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Umberto Eco (1932–2016)

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Tietoja tekijästä

Umberto Eco was born in Alessandria, Italy on January 5, 1932. He received a doctorate of philosophy from the University of Turin in 1954. His first book, Il Problema Estetico in San Tommaso, was an extension of his doctoral thesis on St. Thomas Aquinas and was published in 1956. His first novel, näytä lisää The Name of the Rose, was published in 1980 and won the Premio Strega and the Premio Anghiar awards in 1981. In 1986, it was adapted into a movie starring Sean Connery. His other works include Foucault's Pendulum, The Island of the Day Before, Baudolino, The Prague Cemetery, and Numero Zero. He also wrote children's books and more than 20 nonfiction books including Serendipities: Language and Lunacy. He taught philosophy and then semiotics at the University of Bologna. He also wrote weekly columns on popular culture and politics for L'Espresso. He died from cancer on February 19, 2016 at the age of 84. (Bowker Author Biography) näytä vähemmän

Sarjat

Tekijän teokset

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Merkitty avainsanalla

Yleistieto

Syntymäaika
1932-01-05
Kuolinaika
2016-02-19
Sukupuoli
male
Kansalaisuus
Italia
Maa (karttaa varten)
Italië
Syntymäpaikka
Alessandria, Italia
Kuolinpaikka
Milan, Italy
Kuolinsyy
pancreatic cancer
Asuinpaikat
Alessandria, Italia
Milano, Italia
Koulutus
Torinon yliopisto (filosofian tohtori|keskiaikainen filosofia ja kirjallisuus|1954)
Ammatit
filosofi
semiootikko
kirjallisuudentutkija
kustannustoimittaja
Organisaatiot
Bolognan yliopisto (semiotiikan professori)
Palkinnot ja kunnianosoitukset
Austrian State Prize for European Literature (2001)
Kenyon Review Award for Literary Achievement (2005)
Premio Príncipe de Asturias (2000)
Society of Literature
Premio Strega (1981)
Prix Medicis Etranger (1982) (näytä kaikki 9)
Italian Grand Cross of Merit (Knight)
American Academy of Arts and Letters (1999)
Accademia dei Lincei (2010)
Lyhyt elämäkerta
Umberto Eco was born in the city of Alessandria in the Italian region of Piedmont, right in the middle of the Genova, Milan, Turin triangle. Before he was drafted to fight in 3 wars, his father, Giulio Eco, was an accountant. Young Umberto and his mother, Giovanna, moved to a small village in the Piedmontese mountainside during the Second World War. Eco received a Salesian education, and he has made references to the order and its founder in his works and interviews. His family name is supposedly an acronym of ex caelis oblatus (Latin: a gift from the heavens), which was given to his grandfather (a foundling) by a city official. His father came from a family of thirteen children, and was very keen of Umberto to read Law, but instead he entered the University of Turin in order to take up medieval philosophy and literature. Umberto's thesis was on the topic of Thomas Aquinas and this earned him a BA in philosophy in 1954. In that period, Eco abandoned the Roman Catholic Church after a crisis of faith. Following this, Eco worked as a cultural editor for RAI, Radiotelevisione Italiana, the state broadcasting station, he also became a lecturer at the University of Turin (1956–64). A group of avant-garde artists—painters, musicians, writers—whom he had befriended at RAI (Gruppo 63) became an important and influential component in Eco's future writing career. This was especially true after the publication of his first book in 1956, Il problema estetico di San Tommaso, which was an extension of his doctoral thesis. This also marked the beginning of his lecturing career at his alma mater. In September 1962, he married Renate Ramge, a German art teacher with whom he has a son and a daughter. He divides his time between an apartment in Milan and a vacation house near Rimini. He has a 30,000 volume library in the former and a 20,000 volume library in the latter.

Jäseniä

Keskustelut

Umberto Eco, Legacy Libraries (maaliskuu 3)
Umberto Eco / The Name of the Rose, Someone explain it to me... (joulukuu 2023)
test, Christopher's LT Testing Group (lokakuuta 2020)
May Group Read - The Name of the Rose (Umberto Eco), 75 Books Challenge for 2016 (syyskuu 2016)
Umberto Eco dead at 84, Book talk (helmikuu 2016)
**Umberto Eco, 2014 Category Challenge (kesäkuu 2014)
Bibliographie, Zwischen �t�p� und Wirklichkeit: Konstruierte Sprachen für die gl�b�l�s�rt� Welt (kesäkuu 2012)
[The Name of the Rose], Historical Mysteries (syyskuu 2006)

Kirja-arvosteluja

Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose is the first book I've ever read that features heavily the root of the Romance languages: there's so much Latin I had to keep a website with most of the translations up on my phone when I was reading it so I wouldn't miss anything (well, too much anyways). The book is a murder mystery set over the course of a week in a monastery during the Middle Ages (hence all the Latin). That's the way I'd describe it to people, but it's also so much richer and deeper than that.

It's about faith. It's about sin. It's about various schismatic movements within the Catholic Church in the 1200s and 1300s (the time of the anti-popes). It's about laughter and poverty and their roles within the lives of the cloistered. It's about those cloistered, their relationships with each other and the outside world. It's about books and learning and whether wanting to learn more is always a good thing and whether knowledge should be controlled. It's about power and having it and wanting it.

The story follows Adso, a young novice monk, traveling with Brother William of Baskervilles, a Franciscan when Franciscans were a very new movement. They arrive at an abbey famous for its incredible library and are begged by the abbot to help inquire into the death of a monk just the night before. William, who is an obvious and intentional analogue to Sherlock Holmes, is intrigued and goes about investigating. Was it a suicide? A murder? And every day, another monk keeps turning up dead, making William and Adso's work a race against time.

