science: Good, Bad, and Bogus (1980) 329 kappaletta
Codes, Ciphers and Secret Writing (1972) 328 kappaletta
Mathematics, Magic and Mystery (1956) 313 kappaletta
Mathematical Magic Show (1977) 237 kappaletta
Entertaining Mathematical Puzzles (1961) 237 kappaletta
New Mathematical Diversions (1966) 209 kappaletta
Penrose Tiles to Trapdoor Ciphers (1989) 205 kappaletta
Great Essays in Science (1957) — Toimittaja — 199 kappaletta
Best Remembered Poems (1992) — Toimittaja — 159 kappaletta
Classic Brainteasers (1994) 131 kappaletta
The sacred beetle and other great essays in science (1984) — Toimittaja — 129 kappaletta
The Magic Numbers of Doctor Matrix (1985) 112 kappaletta
The Flight of Peter Fromm (1973) 107 kappaletta
Logic Machines and Diagrams (1958) 106 kappaletta
More Mathematical Puzzles of Sam Loyd (1960) — Toimittaja — 95 kappaletta
Order and Surprise (1531) 75 kappaletta
Gardner's Whys & Wherefores (1989) 74 kappaletta
Oddities and Curiosities of Words and Literature (1961) — Toimittaja — 74 kappaletta
Science Fiction Puzzle Tales (1981) 60 kappaletta
On the Wild Side (1815) 59 kappaletta
Puzzles from Other Worlds (1984) 53 kappaletta
Mind-Boggling Word Puzzles (2001) — Tekijä — 51 kappaletta
The Incredible Dr. Matrix (1976) 50 kappaletta
Enigmi e giochi matematici (1997) 45 kappaletta
Urantia: The Great Cult Mystery (1995) 42 kappaletta
Martin Gardner's Table Magic (1998) 42 kappaletta
Encyclopedia of Impromptu Magic (1978) 42 kappaletta
Mental Magic: Surefire Tricks to Amaze Your Friends (1999) — Tekijä — 40 kappaletta
The Arrow Book of Brain Teasers (1959) 33 kappaletta
The Snark Puzzle Book (1973) 24 kappaletta
Pocket Puzzlers: Brain Teasers (1999) 23 kappaletta
The Wizard of Oz and Who He Was (1957) — Toimittaja — 21 kappaletta
Puzzling Questions About the Solar System (1997) — Tekijä — 17 kappaletta
Martin Gardner presents (1993) 17 kappaletta
Famous Poems from Bygone Days (1995) 17 kappaletta
After the Dessert (1940) 15 kappaletta
Colossal Book of Wordplay (2010) 13 kappaletta
Matematica para Divertirse (1988) 13 kappaletta
Smart Science Tricks (2004) 12 kappaletta
In the name of science (1952) 10 kappaletta
Martin Gardner's Science Tricks (1998) 9 kappaletta
EL ESCARABAJO SAGRADO TOMO II (1986) 9 kappaletta
La magie des paradoxes (1985) 8 kappaletta
Matematicas Para Divertirse (2007) 7 kappaletta
Optical Illusion Play Pack (2008) 7 kappaletta
Ongelmatarinoita (2000) 7 kappaletta
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Impromptu 6 kappaletta
Over the Coffee Cups 4 kappaletta
science puzzlers 4 kappaletta
Thang [short fiction] 4 kappaletta
12 tricks with a borrowed deck (1940) 4 kappaletta
Baffling brain-teasers (1983) 4 kappaletta
Situaciones problemáticas (2000) 3 kappaletta
Matematikinin Galaksi Rehberi (2011) 3 kappaletta
Mental games 3 kappaletta
Los enigmas del robot Farfel (2018) 2 kappaletta
Oom 2 kappaletta
La ciencia 1 kappale
Desafíos mentales (2010) 1 kappale
一個信徒的出走 (2002) 1 kappale
啊哈!有趣的推理 (1995) 1 kappale
Cut the Cards 1 kappale
A DIE OF ANOTHER COLOR (1995) 1 kappale
Ingenio Para Genios (1996) 1 kappale
ÄLYNIEKKA 1 kappale
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Yleistieto

