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12+ teosta 1,476 jäsentä 11 arvostelua 5 Favorited

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David J. Chalmers is University Professor of Philosophy and Neural Science and Co-Director of the Center for Mind, Brain, and Consciousness at New York University. He is Honorary Professor of Philosophy at the Australian National University and Co-Director of the PhilPapers Foundation. He is the näytä lisää author of The Conscious Mind (OUP 1997), The Character of Consciousness (OUP 2010), and Constructing the World (OUP 2012). näytä vähemmän

Tekijän teokset

Associated Works

The Mystery of Consciousness (1997) — Avustaja — 448 kappaletta
Explaining Consciousness: The Hard Problem (1997) — Avustaja — 82 kappaletta
Mind and Consciousness: 5 Questions (2009) — Avustaja — 11 kappaletta

Merkitty avainsanalla




There’s an idea, discussed widely these days, that what we call “the universe” may be a simulation running on a gigantic computer: the Simulation Hypothesis. Now, if you like you can simply take this literally (as Hollywood has done), but for me its real interest is that it provides a fresh new way of looking at stale, often millennia-old, questions. For example, back in the 17th Century René Descartes was asking: how can I know that anything outside my own head is real? What if I’m dreaming all this, or some evil demon is deceiving me into thinking there’s a world out there when there isn’t? Were he alive today in the computer age, Descartes’ question would be more along the lines of: how can I know that I’m not in some kind of simulation?
    David Chalmers’ Reality+ explores this new angle on philosophy. It covers: the nature of knowledge (i. e. how we know about the outside world) and how far we can trust that knowledge; the nature of the world (or universe) we are looking at; the nature of the instrument (mind) doing the looking; God (as creator of that universe, and possible nature of); value (what is “good”, what is “right”)…all squinted at through the newfangled lens of the Simulation Hypothesis. In addition, there’s something even newer too—virtual reality—and, while still unwieldy at present (headset, gloves and so on), it’s certain to become ever more subtle and invasive. Much of this book is about VR and what it may already be telling us about the relationship between mind and world. Running through it is what Chalmers calls “Simulation realism”, his contention that virtual objects are real—i.e. things which are part of a virtual world are real in the fullest sense of that word; and that if something (or someone) is part of a simulation, that doesn’t make it (or them) any less real.
    Chalmers, a philosopher himself, makes his case very well, and one particular chapter out of the book’s twenty-four contained an idea so striking I’ve been mulling it over myself ever since. As for the Simulation Hypothesis itself though, I’m not, so far, persuaded by that. But it is like opening a window and letting some fresh clean air into the musty atmosphere of a philosophy class; and what’s also obvious to me is that, as we begin to design and run simulated universes ourselves, it’s going to let in a whole lot more.
… (lisätietoja)
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justlurking | 3 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Jan 2, 2024 |
A massive exploration of "technophilosophy" in which each of the 24 chapters has a question as its title. The early chapters introduce such ideas as the simulation hypothesis and the argument in its favor, the general nature of reality, and the contention that entities in virtual worlds should be regarded as real. All 557 pages are well worth reading, but the topics covered in the middle and later chapters are too numerous and varied for me to be able to comment on them concisely. One incidental point is the repeated mentioning of the imagined possibility of mind uploading: Chalmers is one of the few authors who appreciate that a process of gradual replacement (not copying) would be required for there to be any hope of preservation of personal identity. Online supplement: consc.net/reality… (lisätietoja)
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fpagan | 3 muuta kirja-arvostelua | May 11, 2022 |
Not the sort of problems I'll have within my lifetime.
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Paul_S | 3 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Apr 8, 2022 |
Covers a lot of ground and provides a useful new lens through which to look at the problems of philosophy. Some of the arguments are speculative and hand-wavy and most of the examples feature audiovisual perception. This is easier than explaining how virtual food will actually nourish your body with what it needs.
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albertgoldfain | 3 muuta kirja-arvostelua | Mar 26, 2022 |



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