I can already tell I'm going to need (and want) to read this one again. It's so dense, so full of allusions and historical references I just don't understand, that it's obvious that to read this only once means that you'll never be able to fully appreciate it. It reminds me of Dante's Divine Comedy, in that it's certainly readable and enjoyable on its own, but without a fuller understanding of the world at the time, you can't really understand everything that's going on. So I'll need to read up on the establishment of the Franciscan order and the other religious splinter groups that developed around the same period and tackle this one again. The writing is lively and the characters and drama compelling enough that I'm sure it'll be a rewarding experience. But for the first time through, despite having liked it, I feel like I've missed enough that it wasn't quite as satisfying as it could have been.
… (lisätietoja)
 
Merkitty asiattomaksi
ghneumann | 315 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Jun 14, 2024 |
Overview:
The essays are united in their randomness. Provoking curiosity in a variety of topics, that otherwise might not have been provoked. Encouraging reflection on otherwise ignored topics. Each topic has ideas in contrast with others, as ideas identify their value in contrast to other ideas. By being challenged in the presence of opposition, can the errors of the ideas be identified. By overcoming the errors, do ideas become better.

To learn about contradictions within the ideas requires individuals to be willing to learn information that is not yet believed. To interact and acknowledge the differences. To try and understand the complexity of information rather than just the stereotypes. Conflicts arise when being challenged, but to overcome the conflict would require communication. Communication depends on listening, and having silence to hear others. But the ubiquitous constant distractions prevent silence that is needed for communication.

Enemies:
An enemy provides a contrast to one’s own values, which define an identity. Enemies behave differently, and have different values. An enemy provides a challenge to values, in which not only do the values becomes measured but also demonstrate their worth in overcoming the challenge. As the identity is built in the presence of others, differences are found even if they do not matter. Enemies are invented even when there are no enemies. Although others are needed, they are also in some way intolerable because of their differences. Turning the other into an enemy creates conflict that can lead to self-destruction.

Threats to one’s own values are the real threat. What becomes threatening is the differences between one’s values and the oppositions values. The different sides view the other as a homogenized group, and obtain negative characteristics. The opposition becomes evil and characterized by negative attributes such as ugliness. Alternatively, everyone identified as supporters become defined as good and have positive attributes such as beauty. Civilization seems to depend on having enemies. If not a human object, then the threat comes from nature or social force that needs to be defeated.

When dealing with the enemy, morality facilitates an understanding of the enemy, rather than pretending that there are no enemies. An even greater challenge than the challenge posed by the enemy, is to understand other people in their complexity rather than by stereotype. Complexity that acknowledges and interacts with the differences. Normal behavior tends to simplify the opposition into a homogenous caricature, while seeing supporters are complex.

War depends on having an enemy. There are those who claim there are benefits to war, as there are features of war that facilitate a harmonious human society. War enables effective governance, and reduces supply pressures. Nations develop their identity through war, and the legitimacy of its governance. Creates an equilibrium between classes. Provides a validating reason for exploiting antisocial elements of society, and direct delinquents to effective behavior.

Absolute, and Relative:
That which does not depend on something else is usually referred to being absolute. The absolute has motivations and reasons without external influence. While cognitive relativism sees objects as being determined by human faculties. Which creates an interesting irony as the theory of relativity would not be labeled under relativism because motion would be valid for everyone in every time and place. Without absolutes, there are only interpretations. Which would also require interpretations of interpretations, but cycle of interpretation would require something to begin the process.

Caveats?
The essays have varying qualities. The essays have very little connection to each other and are random curiosities. Curiosities that can inspire further consideration of the topic, but that would depend on the reader’s interests.

The essays usually make a claim, and then provide a variety of examples. The amount of examples can be overwhelming, and might not add much addition content to the claim other then as further proofs of concept.
… (lisätietoja)
 
Merkitty asiattomaksi
Eugene_Kernes | 10 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Jun 4, 2024 |
Fazer uma tese, uma monografia ou trabalho de conclusão de curso deve ser uma aventura, um exercício capaz de revelar para nós mesmos uma capacidade de criação e de descoberta de conhecimento latentes que talvez não imaginássemos que poderíamos carregar e gestar na formulação de um texto, a partir de regras básicas de estutura. Pode ser exaustivo, mas não pode deixar de ser gratificante. E, se possível, divertido. Um livro incrivelmente atual, porque ensina fundamentalmente que pesquisar e pensar com rigor pode ser muito estimulante.… (lisätietoja)
 
Merkitty asiattomaksi
clautrigo | 22 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Jun 4, 2024 |
Interesante libro. Lo más intrigante, los escritos en latín, que comencé traduciendo y que mucho no agregaban a la lectura en sí hasta que un amigo me dijo "no te hagas problemas, dejalos, obvialos, son textos que puso Eco para lucirse con su conocimiento", y maravillosamente, me lo hizo más fácil de leer y, tomándome tiempo después de finalizarlo, fui traduciendo pedacitos y ciertamente, seguían sin agregar mas que detalles que no alteraban el resultado final.
 
Merkitty asiattomaksi
agsalva | 315 muuta kirja-arvostelua | May 30, 2024 |

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Tilastot

Teokset
431
Also by
34
Jäseniä
103,956
Suosituimmuussija
#87
Arvio (tähdet)
3.8
Kirja-arvosteluja
1,596
ISBN:t
2,425
Kielet
42
Kuinka monen suosikki
594

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