Syntymäaika
1914-10-21
Kuolinaika
2010-05-22
Sukupuoli
male
Kansalaisuus
Yhdysvallat
Syntymäpaikka
Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA
Kuolinpaikka
Norman, Oklahoma, USA
Asuinpaikat
Hendersonville, North Carolina, USA
New York, New York, USA
Hastings-on-Hudson, New York, USA
Koulutus
University of Chicago (B.A. | Philosophy | 1936)
Ammatit
science writer
author
Organisaatiot
CSICOP: Committee for Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal
Humpty Dumpty
Scientific American
Skeptical Inquirer
United States Navy
Palkinnot ja kunnianosoitukset
Carl B. Allendoerfer Award (1990)
Trevor Evans Award (1998)
George Pólya Award (2000)
Lyhyt elämäkerta
Martin Gardner was born on October 21 1914 in Tulsa, Oklahoma, the son of a geologist who started a small oil business and became a wildcatter. As a child Martin enjoyed magic tricks and playing chess. After graduating from high school in 1932, he earned a bachelor's degree in Philosophy at the University of Chicago, having also studied history, literature and the sciences under the intellectually-stimulating Great Books curriculum.
Although brought up a devout Methodist, he lost his Christian faith as a result of his wide reading, a transition he covered in a semi-autobiographical novel The Flight of Peter Fromm (1973).
In 1937 Gardner returned to Oklahoma, taking a reporter's job on the Tulsa Tribune, and after a spell in public relations back at the University of Chicago, in 1942 joined the US Naval Reserve as a yeoman in the destroyer escort USS Pope. On night watch, he dreamed up plots for stories, which he sold to Esquire magazine. After the war he became a freelance writer, and in the 1950s wrote features for Humpty Dumpty's Magazine and other children's periodicals.
In 1956 he sold an article to Scientific American magazine and followed this up with an essay about hexaflexagons – hexagons made from strips of paper that show different faces when flexed in different ways. This so impressed the publisher that Gardner was invited to produce a regular column along similar lines. Since he had not studied mathematics after high school, Gardner plundered second-hand bookshops in Manhattan to find enough material to sustain his "Mathematical Games" column. In the event it ran for 25 years and earned Gardner the American Mathematical Society's prize for mathematical exposition.
His lack of scholarly expertise meant that instead of relying on academic jargon, Gardner packed his prose with cross-cultural references, jokes and anecdotes, giving the column the broadest-possible appeal. He introduced his readers to riddles, paradoxes, enigmas and even magic tricks, as well as concepts such as fractals and Chinese tangram puzzles, redefining the concept of "recreational mathematics".
Gardner also became known as a sceptic of the paranormal, and wrote works debunking public figures such as the psychic Uri Geller, who gained fame for claiming to bend spoons with his mind. In his first book Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science (1952), Gardner exposed such quackery as flat-earth cults, alien abductions and a belief in UFOs. The book has since become a classic; the novelist Kingsley Amis, an early fan, regretted not stealing a copy when he had had the chance.
In 1976, with Carl Sagan, Isaac Asimov and others, Gardner co-founded the Committee for the Scientific Evaluation of Claims of the Paranormal, and wrote regularly for its magazine, the Skeptical Inquirer. Its most recent issue includes a feature he wrote on Oprah Winfrey's New Age interests.
In more than 70 books, Gardner produced lay guides to Einstein's Theory of Relativity; ambidexterity and physical symmetry; the bath plug vortex (the phenomenon by which bathwater in the northern hemisphere drains in an anticlockwise direction and clockwise in the southern hemisphere); and even the concept of God. He also published fiction, poetry and literary and film criticism as well as puzzle books.
In The Numerology of Dr Matrix (1967) Gardner investigated links between numerals and the occult, asking (for example) what is special about the number 8,549,176,320? (A: It is the 10 natural integers arranged in the order of the English alphabet.)
His many admirers instituted a regular convention of Gardner followers, known as "Gatherings for Gardner" (G4G), which attracted magicians, puzzle fans and mathematicians from all over the world.
Although Gardner attended these as guest of honour, as a matter of course he avoided conferences, meetings and parties, and despite his facility as a polymath never owned a computer or used email. He preferred to work standing up, and, while magic and conjuring tricks remained his principal hobby, was also an accomplished exponent of the musical saw.
Martin Gardner married, in 1952, Charlotte Greenwald, who predeceased him in 2000. Their two sons survive him.
(The Telegraph: Martin Gardner, 7:14PM BST 25 May 2010)
Erotteluhuomautus
Martin F. Gardner, the author of Threatened Plants of Central and South Chile, is a different author.

Jäseniä

Kirja-arvosteluja

What a disappointment.

I've adored Martin Gardner since I first picked up "The Annotated Alice", and he was a one-of-a-kind historian, raconteur, critic, and general pioneer of common sense and rational thinking. I was also amazed, given he was very old at the time of writing this book, to think that he had it in him.

Instead, what I soon learned was that this book was clearly put together from essays, reviews, articles, and other miscellanea previously written. Which is fine, in and of itself. Malcolm Gladwell does the same thing. However in this case, most of these articles just don't work in this context.

Take, for instance, his chapter on the possibilities of extinction by meteor -- it falls off into a film critique of two Hollywood blockbusters! And not even a critique of the science, just of his dislike for the films in general! These may have worked in a weekly newspaper column or some such, but don't have the coherence and sting to be a major chapter in a book. By a similar notion, some of the articles that debunk or analyse heavy physics do so without providing enough information to the layman. Evidently they were first written for scientific magazines that catered to a more niche crowd.

Some chapters, even worse, don't "debunk" at all, as the title claims. Gardner just explains the issue at heart, and then maybe gives a brief precis of why people do it. His chapter on cult suicides is admittedly a tough example, since explaining that kind of situation is a complex debate. However, Gardner neither explains nor debunks. He effectively just recounts what happens, without looking at the science or psychology of cult worship and leadership, nor really debunking (beyond the obvious "it's ridiculous) the theories those people held.

I won't hold this against the memory of the late Mr. Gardner, since he was a remarkable man. But this book shouldn't have seen the light of day.
… (lisätietoja)
 
Merkitty asiattomaksi
therebelprince | 5 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Apr 21, 2024 |
Gardner was always interesting for the way he explained concepts.
 
Merkitty asiattomaksi
mykl-s | 3 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Aug 9, 2023 |
Il libro di Gardner come molti libri dedicati ai giochi matematici ha il peccato di fondo di essere poco leggibile. E probabilmente questo tipo di libri andrebbero affrontati a capitoli, spezzati, letti ad intermittenza, enigma per enigma, paradosso per paradosso. E così la lettura diventa ostica e non riesco a portarla a fondo, mi blocco, mi sospendo, e alla fine mi arrendo. Ma il giudizio di fondo non è negativo, le pagine lette sono interessanti ed intriganti, se un giorno avrò il tempo di approfondire questi temi, il libro va bene, benissimo. Ma non è un libro da lettura e, quindi, va contro le mie abitudini di leggere i libri in ordine.… (lisätietoja)
 
Merkitty asiattomaksi
grandeghi | Mar 22, 2023 |
¿Se pueden curar las enfermedades bebiendo la propia orina? Cuestiones risibles como éstas parecen ocupar las mentes de millones de personas día tras día, como si la gente estuviera hambrienta de cualquier migaja de conocimiento que se dé aires de ciencia y quisiera adoptar teorías que sólo provocan miedo y asombro. Sin embargo, estas ideas, por ridículas que parezcan, encuentran acogida en las tribunas de comunicación pública y muchas veces se convierten en temas de información respetables que no tardan en considerarse verdades. Eso dice Martin Gardner en este divertido y provocativo libro. Gardner, posiblemente el más ingenioso desenmascarador de fraudes científicos de nuestra época, hace uso de sus décadas de experiencia para desbaratar las proclamaciones de la Nueva Era y las investigaciones dudosas de eminentes científicos. Afrontando las máximas de la seudociencia con una mirada aguda y escéptica, ¿Tenían ombligo Adán y Eva? desenmascara afirmaciones engañosas en toda clase de campos, y reflexiona sobre cuestiones tan diversas como los suicidios de la secta Puerta del Cielo y el interés de algún senador norteamericano por lo paranormal.… (lisätietoja)
 
Merkitty asiattomaksi
Natt90 | 5 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Sep 27, 2022 |

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